Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos


p. 104-#1493 Forks seniorating gradgers 2001---HARVARD College recollections 1953-7 part i text


I am not sure if everyone received this first half, particularly Ed Jezak, who is mentioned in Philipps Brooks Social Services and Norfolk Settlement House near Dudley St. Roxbury. - best to everyone John Barrett TEXT: Harvard Recollections beginning HARVARD recollections. I plan to utilize web page 104 for recollections of Harvard College and University. I won the George Emerson Lowell Classics Scholarship for Greek and Latin spring 1953 but received only a token hundred dollars because the college considered my father's Navy retirement income and investments adequate to support an only child in college at that time. From my neighborhood Ed Galvin, Jim Sullivan, Jack Banton, Robert McLaughlin, Bill White also entered the 1957 class. I had visited Paul Beatty, Jack Hey, and Teddy Williams who were freshman in Wigglesworth Hall when I was applying. I was also offered scholarships at Dartmouth and Amherst Colleges. Paul Beatty was a considerable influence in my decision to enter Harvard and also to apply for Winthrop House residence for my last three years. I audited a great many courses during college and continued while in law school and beginning 1982 discovered a great many lecture series at Harvard are open to the public, and the botany and natural history libraries. My freshmen courses were Psychology 1 and 126 with Edwin Garrigues Boring, Greek 106 with professors Sterling Dow and John Finley, jr, Humanities 3 with dollar-a-year-man John L. Sweeney, who ran the Woodbury Poetry Room in Lamont College Library, and Social Sciences 6 "Freedom and Authority in the Modern World" with Drs. Conway + Graubard. Edwin Boring was about to retire in 1954 and gave me special permission to enter his courses, which were not ordinarily open to freshmen. He was the first person to make a systematic study of the history of experimental psychology, and had published a revised textbook in that area in 1950. I got to know him well taking the historical Psychology course [126?] the 1954 Spring term. He considered Wilhelm Wundt the most important innovator, as he opened the first experimental psychology course in 1889 in Germany. William James started one at Harvard the next year 1890. Boring was a pupil of the introspectionist Edward Bradford Tichener at Cornell - the introspective technique resquired training and aimed to understand the "generalized normal human adult". Boring was a leader in the movement to separate the departments of Philosophy and Psychology in 1920s. Later Social Psychology was moved into a combined Social Relations Department with Sociology and Social Anthropology. Among antecedents of psychology, Boring spoke of Aristotle, Berkeley, Hume, Kant, color vision theories of Newton, Goethe, Hering, Helmholz and others; the researchs on reaction time "personal equations" of astronomers, which led to psychophysics of Fechner and Stumpf. The Gestalt psychologists, begun in Germany by Wertheimer, Kohler, + Koffka developed wholistic, structural aspects of perception suggested by the slogan "the whole is more than the sum of the parts" - their ideas have had wide influence and have become part of main stream psychology of learning. One of the phrases associated with them is "Zeitgeist" the spirit of the time. Locke and others suggested that the mind is like a blank piece of paper at birth - "nihil est in intellectu qui non fuerit in sensu". On the other hand, researchers like the gestalt psychologists resisted simplistic reductionist behaviorism. Boring knew many of the leading behariorists, who tried to get away from subjectivism and introspection. He discussed Watson, Pavlov, the Russian who observed salivation of dogs at the stimulus of food, and his Harvard colleague B. Frederick Skinner, who studied the responses of pigeons to stimuli. Boring described Skinner's work as "the psychology of the empty organism". In recent decades there has been a swing in another direction toward sociobiological investigation how genes may program behavior. Boring in World War I studied morale factors in military personnel under stress and believed that personal loyalty to one's unit under fire is the strongest factor, when more abstract ideas break down. He was cautious about IQ theories like Binet's - "IQ is what intelligence tests test". There are many separate aptitudes, and "intelligence" may be biased by middle-class values or types of language skills. In the reading period I had an opportunity to read biographies of a great many psychologists in the library then in the basement of Memorial Hall, where Boring's classes met. HARVARD recollections FRESHMAN year: Boring also was interested in the work of Harvard physicist Percy Bridgman on the logic of modern physics and its epistomological implications for the theory of knowledge - science comes down to measurement readings. I saw Edwin Boring in April 1961 when I returned to Massachusetts after six months Air Force Reserve medical duty in Texas and Alabama. He participated in a panel discussion after a talk on extra-sensory perception and parapsychology by J. B. Rhine of Duke University. Boring sometimes discussed the history of free will and determinism - what one researcher might call probable error" another would call "free will". Similar issues turn up in discussions whether some individuals have an occult sense that enables them to guess cards or other phenomena. Another member of the panel was Timothy Leary, later notorious for his championship of lysergic acid, LSD, which proved highly dangerous, doing permanent brain damage to many users. None of the panelists endorsed extra-sensory perception, but Leary tried generally to support academic freedom to pursue unpopular and unconventional subjects-- in hindsight a self-serving argument. Edwin Boring was interested in geriatrics - he was the first person I heard use the term. He studied many optical illusions, particular the reasons why the moon looks bigger near the horizon than overhead- refraction of light by water vapor down low contributes, but Boring argued that when people use various muscles to look up high, he believed it altered their perception of apparent size. He recorded a version of his elementary Psychology 1 course for Public Educational Television, including many remarkable optical illusions. His wife was a 1908 graduate of Mount Holyoke College, and Sophie and John Barrett and their driver Kenneth Borden of Quincy saw her in May 1983 when Mrs. Boring observed her seventy-fifth college reunion and Sophie her sixtieth. One reason I was interested in pschology in 1953 was that during the summer swimming counselor Paul Burger experimented with hypnosis at Camp Kabeyun, Alton Bay, New Hampshire. I never was suggestible or hypnotizable myself, but I learned enough of the techniques so that in Matthews Hall the freshman dormitory, I was able to hypnotize neighbor Jim Harrison, who was quite suggestible and had experience in being hypnotized. We both were aware of possible hazards, but Jim was a very interesting subject, already with a prodigious knwledge of theatre and music, especially Bach and polyphony. Matthews Hall is centrally located in Harvard Yard, and I remember looking down from the windows of Matthews 11 on the second floor and watching the Overseers with top hats and formal attire lining up in preparation for the inauguration of President Nathan Pusey.Judge Charles Wyzanski was a member of the group. I was assigned Earl Silbert and Michael Berger as roommates, and Howie Glaser, who briefly had been a commuter from Brookline soon joined us. My West Roxbury neighbor Jack Banton was downstairs on the first floor rooming with Jack Lambros, and my father on visits enjoyed speaking some Greek with Jack. One the second floor,law student Roger Pugh was the proctor,and Peter Nathan and Bill Hoppe both from St. Louis Missouri were neighbors along with Michael Burley. On the Columbus Day weekend 1953 Peter Nathan and Richard "Bud Veech" accepted my invitation to join a group going up to Alton Bay, New Hampshire to look at autumn foliage, and Peter became friendly with Kabeyun director John Porter and was hired for five years as canoeing counselor. Freshman took their meals in the Harvard Union, and among the earlier acquaintances I made were two basketball players from Winchester Rod Long and Neil Muncaster.Neil's father and brothers David 1952 and Craig 1958 attended Harvard. During the winter I got to know most of the freshman basketball squad including Robert Canty, Richard Hurley, Bill Schreiber, Bob Barnett, Ned Keenan, Jack Hamilton, Bob Hastings, Lou Lowenfels, captain Bob Dolven who once said to me very pleasantly "You are a gentleman and a scholar, sir" but he left at the end of freshman year, and his fellow Minnesotan Leroy Scharpen left after sophomore year. My high school did not have a basketball gym, so basketball was quite new to me at the time, and I understood little of the strategy or foul-rules, but many of the team were among my better friends in college and afterward. Floyd Wilson was then freshman and later varsity coach, succeeding Norman Shepherd, who moved over to become head baseball coach the next year. They were both delightful gentlemen though I did not know enough of the fine points to evaluate them strictly as coaches. There was required physical education for freshmen, which I completed with swimming and senior Red Cross Life saving, both conducted by freshman swimming coach Bill Brooks, who also in time becamse varsity coach. Matthews neighbor Bob Dubinsky was in the class, along with legally blind Paul Sher, and I think Richard Smithies and Peter Durkee, another who left around the middle of freshman year, and Vaughn Payne, Glen Bowersock and more. We would see the freshman swimming team, including Chouteau Dyer and Jon Lind and others. Other Fall term acquaintances were Noble and Greenough grads John Louis Newell and Jimmy Bailey - Jimmy became hockey goalie. Many of these acquaintances go back to the meals at the Union and to walking across Harvard Yard and using Lamont Library. Other acquaintances were formed in class. The dicussions in John L. Sweeney's Humanities 3 course held in a section of thirty or thirty five provided an opportunity to get well acquainted. It was there I got to know George Cronin from Taft School and Waterbury Connecticut, and we were roommates in Winthrop House sophomore and junior years. In Humanities 3 I also got to know Steve Friedlander, Peter Hobbs, Doug Fitchen, and several others. High school classmate Paul Wheeler from Brookline was in the section also. The course examined classical drama, history, biography, and the novel as literary forms. The Iliad and Odyssey were quickly reviewed, and works of Sophocles, Plato, Gibbon, King Lear, Shaw's "Major Barbara" Ibsen's "Wild Duck", Conrad "Heart of Darkness" Stendhal "Le Rouge et Le Noir" Dostoyevsky "Brothers Karamzov" I later audited a Modern Poetry course of Mr. Sweeney's in which I remember him reading Wallace Stevens "I set a jar in Tennessee, And round it was upon a hill. It made the slovenly wilderness Surround the hill.... It took dominion everywhere...It bore no living bird or beast - like nothing else in Tennessee." Mr. Sweeney was reputed to be an unpaid "dollar-a-year" man on the faculty who had organized the Humanities Three course, which had many sections with different instructors. His brother was director of a modern art museum in Houston Texas. At various times I audited several of the other Humanities courses. Eliot House master John Finley had large lecture audiences in Sanders Theater for Humanities Two "Epic and Novel". Sophomore year I audited John Wild's Humanities 5, in which he discussed his highly original theory of "Christian realism" - some people might compare it to existentialism in emphaisizing the choices people make in life, as my high school math teacher Phil Bridgess used to say, "Life is a matter of choices". Bob Barnett, who was in the Winthrop House student government, took this course for credit. Later when Reuben Brower came to Harvard from Amherst, I also audited his Humanities Six course mainly on modern literature. My roommate Earl Silbert attended first Brookline High School and then about two years at Philips Exeter Academy. His father and mother and two sisters were frequent visitors at our room, and several of his mother's excellent paintings adorned the walls. His father, Boston attorney Coleman Silbert, was a 1909 Boston Latin School graduate who knew many of my father's friends. Earl used to have a saying, "How does the price of rhubarb in Rangoon compare with the price of pickles in Pureto Rico?" We were both in the large lecture course Social Sciences Six, "Freedom and Authority in the Moderm World" which met in Sanders theater with Drs. Graubard and John Conway and covered the English Revolution and Civil War of the 1600s, the French Revolution of 1789, the American Revolution, the growth of modern Germany in the Bismarck epoch 1860-90, the Russian Revolution, the ideas of theorists like John Locke and the American federalist papers, and David Reisman's ideas on inner-directed and other-directed societies in "The Lonely Crowd". Once a week we met in sections, and I was fortunate in our section man Mr. Kilbourn, who was conscientious and friendly. Earl Silbert has remained one of my closer friends through three years of Winthrop House [he played intramural hockey] three years of law school, and four subsequent decades. He became the prosecutor of the "Watergate Seven" in 1973. Spring 1954 I audited Raphael Demos's Philosophy 1b, Modern Philosophy, which Earl was taking for credit. The course began with Rene DesCartes 1596-1650 Cogito, ergo sum "I think, therefore I am" Baruch Spinoza "Am I a man dreaming I am a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming I am a man" David Hume empiricism Emmanuel Kant categorical imperatives William James pragmatism. -Another acquaintaince from the Social Sciences Six course was Edward "Ned" Keenan, whose undergraduate pranks did not prevent his becoming an important scholar in Russian History and dean of Harvard's Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. He special field has been the epoch of Ivan the Terrible, but he has wide acquaintance in Russia, East Europe and the Middle East and the academic world, has worked on availability of long-inaccessible archives and had constructive fingers in many pies {possible mixed metaphor may be justified as effort for brevity]. He became another denizen of Winthrop House. Mike Berger my other original roommate came from Pittsburg and its Shadyside Academy. One of his friends Briar used to come down weekends from Bowdoin. One time we were talking about the honor system at Princeton University, and Mike joked, "The faculty have the honor - the students have the system." Mike's family were wholesalers of rubber products and second hand goods. Mike used to practice a tongue-twister "Rubber baby-buggy bumpers". He was and is a jazz enthusiasts - I remember his Bessie Smith classic blues recordings "Nobody knows you when you're down and out" and I forget who was the performer of "The Rock Island Line" and a song "I got pigs, I got sheep, I got all livestock --- [then] I fooled ya - I got pig iron {lower rate on train}. Mike is recently still involved with family business but also a very active modern art collector and dealer. Howie Glaser son of a Brokline eye doctor, has become a photographer, sometimes using the professional name Howard Harrison [originally his middle name]. There was a required half course in English composition. I believe my instructor the first term was Mr. McCreary - all sections had assignments to write about the painting "The Fall of Icarus" by Peter Brueghel of the Flemish Renaissance and Henry Thoreau's "Essay on Civil Disobedience". [Thoreau protested a tax to finance the war against Mexico, which he thought would expand slavery. His family and friends came and asked him "What are you doing in jail?" - he answered "What are you doing out of it?" The second term I was put in a section with Mr. Ganz, which looked at moderm poetry, which often I found obscure, but I took away considerable knowledge of William Butler Yeats - Mr. Ganz particularly analyzed the remarkable symbolic late poem "Among Schoolchildren". I was assigned Philip Levine of the Classics Department as my freshman advisor - my father enjoyed a number of conversations with him, and I read the first book of Thucydides "Peloponnesian War" and Aristophanes anti-war comedy Acharnians with historian-archaeologist Sterling Dow, and then lyric and elegaic poets with John Finley. I think Edward Smith was the only other freshman in the advanced course. Whereas Herodotus had traveled widely and contributed to knowledge of Egypt and the upper Nile and other distant lands and cultures, and had celebrated the glorious victories of allied Greeks over the barbarian Persian empire at Marathon 490 and Salamis 480, Thucydides had the more solemn task of analyzing the decline and impending defeat of democratic, maritime-trading Athens by the austere Peloponnesian dictatorship Sparta in the Thirty Years War. Thucydides had been a general himself, supposed to have special knowledge of the lands and people of the north Aegean, but he laments the divisions of the Athenians, - first prosperity under Pericles,then occurrence of a plague,the divisive Mytilene debates as Athens developed increasingly autocratic control over distant islands, and the rivalry of Generals Nicias and Alcibiades and the disastrous expedition to attack Syracuse in Sicily. In the autumn of 1953, only a few months after the death of Joseph Stalin and the uneasy Koean armistice, with Russia developing the H-bomb sooner than expected, the possible parallels to frugal Sparta outlasting prodigal Athens seemed very powerful to many people, including my father and myself. At Christmas 1953 I gave my mother Charles Wagner's 1950 book "Harvard: Four Centuries and Freedoms". She liked several passages about forty-year Harvard President Charles Eliot and his wife. He got a bit deaf in his old age - he was the center of attention most of the time, but once when a prayer was being recited, he was puzzled and asked his wife what was being said- she answered: "Never mind - they aren't talking to YOU!" She also disliked long sermons - these were the times when members of the congregation would stand up and be "SAVED" but Mrs. Eliot opined: "Very few souls are saved after the first hour." I had an exceptional pre-college preparation and was very much interested in my courses the first autumn term and made Group I with four A's, which did not happen again though I averaged Group Two over four years, and graduated Magna cum laude Phi Beta Kappa. Unfortunately I did not have a clear post-college objective. I tried a great many new fields, which I think worthwhile - we were admonished to get a broad general education - I may possibly have carried the idea too far - I had some interest in medicine but found my near-sightedness a handicap in laboratory course, though I was interested in science concepts. In April 1954 I attended a great many of the talks by members of various departments on fields of concentration. I remember hearing Physical Anthropologist Ernest Hooton a few days before he died, in a talk about his department. Physical Anthropology was group with the Natural Sciences, while Social Anthropology at that date I believe had been merged into the Department of Social Relations. Sophomore year I also heard western-US-historian and environmentalist Bernard DeVoto apeak in Kirkland House just a few days before he died. Both were probable heart attack victims - in the 1950s because of fat diets and lack of exercise heart attacks were occuring on average five or ten years younger than today. Air and water pollution and unknown factors may have played a role. In March 1953 former Harvard mathematics instructor Tom Lehrer performed this outrageous and witty songs at a freshman class function. His hunting song tells how he shot "two game wardens, seven hunters and a pure bred Guernsey cow". His Irish ballad has a remarkable rhyme scheme. His mathematical background leads him to advise "Plagiarize, let no one else's work evade your eyes, Why do you think the Good Lord made your eyes?" Freshman year through the social service organization Philipps Brooks House Ed Jezak and I worked at Norfolk House near Dudley Station in Roxbury providing exercise, games, and recreation for youngster around nine or ten years of age. Akira Chiba was in charge at the settlement house. I remember sophomore Al Levin one time invited a group of us to dinner. David Bos was one of the Philipps Brooks members that year, and I know that Peter Gunness remained active through his four years of college and long afterward. Peter Gunness and I were in Air Force Reserve medics early 1960s. In leisure time 1953-4 I would often visit my West Roxbury neighbors and high school classmates Ed Galvin and Jim Sullivan in Straus Hall on the edge of Harvard Yard. Jim had been treasurer of the school magazine TRIPOD, which I had edited, and my father had tutored Ed in Latin - sports cut into his study time. We knew their families well. They roomed with Bob Livingston and Chapman Runyon from the Middle Atlantic area. Downstairs from them were Mike Demetrios, son of a sculptor, and Art Bearse, Fred Hird, and Richard Iverson. Jim Sullivan and Mike Demetrios had NROTC scholarships to become Naval Officers, and Ed Galvin wound up in the Marines. A substantial percentage of our class were preparing to serve as military officers. Nearsightedness and partial color-blindness limited my options. Lamont undergraduate library was fairly new when we were freshmen, in the southeast corner of Harvard Yard across from the Union Dining Hall. Required course readings were put on reserve, so they would be available. I particularly enjoyed the music and art collections and periodicals and materials on college history. Later the adaptation of the library for co-educational use was resisted for a time by the faculty and administration, but ultimately the problem was worked out. One time freshman year Mike Demetrios was --time-locked in the library after ten pm closing, and security personnel had to bring him out through an underground tunnel to Widener, the main University Library. I became familiar with the great scholarly resources of Widener sophomore year, when I took Crane Brinton's course on eighteenth century France. The Winthrop House Library was a relaxing sunken site in C entry with wonderful long soft leather couches to enjoy after a day of study, sports, and hiking considerable distances to classes and up and down stairs. People routinely walked up and down three or four flights of stairs many times a day - perhaps one of the more healthful aspects of college life. I used to come back in my law school days and noted that backfield football star Chester Boulris '60 shared my enthusiasm for the Winthrop library long couches both for study and naps. I wonder where they were manufactured and to what specifications? Hidden away in the underground stacks west of the reading room the book collection had a wonderfully illustrated 1920s copy of Yashiro's book on Sandro Botticelli, and a fine collection of the plays of George Bernard Shaw, who was a Fabian socialist and therefore of interest to me as an Economics Major. The Winthrop library also had "Logical Positivism" by the Austrian Richard von Mises, which set out in an orderly manner many of the ideas of scientific method that interested Bridgman and Boring. My junior or senior year, the Winthrop House Library became a repository for about ten or a dozen photos of the colonial Massachusetts Winthrop family, including an astronomer and other scientists besides patriots and political leaders. Historian Samuel Eliot Morison spoke at the dedication. My father had a great interest in his two-volume life of Christopher Columbus, "Admiral of the Ocean Sea" We were permitted to utilize other house libraries. and I especially read Greek at Eliot House- the Aristophanes comedies and Verrall's interpretive "Euripides the Rationalist".SOPHOMORE YEAR My friend Paul Beatty was and is a great salesman and influenced my selection of Harvard College in 1953 and Winthrop House as dormitory 1954. I had little personal contact with the House Master Ronald Ferry, a microbiologist, as I never had grade or discipline problems and did not take his courses. I first enrolled in Social Relations as a major and took Roger Brown's Social Relations 117 Social Psychology fall 1954 [emphasis on psychology of speech, and we read Professor Gordon Allport's "The Nature of Prejudice" in reading period] but was rather intimidated by the abnormal psychology we read in department tutorial Catcher in the Rye, Gide, and similar things - tutor was personally pleasant, but I decided this was not what I wanted to do. At beginning of Spring term 1955 I changed to History as a major and took Crane Brinton's History of France 1917-1815 and Visiting Professor Stampp on American History post-1865.Stampp defended the idealism of the pro-black Reconstruction activists, who were frustrated by Northern apathy, President Andrew Johnson, and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan and Jim Crow laws and disenfranchisement of southern blacks in 1870s. I read Brinton's books on "European Intellectual History" and "The Lives of Talleyrand". Talleyrand was a durable French diplomat who changed sides many times between Bourbons, Napoleon, and the Orleans prince Louis-Philippe. When the extreme Jacobins were in power, he went into exile, and he was involved in extortion and scandals in the United States. However, he won a mild treaty for France from the conservative powers in 1815 at the Congress of Vienna based on the principles he enunciated of "legitimacy, security, compensation" and "Status quo ante". Brinton's book concluded that Talleyrand was basically loyal to the interests of the French people, though he changed parties often. When Talleyrand was dying, he was in great pain and told King Louis-Philippe he was feeling the tortures of hell. Louis-Philippe answered, "Already?" I remember that the history tutorial was very good - especially reading the Roman historian Tacitus and perhaps Gibbon again. I am trying to remember if the tutor was a Dr. Meyer, or else Bob Feer, who was very friendly in Winthrop House. Fall 1954 I took the more advanced Chemistry 2 with the colorful Leonard Nash, and came out with an A- based on high exam grades, though my lab section man disliked the handwriting in my laboratory notebook and took off points - the lab counted only twenty per cent of the grade. As the twig is bent, so grows the tree - perhaps that kept me from acareer in medicine or science. I was in Economics I in Robert Dederick's section, using Paul Samuelson's very popular textbook in one of the most popular courses the college offered. Memories of the Great Depression of the 1930s were still vivid to most adults, so full employment and the multiplier concept of British John Maynard Keynes were emphasized. We usually met three times a week in sections in Lamont Library, and I think Warren Farrell, Rodney Long, Paul Macdonald, and perhaps Dominic Repetto were in the same section I was. Occasionally the hundreds of students would be gathered for a special lecture by Arthur Smithies, head of the course, or MIT's Paul Samuelson, who wrote the remarkably good textbook. My mother had been an ecomomics and sociology major at Mount Holyoke College, and I switched to an Economics Major junior year and wound up writing my senior honors thesis "Current Economic Factors Affecting Boston Hospitals" with the distinguished Canadian-born Winthrop-House-affiliated John Kenneth Galbraith as my thesis advisor. I first heard of him when we read about his concept of "countervailing power" in his book "American Capitalism" Fall 1954 in Paul Cherington's Government 155a Government Regulation of Industry. Since the 1930s it has become clear that large oligopolistic corporations have great power to set prices and wages to maximize their profits in ways that were never contemplated in simplistic early models of "perfect competition" in the days of Adam Smith 1760 or David Ricardo 1820. Galbraith observed that where powerful corporations concentrated power, unions and consumer groups were most likely to feel the need for countervailing organization to balance the equation.


104-#1494 Forks High School 2001 graduates HARVARD COLLEGE 1953-7 Recollections Second-Final Part


HARVARD college recollections 1953-7 concluding part - NOTE ADDITIONS if you received early draft - especially PAUL and CATHY BEATTY - note part about Cathy's lead role in Winthrop House 1956 Gershwin producton "Of Thee I Sing' ---TEXT: There was a grand piano in the Winthrop House Junior Common Room in H Entry east of the dining hall across from Lowell House - probably a Steinway. I spent a great deal of time using the piano -I had a Schirmer book with "59 Piano Solos" including Chopin A Major Military Polonaise, Johann Strauss Blue Danube Waltz, Schubert Moment Musical in f minor and Military March,Handel Largo in G from opera Xerxes, Wagner Tannhauser Act 3 march, Verdi Aida Triumphal March, Brahms Waltz in A flat, opus 28, Mozart Turkish Rondo, Thomas Under the Leaves, Beethoven Minuet in G. Long relaxed mealtimes gave almost unlimited opportunity to get to know students from classes 1955 through 1959, and then in my law school years, I got to know many later arrivals college classes 1960-62. My friend Paul Beatty was the son of a wholesale pharmacist in Waltham, and he decided to take Joseph Palamountain's spring 1955 Government 155b, which included the drug industry and others. Paul roomed with future U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, who had returned to Winthrop House after two years in the Army. I spent considerable time in their room on the third floor of Winthrop C entry, where roommates included George Anderson, who played baseball, William "Bing" Crosby, and Roger Martin with a set of drums. In 1950 Paul and I were members of a school debating team which defeated a Milton Academy team of which Ted was a member - after years in Hawaii I did not know much about the Kennedys at that time, but my mother was interested to see Ted on the Milton team, and at the end of the spring term 1955, she was delighted one time when Ted dropped off my laundry at our West Roxbury home, because I was on my way up to New Hampshire. She never forgot his friendliness and courtesy. I do remember playing touch football with Ted and Paul and others along the strip of grass between Winthrop House and the Charles River, and swimming with them in the pool at the old Indoor Athletic Building on Holyoke Street and numerous conversations in the Winthrop House Dining Hall. I also audited the public speaking courses English N and Q, which both Paul and Ted took 1954-5 with Mr. Verlaine upstairs behind the great organ in the Busch-Reisinger German museum, where E Power Biggs used to record his radio organ concerts. I remember Ted tried a special dramatic style for one talk about an amphibious landing on a Pacific island, rather like some of his brother Jack's 1943 experience. He had a project of translating the sentence "Everybody loves Saturday night" into ten or twelve languages. At that time I was not proficient in German, but I remember I was puzzled because my mother would say "Wie geht es?" as one syllable and Ted would make it two. Recently I have been reading a 1916 Paul Bacon text, which indicates, the letter E is often silent in German word endings, so my mother was probably using the correct informal pronunciation, while Ted was using the more formal literary or stage version - so both were justified. I was invited to join a tutorial group conducted by Winthrop-House-affiliated Government tutor Fred Holborn, son of a historian and long-time John Kennedy staff member. Ted and Paul were both in this excellent tutorial on "Government Regulation of Industry", and after they graduated Fred conducted a similar tutorial on Constitutional Law, which Louis Newell, Phil Haughey, Fritz Schwartz, Charley Steedman, and I and some others attended autumn 1956 my senior year. Spring 1955 in the Winthrop Junior Common Room, I began playing chess first I think with senior Bill Foote class of 1955 and then with the very talented Richard Karp, a Boston Latin grad who has gone on to a remarkable career in computer science at Berkeley CA and University of Washington. He has been honored by the government of Israel and has developed special computer applications in medicine and biology. At first he was much better than I was, but by the end of spring term, I could make a game at least competitive. His motto in chess was "Play for complications". We often used the Sicilian Defense, where Black answers P-QB4 when White opens P-K4. Winthrop House had an annual musical production - in 1955 Richard Smithies directed an excellent performance of Gilbert and Sullivan "GONDOLIERS" which I had not previously seen. Richard Cowperthwaite '56 played the Grand Inquisitor. Junior year 1955-6 Bob Barnett, Peter Nathan, Jan Basch and I were involved in some of the business and promotional aspects of the Mikado production. Jan Basch, who was friendly with my old neighbors Mike Berger, Jim Harrison, and Bob Dubinsky, showed a remarkable ability to sell advertising in the programmes for the musical by telephone. Sophomore year 1955 I attended an excellent performance of Euripides ALCESTIS by the Adams House Dramatic Society - Laurence Johnson '57 was Apollo, and Colin Chase '56 was Heracles. Dubinsky, Harrison and Berger were on the fourth floor of Lowell D Entry, where I often visited after Lamont Library closed at ten pm. They had a fine record collection, and mobiles, and simple bookcases of loose bricks. They were active in the Harvard Dramatic Club on the organizational side, while Steve Aaron directed memorable performances of Arthur Miller's "Death of a Salesman" junior year [Dean Gitter, Colgate Salsbury, Colin Chase in the cast] and Hamlet senior year with Colgate Salsbury in title role. John Poppe and John Ratte were active in the HDC also.Around 1956 Paul Beatty's fiancee Cathy Connolly had the lead role in a Winthrop House production of the George-and-Ira Gershwin musical comedy "Of Thee I Sing" concerning the campaign of "Wintergreen for President" and "Throttlebottom for Vice-President". Cathy has remained active singing and recording, and several of their daughters have attended Harvard. For two years I roomed in Winthrop B entry third floor with George Cronin from Waterbury Connecticut. He had a fine classical record collection, from which I particularly remember the 1762 Horn Concerto in D of Franz Joseph Haydn - sometimes called "Concerto for Hunting Horn". Although simple in some ways, it remains a favorite of mine - I have been trying to obtain a copy of the score. I have read it was written for the same performer as the four later Mozart horn concertos, but somehow it creates a very different,ethereal suggestive mood, - is this my imagination, or can some musically sophisticated reader figure out why this is so? I have listened to a great deal of Haydn's music including the better known E flat Trumpet concerto, but this simple Horn concerto has a special appeal. Recollecting various reasons why I did not perservere in labs and pre-med study, I recollect George Cromin at times returning with dismal stories of misadventures in organic chemistry lab. Like myself, he had trouble deciding on a major and wound up in History and Science, under I. Bernard Cohen. George was active in the Harvard Sailing Club, along with Sed Weske, and he joined the Harvard Lampoon, the humor magazine, along with Bob McIlwaine, John Talbot, and the sacred Ibis. George's personality has changed over the years, but he used to tell a Lampoon joke "I'm going to hell - all my friends will be there". George's younger sister Pat attended Radcliffe college. Bill Cleary, Mario Celi, Artie Noyes, and Ralph Beckett, distinguished hockey stars of 1956 class lived one floor down in B entry, and I later got to know them all well. I continued to follow basketball, and near the end of spring term I stayed in Cambridge after exams and got better acquainted with 1955 Captain Roger Bulger now a doctor and his roommates Dick Manning, Rollin Perry and John Desmond - John did not play basketball but came from Milton and has become a labor lawyer - his brother Rick Desmond was Winthrop House 1959. I found the outdoor Commencement Week extremely impressive, especially West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who spoke and received an honorary degree. I think it was in one of the history courses Stampp's or Crane Brinton's that I used to see Peter Hobbs, who was taking G. Wallace Woodworth's Music 1, which I began auditing and took junior year 1955-6. Woodworth had a particular interest in vocal music, including William Byrd and madrigals of the English Renaissance and the songs of Franz Schubert, including der Erlkonig and die Forelle. I was especially fond of "Standchen", but I have forgotten whether that was from Woodworth's course. I found an RCA recording by Marian Andersen of Standchen and "Ave Maria". I attended a performance of the Beethoven violin concerto by Hungarian violinist Joseph Szgeti, who helped bring Bela Bartok to the United States in 1940 at the beginning of World War II. In leisure time I sometimes went over to see former Matthews neighbors Peter Nathan and Bill Hoppe and their new roommates Bart Hoebel and Rick Steckel in Winthrop House's K entry- an old fashioned wood double-decker on the east edge of the brick main Winthrop buildings with a fine view along the Charles River. Peter had a set of the Toscanini recordings of the nine Beethoven symphonies. I went to a few football games, though my autumn Saturdays were often occupied with study, hiking, or family and off-campus activities - after graduation I would get to know more of the football players. Spring 1955 I tried out for Baseball manager squad, though I learned Gregory Leonardos had been doing it for a year already. I did get to know many of the baseball players - manager Norm Shepherd, pitcher Bill Chauncey 1955, the Cleary brothers - Bill '56 and Bob '58 pitcher Bob McGinnis '57 Phil Haughey, Matt Botsford, John Copeland,John Simourian, Bob Hastings and quite a few more. In the 1950s during graduation-senior week a Harvard-Yale tradtional baseball game used to draw a large crowd and give everyone a final sendoff.Another enjoyable audit spring 1955 Tuesday and Thursday noons was Professor Harbarge's Shakespeare course English 124. Among the most helpful books on Shakespeare besides Harbage's, I recommend Marchette Chute's "Shakespeare of London" and the seven volume Geoffrey Bullough "Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare's plays, and Holinshed's Chronicles, source of ten plays, and Plutarch's Lives of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, and Brutus, and second-century-AD Lucian, main source of "Timon of Athens". JUNIOR YEAR I probably should have taken lab courses in the pre-med sequence, but I decided to take Natural Sciences 2, with Physics Professors Edwin C. Kemble and Gerald Holton, and a good section man named Carleton. In some ways it was a little too easy for me at that stage, but it fulfilled the General Education Requirements - Kemble was a highly motivated older teacher very anxious to explain relativity and advanced concepts, and Gerald Holton is still active at Harvard, and I have been very much interested in 1990s in his studies funded by U.S. Navy on women's careers in physics, especially at the post-graduate level. He found that before 1978 only one out of forty U.S. physics post-docs were female, but after 1978 the ratio improved to one in seven. This means there are still many women who could be physicists who either are unable to pursue careers or do not wish to. Junior year I also took Market structure Economics 161 with visiting Professor Bishop of MIT and Money and Banking with fall term 1955 Federal Reserve Banker J.H. Williams and spring term leading Keynesian theorist Alvin Hansen, who was concerned about the danger of chronic unemployment from "secular stagnation". The work of Hungarian-Harvard economist Joseph Schumpeter was influential - he figured that the entrepreneur and innovation are crucial to prosperity - that monetary tinkering will not yield growth without business leadership and new technology. My tutor junior year was Mr. Henderson of Winthrop House, and senior year Ken Galbraith. The summer of 1956 I took Economic Theory Economics 106a and the lecture half of Chemistry 20 Organic Chemistry with professors Vanelli and Yates. I remember that Jack Evjy was in Chem 20 that summer and then has had a distinguished career in cancer medicine and was briefly editor of New England Journal of Medicine. We used Fieser and Fieser's textbook, and I remember alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, stereoisomers, aldehydes, ketones, esters, ethers, aromatic hydrocarbons. However, I also remember Louis Fieser senior year giving a public lecture denying that smoking causes cancer. People make mistakes, but one wonders whether financial conflicts of interest contribute to such behavior. Harvard chemist James Bryan Conant enthusiastically advocated use of atomic bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but on the other hand George Kistiakowsky as science advisor warned President Eisenhower of the dangerous influence of the military-industrial complex, and he and his wife Vera became leaders in arms control. My good friend Louis Newell took me one time to hear McGeorge Bundy in Govermment 185, but Bundy proved to be one of the few Harvard people I really disliked - it turned out he was to play a deplorable role in the Vietnam War and also in violations of trusts relating to the Arnold Arboretum - I do not consider any of the botanists responsible, but Arboretum director Karl Sax a distinguished geneticist was fired summarily, and many longtime Arboretum friends such as Mrs Ellery Sedgwick withdrew. I have no criticism of the botanists who bravely carried on after 1955, but I regret the role of Bundy and some of the Harvard lawyers. Lou Newell I think suggested Fine Arts 13 as good course to audit - with Winthrop House's Jim Fowle, who lived with his wife and small children in J Entry. I remember him talking about Monet and the Impressionists and Cezanne's use of color to creat depth and discussing the movement of the viewpoint of the observer in many moderm artists. Classical perspective sought to show a scene from a single viewpoint, with attention to size of objects as they actually appear on the retina. Picasso has many startling examples of a moved viewing point --on a single canvas a head will be seen both fromally and in side view. This was not entirely new in the twentieth century, as Edouard Manet in a picture of a waitress at the Follies-Bergere has a gentleman talking to her appearing much larger than he really would in a mirror - he might be the painter himself as in Velasquez' view of the Spanish royal family of Philip IV - or he might be the viewer - who becomes a character in the scene - but the viewpoint is enlarged, in a manner increasingly understood in the twentieth century. Fowle also commented on the limpness of the baby in Picasso's 1937 Guernica - babies do go through an age phase where their muscles are very limp when they sleep. Jim Fowle had young children and this time, and I baby-sat for the Fowles in J Entry at least once. At various times I audited Bruce Hopper's course on International Diplomacy, Bullitt on eighteenth century English literature where Jack Bate made guest lectures [Bob Owen was taking the course, and they spent much time on Jonathan Swift], Arthur Schlesinger American Intellectual History - I remember discussions of Karl Schurz, Edward Bellamy's "Looking Backward", Robert Albion Oceanic History History 168, a few chemisty lectures of Professor Lingane in Quantitative Analysis - I think experiments had to be accurate to one part in ten thousand. Junior year 1955-6 for several months I audited Social Sciences 4 - anthropological with Clyde Kluckhohn and Henry Murray - Peter Nathan and Bob Leet and his future wife Helena Pellegrini Radcliffe 1958 were in the course, and I think perhaps Bob Barnett also. Zen Buddhism in Japan was one of the many cultural topics. Some years later I sat next to Henry Murray at a Phil Beta Kappa dinner in the Fogg courtyard -I remember him using the word 'guru', which I had not heard before. The Economics 106a course was a useful preparation for departmental exams, as we studied the ideas and writings of Adam Smith, David Ricardo, James and John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, John Maynard Keynes and others. Other influential economists discussed at various phases were Thorstein Veblen - partly a sociologist with his ironic "Pecuniary canons of taste" - Thomas Malthus with his gloomy view - the Fabian socialists including Beatrice and Sidney Webb and George Bernard Shaw and various health care advocates such as Stafford Cripps and Aneurein Bevan in the Atlee Labor government 1940s-1950 in Britain, and Harry Truman's advisor Oscar Ewing in 1948. My family had enjoyed the benefits of Navy medical care during our years in Hawaii in World War 2, and I was at least interested in the idea of universal health care. On the other hand, my father's half-brother William Joseph Barrett for a number of years was in charge of Policyholders Service Bureau at Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of New York and later company Secretary 1951-62 so I saw materials on the viewpoint of the largest health insurance company, which developed group plans for employers and tried to lower premiums by preventing accidents, tuberculosis, and venereal dieases. Subsequent experience has shown that government can contribute to better health care, but there are few easy or complete solutions. The teaching hospitals have especial problems still today as when I wrote in 1957. Galbraith was patient and helpful and a remarkable person to know. His early work was in agriculture, and he was in the World War 2 Office of Price Administration OPA with Chester Bowles. He had been a speech writer for Adlai Stevenson and others but became more famous later as Kennedy's Ambassador to India and author of many books such as "The Affluent Society". I took Economics 181 with John Dunlop still active at Harvard and a stimulating lecturer who collaborated on a Labor text with Archibald Cox. In the reading period we read Arthur Goldberg's "AFL-CIO Labor United" - an account how Goldberg played a major role in forming a federation of most of the major labor unions, though Teamsters and others subsequently withdrew. Goldberg became a member of United States Supreme Court. Fall 1956 I took an enjoyable course on the nineteenth century English novel with Visiting Professor James Craig from Amherst College. I had know his teen-age son Jamie from Camp Kabeyun 1953-54. We read Jane Austin's 'Emma', Charlotte Bronte's 'Jane Eyre', 'Vanity Fair of Thackeray' [sixpence a year and Becky Sharp] 'Bleak House' of Charles Dickens, 'Barchester Towers' of Trollope, George Meredith's 'The Egoist', 'Middlemarch' of George Eliot, and 'The Wings of the Dove' of Henry James. I also took James Munn's course on the Old Testament English 35 and Robert McClosky's Government 124 Constitutional Law and Psychology 148 Cognitive Process in Personality with Jerome Bruner and George Miller. They discussed the child development observations of French Georges Piaget, and like the gestalt researchers, emphasized that cognition is a complex, structured process, not easily reduced to behavioristic stimulus-and-response. I remember Bob Leet was in that class and went on to University of Albany Medical School, some time in the space program and then clinic practice connected with Massachusetts General Hospital in Charlestown I believe. I audited some of his father's Geology 1 lectures and Professor Kummel's, and in 1962 I heard Professor Leet the Harvard seismologist, argue that underground nuclear explosions can be differentiated from earthquakes because of the ways different types of waves act on reacting the liquid core of the earth. There are S and P waves that behave differently on reaching the liquid layer, so underground nuclear test bans are verifiable. At various times I listened in on Professors Raper and Griffin in Biology 1, Natural Sciences 1 with George Wald, Natural Sciences 114 'The Behavior of Organisms' with B. F. Skinner, a humanities course on 'Ideas of Good and Evil' with J.B. Rhinelander, Government 1 Political Theory with William Yandell Elliott, Victor Key on Parties, Politics, and Pressure Groups, and Sam Beer's Social Sciences 2 course. I audited Howard Mumford Jones's course on American literature, where no one was admitted after 9:07 AM- strictly enforced with a large audience in Sanders Theater, and on the other hand I audited Paul Tillich's course on Philosopy of Religion, with his great stress on spiritual love - AGAPE, where late arrivals were warmly and forgivingly welcomed like lost sheep returning to the fold. My mother was one of a number of parents who served on a visting committee on the Harvard dining halls - she became friendly with Mrs. Walcott, as they both dined four or five times at Dunster House. My mother also attended a session of Howard Mumford Jones's course, and heard a talk by President Nathan Pusey and one by John Finley on 'the classics at Oxford when he returned from a sabbatical. Senior year sponsored by Ed Galvin, I joined Pi Eta Club, - an extravagance, but it led to many lasting friendships, and my father and mother attended many dinners there which Cecil Saunders and Norm Wood prepared. I got to know most of the Harvard hockey players and attended many games beginning winter 1956-7. Bill and Bob Cleary and Bobby [E. Robert] Owen introduced me to many other people, including Dan Ullyot, John Copeland, Bob McVey,Frank Bachinsky and a great many of the classes of 1958, 1959, and later 1960. I already knew many of the swimmers in Winthrop House, Griff Winthrop, Tom Cochran, Greg Stone, Koni Ulbrich, Bill Boeckler. Senior year I roomed with Ted Davidson, a crew enthusiast who grew up in Panama Canal Zone and I believe died in an accident not long after college. Graduation week there was as usual excellent weather, and a good chance to visit with many classmates and their families, and in many cases girl friends and wives. My old neighbor Ed Galvin was married to Audrey Nolan of West Roxbury summer 1956, went in the Marines, - now has eight children. The majority of classmates waited until after graduation, but many of the Pi Eta friends are still married to the girls they were dating in 1957. My high school French teacher Joseph Sasserno used to say, "L'appetit vient en mangeant" (APPETITE COMES AS YOU EAT) In preparing this memoir of Harvard College, I am struck how much of the material comes from Winthrop House, part of the 1920s House System developed by President Lowell with the aid of Albert Harkness. June 29 I have outlined Part 3. I shall list probably over a hundred persons I remember from Winthrop House and have not yet mentioned. House Master Ronald Ferry retired in 1957, but I know his successor historian David Owen was popular, and one time I heard his talk on the 1843 introduction of the Christmas tree to Britain - the 'Tannenbaum' had been a German custon, and when Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Cobourg, the custom spread to Britain. As an undergrad I was only slightly acquainted with Government tutor Stanley Hoffman, but I have for many years followed his distinguished career in International Relations, most recently as head of the Center for European Studies. He advised one of his grad students on the study and translation of the works of the French labor leader Proud'hon, who rejected the Marxist concept of a centralized dictatorship of the proletariat. Jared Diamond asked me how I liked Winthrop House, and I was enthusiastic, so he ended up joining us there. Sometimes we played chess - he was greatly improved from high school and must have studied knight forks in particular. I had known Paul Kirk since he was in eighth grade, and I got to know his Winthrop 1960 roommates Hank Keohane, Alby Cullen, and their friends Walker Kimball, Sam Halaby,Hank Morgan, John Niles and more. Premed David Connor 1962 was outstandingly successful in attracting new funding for Pi Eta Club when he was its president. In the 1980s I attended an excellent performance in Winthrop Senior Common Room of one of Schubert's two trios for piano, violin, and cello.


104-#1495 Forks seniors 2001


CLAXTON p 63 #1152 Year: 1936text p 63-1152 C-L-A-X-T-O-N p. 206 Ch. xix Command of the Destroyer CLAXTON: Late in l935 while Executive Officer of the HANNIBAL Jack received orders to command the destroyer USS CLAXTON, based in Norfolk Virginia. The CLAXTON had four four-inch fifty caliber guns, one three inch 23 caliber AA four twenty-one inch type torpedo tubes. Authorized November 4, l9l7, Commissioned September 13, l9l9. Went out of commission June 1922. It was 314 feet 4 1/2 inches long.thirty feet 11 1/4 width draft nine feet. Displacement 1154 tons. Built Navy Yard Mare Island. Speed 35.45 knots two masts. She had eight wardroom officer space ten petty officers and one hundred four enlisted men. It was named for midshipman Claxton, l8l2. She was transferred to the British in l940 as part of the Lend Lease program. Lt. Cdr. J. B. Barrett relieved Commander F. E. Fitch of command of USS CLAXTON on 8 November l935. Admiral Hayne Ellis was the Squadron Commander. In December l935 he wrote: "My dear Barrett This is just a note to wish you and yours,your officers and men a Very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. We have had a busy year and I want you to know how greatly pleased I am with the fine results you have gotten.It is a great pleasure to me to command such a smart efficient squadron.I hope all hands have a delightful Christmas and that the New Year brings much joy And happiness to each and every one." + On November 27,l935 Jack's father -referred to as "Pa" Barrett- wrote to Jack on the CLAXTON from his home at 640 East Seventh Street in South Boston:"Dear Jack,I received your welcome letter& I was glad to learn that you are in command of the CLAXTON. Ma had been in bed for three months.-at present she seems to be comfortable & a little better than she has been (diabetes).By the way, Christmas is coming,& I hope both of you will visit us.Will try to make it pleasant as possible if it isn't too cold for you Southerners. I will tell the weatherman to keep the weather mild & warm.I had tomatoes growing in the garden until November 23, & next day was the coldest in fifty-four years at this date.Now it is warm & clear.Bill called up the other night.I have only two hens,but I will get five more next week.Jimmie Snow came the other day,& his old friend Jack Frost came tagging after him.I hadn't seen him since March l6,and he left town that day,& I would not care if he never came back.We will expect that you both will see your way clear to come home for Christmas if possible,& I will give Bill the same hint-but I believe he will be here if possible-Pa Barrett" (John Robert Barrett was born in Boston November 29,l854). The next month from "Pa" Barrett: "640 E 7 St. Dec. 21st l935 Well Folks i am at it again and as usual i Have Nothing to say Other than Wish You both a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Prosperous New Year We Would Like to have You With us, but as the Weather will be cold and stormy at this time, it would take the pleasure out of the trip. But i will keep a pack of cards ready so you can beat me. Bill said he would be here for Christmas. i was at the beach yesterday with the Pup. i bought 4 chickens and i would be Better without Them as They Don't Lay and i don't think they will very soon. But if they have any in their Jeenes (genes) i will get them. i have ordered a nice fresh turkey so i will be ready. The two calendars from the Tow Boat Company came yesterday.If you come up, i will give you one.Joe Buckley called up asking for you both.i hope you have a good trip in your new boat and that you will like it.Ma is comfortable as can possibly be expected. My- Old Jack Frost is here now and i Expect his chum Jimmie Snow will Call to see Him - Pa" -- C-L-A-X-T-O-N beginning p. 206 of main memoir] Ch. xix COMMAND OF THE DESTROYER CLAXTON: Late in l935 while Executive Officer of the HANNIBAL Jack received orders to command the destroyer USS CLAXTON,USS 140 based in Norfolk Virginia.[Major events of this year included Carribean landing force exercises in winter months and training of Annapolis midshipmen in summer centered at Gardiners Bay, Long Island. In April 1936, John Barrett junior was born. Sophie recounts:] "On the ninth of April,l936 when John junior was born,the CLAXTON was at the Naval Operating Base at Norfolk.Early that morning I told Jack I had telephoned the obstetrician who advised me to enter Norfolk Protestant Hospital at once.But Jack said he absolutely had to go to the ship that Thursday,& off he went with the promise to return as soon as possible to take me to the hospital.I must have misunderstood the amount & importance of what he had to do, as I was all packed, dressed, & ready to leave the third floor apartment at ten in the morning. When he p. 217 failed to return by lunch time I was concerned, but I fixed lunch for myself & then sat at the window to await his arrival.Tense & nervous lest the baby arrive while I was alone,I was not too cordial when he arrived at four o'clock or later, explaining that he couldn't get away as he was in command of the five destroyers which were to cruise midshipmen that summer - he had a great deal of work to do & papers to sign relating to those cruises.He got me to the hospital at 5:30 in the afternoon, & John was born at eight in the evening. Some months later I went back for a checkup, and a doctor absentmindedly asked me, "And when are we expecting?" In the early part of 1936 the CLAXTON traveled from Norfolk to the Virgina Islands and Puerto Rico, and Guillermo Medina many years a Naval Hydrographic Engineer wrote his recollections in 1970:[Sophie Barrett text:] "From Guillermo Medina for many years in the Washington Hydrographic Office ,John received a letter 27 February 1970 from which I give several excerpts:"Yes, I had the pleasure of knowing your father and at his invitation going to St. Thomas on board the destroyer CLAXTON in January 1936. The ship was first scheduled to stop at San Juan, but on the second day out from Norfolk was directed to proceed directly to St. Thomas, where Secretary Ickes had already arrived for an inspection. I managed to catch a ride to San Juan on a Marine fighter plane after arriving in St. Thomas. Blanton Winship served as Governor of Puerto Rico during the period 1934-1939. I also served on the HANNIBAL as a hydrographic engineer from January 1923 to December 1924 after which I was transferred to USS NIAGARA- another survey ship-serving aboard that vessel until April 1930 when I was transferred to the home office in Washington, D.C. The shallow pinnacle mentioned in your letter was previously unknown.Mr. Vincent Miscoski, U.S. Naval Hydrographer's Office, Suitland, Maryland might be able to give you information on the Hydrographic Office, as he has done considerable research about the Hydrographic Office, as the Naval Oceanographic Office was formerly known. Hope I have been of some help.P.S. As I remember your dad, I believe his hair was red and wavy." (Guillermo Medina). RADIO MESSAGES - In 1969 Sophie and John Barrett found much valuable information in copies of CLAXTON radio messages. In these they noticed the name of future CBS TV newsman Richard C. Hottelet, then an apprentice seaman- and the birth of a baby to Lt. and Mrs. Orlin Livdahl- Livdahl became Rear Admiral and Gunnery Officer of carrier ENTERPRISE in Solomon Islands fall 1942 - authorized September 1942 by Admiral Chester Nimitz to re-design placement of new Swedish Bofors guns so that their firing angle was increased, and space for four additional airplanes was made available on the ENTRPRISE flight deck.[See Guadalcanal: The Carrier Wars" by Eric Hammel.] There were other personal items of interest concerning Captain Frank Delahanty and hydrographer Guillermo Medina in Puerto Rico and the training of Annapolis midshipmen at Gardiners Bay, Long Island (winter and smmer 1936).(Sophie Barrett text resumes after radio messages). CLAXTON RADIO MESSAGES 1935-6 [Delahanty, Hottelet] From the radio messages of the C-L-A-X-T-O-N we learn much about her while Jack was in command. November 11, l935 from Bureau of Engineering to the CLAXTON:NYD Norfolk letter 8 November CLAXTON starboard turbines. In view of satisfactory condition, Turbines, lifting casings not authorized. ## December 28 CLAXTON assigned berth option north side pier 3 Norfolk.## Jan 2 l936 TAYLOR anchored Naval anchorage Hampton Roads. Request tug in morning if fog lifts. (The TAYLOR, commanded by Walter Calhoun worked with the CLAXTON in the Marine Exercises. Calhoun was senior to Jack.)##January 2, l936 ARKANSAS, WYOMING (in group with TAYLOR and CLAXTON) Be prepared to get under way 0730 Tuesday 7 January.Standard speed twelve knots.TAYLOR, CLAXTON under way at discretion after departure of battleships.## January 7, l936. ARKANSAS, WYOMING sailing delayed by fog until 1600 today Tuesday. TAYLOR, CLAXTON proceed at discretion 0800. Norfolk radio 1 pm weather dense fog, wind northwest 7, visibility five hundred feet.TAYLOR to CLAXTON: dense fog Thimble Shoal. Channel visibility one hundred yards.Fog conditions improving to west. Expect better visibility late afternoon. No fog off Hatteras. (Jack used to quote an old nautical saying-"Never talk north of Hatteras about anything that happened south of Hatteras."##January 9 Latitude 28 degrees 14' N Longitude 71 degrees 24' Barometer 30.06 wind south force 2 weather clear.Visibility thirty miles Sea smooth. ARKANSAS,WYOMING expect arrive Culebra 1600 12 January. ARKANSAS has one Marine warrant officer.WYOMING forty-four enlisted for 09M at Saint Thomas.##Provided no interference with plane guard duties CLAXTON meet ARKANSAS,WYOMING on arrival at Culebra.Embark passengers and proceed immediately to Saint Thomas to disembark passengers.## Message from UNALGA to CLAXTON January 11 Message for Commander Barrett. Had heard of your transfer to CLAXTON. Hoping to see you before UNALGA departs for Baltimor in two weeks.## 10 January Flying to san Juan this morning. My appreciation to all of you (Guillermo) Medina, (Naval Hydrographic Office) ## To CLAXTON from radio St. Thomas January 11. Governor Cramer in St. Croix. Will be back about six pm. Suggest you call to pay official respects at 6:00 pm. ## 11 January To CLAXTON from radio St. Thomas.Make preparations for receiving governor returning in boat with Captain (Barrett) at 18:50 today .## OOD send boat for Captain immediately (18:10) ## 12 January ARKANSAS and WYOMING arrive Culebra. CLAXTON: liberty, fishing parties may be granted at discretion of C.O. today Sunday - to expire at 1800. ARKANSAS will send boat for Army officer observers to attend conference. Army officer observers in CLAXTON will be prepared to shift to ANTARES upon completion of conference. ## 12 January CLAXTON arrived Culebra. Requirements of fresh bread should be placed direct with ARKANSAS. ## 13 January Army officers now aboard ANTARES and WYOMING will remain aboard during exercises. ANTARES be prepared to receive three additional Army officers (212) now in TAYLOR and CLAXTON. Thirteen planes passed middle Mona passage 1530. ## January 14 ARKANSAS has one bag mail for CLAXTON. Mail for TAYLOR, CLAXTON and WOODCOCK at Culebra Post Office.RDO plane five miles east of Point Caleta. ## No can do, if convenient request TAYLOR arrange with dealers at Mayaguey for ice. ## OLP arrive San Juan 1600. ## 15 January In view of necessity for clear sides for landing exercises from WYOMING on Friday morning recommend TAYLOR and CLAXTON start fuelling tonight Wednesday immediately upon WYOMING return to anchorage about 1500. Have sufficient hose to take both vessels on port side. Ref. fuel requirements prior departure CLAXTON TAYLOR. TAYLOR will require 65,000 CLAXTON 50,000 gallons fuel prior to departure weekend liberty ports. WYOMING designated to fuel destroyers and arrange fueling as convenient any time after completion landing exercises Thursday 16 January. ## TAYLOR on station Mona passage. CLAXTON will participate landing exercise only if plane guard duty completed. FMF will fire 75 mm. guns on Point Salado between 1400 and 1700 Friday 17 January. Safety observers will be stationed to halt firing in order to permit necessary boat traffic. CLAXTON OOD 16 January Please send boat to Dewey dock at 13:45. ## To CLAXTON from ARKANSAS: Send for potatoes at 1600 today. ## January 17 Weekend at Mayaguez.Return Monday Culebra.## January 19 Expect to get under way about 2030.Standard speed fifteen knots. Will anchor Culebra about 0700 tomorrow. ##21 January CLAXTON will have ready duty aircraft -flight operations twenty-second January 1700. ## 21 January From WYOMING to CLAXTON, Captain- trousers found. Please send laundry Thursday. (213). Notify all hands including Army observers, Navy Department orders prohibit taking photographs of smoke screens used in connection with landing operations. ## 23 January Overnight liberty will be granted at San Juan. Liberty will expire at 1400 Sunday. TAYLOR to CLAXTON: Dinner and dance at Union Club, San Juan 2000 Saturday. Commanding officer and two officers will attend. Forward names of officers attending as soon as possible.- 1900 ## 23 January TAYLOR and CLAXTON will depart Culebra for San Juan about 0700 Saturday. Request all officers and men passengers be aboard at that time.Uniform for dinner and dance Union Club, San Juan service dress white. ## San Juan From University Athletic Corps to Comdrillon: Our baseball, basketball, and tennis teams are ready to play squadron teams either at Culebra if transportation is possible or at our grounds any Saturday or Sunday. Radio reply requested 24 January. ## 24 January TAYLOR to DCC Request working party to handle TAYLOR and CLAXTON lines on arrival about 1100 25 January. ## 24 January TAYLOR to CLAXTON: Under way about 0700 Saturday. Speed fifteen knots.Notify when passengers aboard and you are ready to get under way. ## From WYOMING to CLAXTON 23rd January. Commander Barrett's letter received. Will gladly get his shoes at St. Thomas and deliver them to you on Monday.- Delahanty. Plan to get under way 26 January. ## January 25 TAYLOR and CLAXTON arrived San Juan. (214) *anuary 26 TAYLOR to CLAXTON Liberty party will be landed in Division boats. Request CLAXTON motor launch soon after landing as practicable. ## From TAYLOR to First Battalion of Tenth Marines- Information CLAXTON: Request transportation be arranged for TAYLOR passengers forty-five Marines eight officers from Dewey to Camp Ellis sixteen hundred today.104 CLAXTON radio messages continued from 103 - ## 27 January WYOMING to CLAXTON: Commander Barrett's shoes were mailed from St. Thomas prior our arrival. I will come over tomorrow Tuesday and return money - Delahanty. #From CLAXTON to Comdrillon - Request permission get under way 1300 today.Tuesday for practice rehearsals vicinity Northwest Point. ## TAYLOR plans to get under way tomorrow morning 29 January ## 30 January Firing range eleven thousand yards southeast from Great Harbor. Friday 31 January Danger 0830-1030. Hundred pound bombs and thousand pound bombs will be dropped on Point Salado. Danger 1230-1400 all craft must keep at least two thousand yards from Point Salado during bombing.Proper observation point for bombing Point Voca 1820. ## 30 January TAYLOR to Comdrillon: Information CLAXTON: Desire to depart for San Juan not later than 0700 Saturday. Return Monday morning. ## 30 January The target for WYOMING practice two is changed from Yerba Cay to Cross Cay. ## Weekend of February 1 CLAXTON designated transport six Army officers observers Sixty-Fifth Infantry Culebra to San Juan Saturday. ## 1 February Commanding Officer First Battalion Dewey Landing. Seine Bay. There will be sightseeing ride for two hundred men enlisted in San Juan Sunday 2 February leaving from Centumo Ferry at 0900. (p.215) The Military Order of the World War Gonzales and Hostess invite fifty officers to a picnic luncheon at Baranquitos. Uniform for officers attending dinner and dance on the WYOMING at 2200 Saturday 1 February in honor of Governor of Puerto Rico and dance at Casino of Puero Rico at 2130 Sunday 2 February will be evening full dress Baker with wing collar. Marine and Army officers will wear appropriate white uniforms if available. If not available may wear khaki.All officers invited to attend both dances. ## Feb --- TAYLOR to CLAXTON: I am going to put motor sailer in water to send men ashore to handle lines. ## WYOMING to CLAXTON: Lieutenan Commander Barrett: Will be glad to let you have any quantity.Ship's store is well stocked. - Delahanty (our close friend in the Supply Corps.) ## 12 February TAYLOR and CLAXTON will fuel prior leaving Culebra. It is my intention to fuel after firing practice.CLAXTON will fuel immediately afterwards.## 12 February Governor Winship of Puerto Rico will arrive at Great Harbor by plane today at 1600. He will be received oficially at Camp Ellis.From there he will proceed to aviation field and onto ARKANSAS where he will be given full honors.Commanding officers may pay their respects any time after 1715. ## 12 February All passenger transportation by airplane will cease night of 13 February and no air transportation will be furnished after that.Reason: time required to check planes prior to departure for United States. (Commanding officer of TAYLOR is Walter Calhoun). (p. 216) #12 TAYLOR to Captain Barrett on CLAXTON. I am not wearing belt and sword. signed Calhoun.USS TAYLOR. ## 13 February ANTARES to CLAXTON Please have boat at Seine Bay dock at 1600 today Thursday for Captain White U.S. Army and personal baggage. ## 13 February Comdrillon to CLAXTON and TAYLOR: You are authorized to proceed today to Guantanamo to secure necessary fuel and provisions. ## 14 February From Comdrillon to ARKANSAS, WYOMING, TAYLOR, CLAXTON,WOODCOCK,Comaircraft: With completion of scheduled exercises Comdrillon desires to express to the officers and men who participated his great admiration for the splendid efficiency shown by all. ## 16 February Finished with air, Windward passage.## 17 February Under way to Hampton Roads from Windward Passage ## 17 February TAYLOR to CLAXTON: Latitude thirty-two degrees 19' Longitude seventy-four degrees fifteen ' sea smooth barometer thirty zero two (30.02) Visibility excellent.Temperature sixty-eight. ## 18 February CLAXTON granted berth option pier 3 alongside TAYLOR. ## 19 February CLAXTON from Commandant Fifth Naval District: Please consider official calls made and returned. ## 25 February Comdesron to CLAXTON: Examinations questions Ensign J.P. Costello forwarded via registered mail. Exam scheduled 2 March. (Insert material here about John's birth April 9, l936) After their return from the U. S. Fleet Exercise Number Two at Culebra Admiral Hayne Ellis Commander of the Training Squadron sent a messsage to the Commander of Destroyer Squadron Ten: Subject: Duty Performed by USS TAYLOR and CLAXTON during U.S. Fleet Landing Force Exercise Number Two: The TAYLOR and CLAXTON were under the direct command and observation of Commander Training Squadron from about 4 January until about 20 February l936.. During this time these vessels met every requirement smartly and efficiently. Their commanding officers and officers were always on the job whether plane guarding, transporting landing forces, or taking active part in the various exercises. The ships shot so well, showing consistent and proper preparation, training, and organization. They had on board officers of the United States Army who were loud in their praises of the courtesies extended and remarked upon this efficient handling.If the Commander Training Squadron were marking the commanding officers he would assign a rank of 3.9 for their performance of duties." (Walter B. calhoun was in command of TAYLOR and John B. Barrett was in command of CLAXTON).- Culebra, Puerto Rico 15 February l936 Hayne Ellis commander. (p. 217B) Admiral Sellers, Superintendant of the Naval Academy wrote to Commander Destroyer Squadron Ten: Subject: Destroyer cruises for Midshipmen summer l936 It gives me much pleasure to inform you that the cruises made by midshipmen on the CLAXTON, BARNEY, BIDDLE, TAYLOR,and BABBITT were successful from every point of view.I take this opportunity of voicing officially our appreciation of the fine cooperation and spirit of the commanding officers on these vessels that enabled the cruises to be such an outstanding success. Jack Barrett was Senior Officer Present Afloat on these five destroyers until relieved by Lieutenant Commander Duncan Curry, junior, who took command of the CLAXTON (#140) on 30 September l936. On the eleventh August Jack received orders from the Chief of Naval Operations as to his Change of Duty:When relieved in September l936, proceed and report for duty to Commandant, Fourth Naval District, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ## On the third of August from Dahlgren Virginia Jack wrote to Mrs. Warner of Long Island,New York: I received your message extending invitation to dinner dance for seventy-five midshipmen at the Maidstone Club Saturday evening 8 August and will arrange for fifteen midshipmen from each of the five destroyers to attend. I shall ask each ship to furnish me with the names of their midshipmen that will attend and will send an officer ashore as soon as we arrive to communicate with you to complete arrangements in whatever manner is most convenient for you. I intend to send the same officer as before,Lieutenant Costello. Barring unforeseen circumstances we shall arrive off Three Mile Harbor early Friday forenoon 7 August. (2l8A follows) 105 (p. 218A) Early in June l936 the five destroyers under Jack's overall command - the CLAXTON, BIDDLE, BARNEY, TAYLOR BABBITT went to Annapolis to start cruising the members of the Class of l938 each cruise to last for four weeks.When the five ships were anchored out off West Point, New York, Metro Goldwyn Mayer Pictures Corporation asked permission to film the ships for inclusion in one of their movies.On June 26, l936 the United States Coast Guard's Lieutenant G. H. Miller wrote to Mr. O.O. Dell, Production Manager of MGM Pictures Corporation in New York City: "As requested in your verbal application of 24 June l936 to the United States Engineer Office First District, U. S. Army permission is hereby granted to anchor five naval vessels (destroyers) in the Hudson River between West Thirty-Fifth and Fortieth Streets from about four to six hundred feet channelward of the U.S. Pier Line on the Manhattan side for the purpose of taking certain scenes of a motion picture being made by the Metro Goldwyn Mayer Pictures Corporation with the cooperation of the Navy Department; the vessels to be anchored from 2:30 to 4:30 pm Daylight Savings time June 27, l936 and from 3:00 to 5:00 pm (DST) June 29, l936.The permission is granted subject to the following conditions which it is understood you agree to and accept: -a- That there shall be no unreasonable interference with navigation. -b- That the applicant will conform strictly with the Navigation Law of the United States relative to ships at anchor. -c- That the MGM Pictures Corporation shall notify navigation interests of the proposed anchoring and that a list of those notified shall be furnished to the District Engineer and the Captain of the Port. -d- That the government assumes no responsibility for any damage sustained or caused from operations herein authorized, and that this permit shall not act as a waiver of liability that may result from applicant's operations. On July 2, l936 Jack's five destroyers cruising midshipmen of the class of l938 for their summer training were approaching the Naval Academy at Annapolis. Three destroyers were to moor northwest side Santee dock, two to anchor in the stream. ## July 4 at Annapolis. ##July 6 TAYLOR operating independently at the mouth of the Potomac.Dahlgren granted permission to enter Potomac near Dahlgren, Virginia.v ## July 8 Check all midshipmen on board; July 9 Submarine base New London Connecticut. Recharging extinguisher via tug. July 10 East Hampton mail truck will deliver mail at Maidstone dock 1000 and 1500. - 1500 tug will take laundry ## July 14 New London sending provision tug to Gardiners Bay on Thursday July 16 ## July 15 New London warns Fort Wright ferry near Little Gull Island. ## July 16 Gardiners Island. Message: Intend getting under way 0700 Friday 17 July at standard speed fifteen knots to Newport via Plumgut and the Race. Reference to Gardiners Island Trip: apply for berth assignment at Naval Training Station, Newport. - July 17 Rhode Island. Dinner dance for midshipmen by Navy juniors of station. Expect to arrive Newport before noon.BARNEY man lost over side coming in. BABBITT says one day at East Hampton. - Naval War College welcome. Laundry received on shore- ready July 21. Two days use of Stadium baseball field. Richard C. Hottelet aboard. BABBITT anchored seven miles west of Block Island Light.- requests operate with midshipmen in the morning and join formation off Montauk Point. BARNEY prefers to anchor off Sandy Hook 1800. BABBITT must transfer men.## July 23 New York. Anchor North River July 24, 25, 26 New York. Vessels to be at Annapolis July 31 to August 3. ## July 30 at United States Naval Academy early forenoon.Sent soiled matress covers ashore to be laundered before sailing next. Direct returning midshipmen to report to Commandant immediately on arrival.Midshipmen will have evening mail on ship prior to disembarkation. ## August 3 leave Annapolis. Message from East Hampton, Mrs. Eltinge Warner for August 8. ##CLAXTON mail since July 24 at Newport ## August 7 Expect arrive forenoon Gardiners Bay westward of Gardiners Island.Request tug for midshipmen laundry and mail. US Naval Academy message for CLAXTON: Expect three midshipmen via train East Hampton.## August 8 Maidstone Country Club seventy-five midshipmen ## August 11 William J. Barrett authorized CLAXTON passage New York to Annapolis - also his friend Erb of Detroit,Michigan. ## August 12 Captain of BABBITT invites Captain of CLAXTON to party for midshipmen 1500-1700. Message BABBITT to CLAXTON: Will Miss Warner and Miss Gardiner come on board? ## BABBITT August 14 Intend arrive Newport about 1100.Midshipment listed to attend Commander Barrett's tea dance 1630 to 1830. ## August 16 (Lieutenant Orlin) Livhdahl's wife has baby girl. One hundred fifty midshipmen to visit torpedo station forenoon. About this date eight hundred barrels of fuel for each ship. August 18 four to eight miles from Montauk Point - leaving. Landing floats will be at 129 and 135 Streets New York. Erb authorized for August 24 New York City to Annapolis. In New York August 21, 22, 23, 24. ## August 24 expect arrive NOB Norfolk about 1500 tomorrow. ## August 31 assigned berth Hypo South side Pier 3 Annapolis. END CLAXTON RADIO messages. When Jack was assigned to command the CLAXTON in September,l935,we were living in Portsmouth,Virginia in the Hanger home,but we moved to an apartment at 7l00 Hampton Boulevard in Norfolk not far from the Naval Operating Base where the ship was based.Jack was very happy to have a command of his own,& his father, brother Bill, & sister Mollie were very pleased too.Most of December, January & February he was at sea in Puerto Rico in Marine Landing Force Maneuvers,but he was in Norfolk in April when John junior was born & in May l936 when "Pa" (grandpa) Barrett came to see his first grandchild,born April 9,l936.Since Jack was to be at sea cruising midshipmen most of the summer.we employed a practical nurse, Blanche Caffey,who carried John home in the car driven by Jack when I was released from the Norfolk Protestant Hospital.She worked until about seven each evening,& I took over from there. 208 Our maid, Nora Jackson did the housecleaning & washing,so Miss Caffey really enjoyed taking care of John as she was free of the hard work.Berthe Olivier & her husband the French Consul in Norfolk Virginia lived in the next door apartment. Berthe & I walked together frequently,& she liked to come into watch Miss Caffey bathe John,who had a good disposition in the small rubber bath tub.I'll never forget the evening she stuck her pretty blonde head in the kitchen door & inquired, "Sophie, how do you cook a haddock?" ( this became a standing family joke).After dinner each evening she rinsed the dishes & put them in the oven until after breakfast.Evening callers on the French consul & his lovely wife would never know that the dinner dishes were in the oven. Around the beginning of 1936 the CLAXTON traveled to Puerto Rico for gunnery and landing force exercises, maneuvers, and training. Guillermo Medina, a Puerto Rican native and career employee of Naval Hydrographic office, traveled on the CLAXTON as a passenger. Around 1970 he furnished Sophie Barrett with reollections of the trip and the Hydrographic Office (where he knew Gershom Bradford and other friends of Jack's. He also referred the Barretts to Vincent Miscoski, who was still active in the Naval Oceanographic Office, successor to Hydrographic, located in Suitland, Maryland. Unfortunately, much of the material they furnished was destroyed or stolen in 1993.Mr. Miscoski expressed some regret that the Branch Hydrographic Offices had largely been phased out in interests of economy by 1970. Though an electronic age lessened their role, they provided a listening post for the Navy for a wide variety of information on weather, environments, and navigational conditions. Both in Virginia and Puerto Rico Jack had frequent contact with his friend Captain Frank Delahanty of the Supply Corps. He and his wife Sue were neighbors of the Barretts in Portsmouth in the autumn of 1935, and Sophie learned he was a cousin of her Mount Holyoke classmate Edna Delahanty. In the 1970s Sophie and John visited Frank and Sue at their home at 380 West Elm Street and frequently talked by telephone with their cousins Edna and Sarah Delahanty in Jamaica Plain. Frank wrote extended recollections, and from this period:" Then I think it was l935 while I was on the USS WYOMING we got an apartment on North Street in Portsmouth, Virginia. Your Dad was on the HANNIBAL at that time and had an apartment in the same building. It was there that we first met your mother. She saw the name Delahanty on the doorbell and called to see my wife to see if she was related to Edna Delahanty, who was a classmate of hers at Mount Holyoke (Edna and Frank are first cousins with backgrounds in Fall River, Massachusetts).In l936 I was still on the WYOMING when you mentioned that I got a pair of shoes for your Dad while he was on the CLAXTON (Frank was supposed to pick up a pair of shoes repaired for Jack in Culebra, Puerto Rico, but they had been mailed to Jack at Norfolk.) While in Puerto Rico on the CLAXTON, Jack attended a dinner given by territorial Governor Winship.Before the dinner the Governor kept talking about "the Secretary" - & Jack wondered why "the Secretary" was so important- but it developed that "the Secretary" was the Secretary of the interior Harold Ickes, who sat near Jack at the Governor's dinner & in a speech ribbed some of the Marine officers present,as they were his friends. [About March 1, 1936]After Fleet Landing Exercise Number Two at Culebra east of Puerto Rico,Admiral Hayne Ellis, Commander of the Training Squadron,sent a messge to the Commander of Destroyer Squadron "Ten: Subject: Duty performed by USS TAYLOR & CLAXTON during U.S Fleet Landing Exercise #2 ..These vessels met every requirement smoothly & efficiently.Their commanding officers & officers were always on the job whether plane guarding or transporting landing forces or taking part in the various exercises. The ships shot so well showing consistent & proper preparation, training, & orgtanization. They had on board officers of the United States Army who were loud in their praises of courtesies extended & remarked on this efficient handling.If the Commander Training Squadron were marking the Commanding Officers he would asign a rank of 3.9 for their performance of duties. Hayne Ellis commander." (Walter Calhoun was in command of TAYLOR & J.B. Barrett in command of CLAXTON-Sophie M. Barrett note) -from #72-Letter from William Joseph Barrett Jack's brother:"May 30, l936 Dear Sophie,Thanks for the photos. They are great. We never had such good ones of Pa. I think the one of you & him on the back veranda is a masterpiece- & the baby-it's remarkable how he has come along- as apparently the pictures were taken just a few days after I saw him. He's so wide-open-eyed & so bright. I talked with Pa on the phone,& he was surely thrilled with his trip. He had a smooth boat ride home & was in fine shape.Said he never felt better.It was just what he needed. Mollie met him at the boat with Skippy (wire-haired fox terrier) & Katherine Kinnaly. He was the second one off- reported the porter & waiter treated him very well indeed.Your instruction in the psychology of tipping has gone home to him - so that he is now quite a salesman on the good idea of tipping- said he enjoyed the food & tender steaks, but others complained of their toughness.The only part of the trip he does not remember with pleasure is the Pullman ride down- it was some ride.It is nice & cool here today- almost too cool, but it is an excellent holiday day.Will be looking for the CLAXTON & am planning a weekend trip to Norfolk soon.Regards to all -Bill." LETTTERS FROM NAVAL PERSONNEL - RICHARD C.HOTTELET [later CBS-TV] - REAR ADMIRAL ORLIN LIVDAHL - CAPTAIN WARREN McCLAIN - LIEUTENANT EDWATD WEBB - ADMIRAL WALTER CALHOUN-- #60 Richard C.Hottelet letter CLAXTON l936 On the twenty-fifth of May l970 CBS newsman Richard C. Hottelet of the Columbia Broadcasting System (many years their United Nations Correspondent l970's) wrote a letter to John from New York City relating to his short term of duty on the CLAXTON:"Dear Mr. Barrett:Forgive this long delay in replying to your letter of March 30th.I did not return from an extended trip abroad until the middle of April 7 have been digging out ever since.In thinking how I could best contribute to your project,I find myself groping through the thick for of time.I remember your father, Commander Barrett, & very pleasantly.As a naval reservist I chose to spend one college vacation cruising with the Atlantic Fleet & was assigned to he CLAXTON.My status was that of apprentice p.207- Seaman or Seaman Second Class & my duties appropriate to it.But I had been studying navigation,& your father kindly took me up to the bridge as a quartermaster striker.On occasion when we were at sea,he would give me some impromptu instruction.I remember one occasion when I found it hard to concentrate,the ship rolling some thirty degrees. On the whole my recollection of the whole experience is too hazy to be of much use. My position aboard was that of a rather odd guest, -which did not involve me really with the midshipmen,-let alone the officers or the crew. I am not even sure exactly how long I remained with the ship- pssibly until the middle of August, or about six weeks."[Richard C. Hottelet] LIVDAHL...On February first, 1970,Rear Admiral Orlin Livdahl, who was a Lieutenant on the CLAXTON at the time Jack Barrett was in command, wrote John Barrett, junior, from 223 Jekyll Island Georgia: Dear Mr. Barrett : I remember your father well.I no longer live in Washington but reside in Jekyll Island Georgia. There were only four officers aboard the CLAXTON during the Christmas holidays of l935.We received another officer just before sailing for Saint Thomas (Virgin Islands) in January l936.I think it was George Overman.The normal complement was six officers but in those days we were seldom up to complement. (Costello relieved McClain before sailing for San Juan. both McCLain & Costello were aboard at San Juan, so there were five officers- Barrett,Shinn, McCLain, Livdahl & Costello -Sophie M Barrett note).There were no Marines attached to the CLAXTON at that time.We had had Marines aboard when we were attached to the Special Service Squadron but that was before your father took command.We did carry a small number of Marines aboard from Norfolk to Saint Thomas as passengers & also an Army major & an Army Captain but they were not attached to the ship. I do not recall any of the stewards by name.We did not carry any midshipmen until June l936.They were all of the class of l938.We took about thirty midshipmen aboard each of the five destroyers on three cruises of four weeks each during the summer of l936.The cruises were almost identical,embarking the midshipmen at Annapolis & then going to Gardiners Bay (Long Island)(, New London, Newport, New York, and 224 back to Annapolis.On one of the cruises we went up the Hudson River to West Point..This was done in connection with making a movie but I do not remember the name of it or what part we played in its making.We anchored off West Point one night & then sailed back to New York.If I remember correctly no liberty was granted at West Point. Generally speaking there was a great deal of entertainment offered to the midshipmen, but your father,who was Senior Officer Present Afloat (SOPA) thought that our mission was to train the midshipmen in the ways of the sea & declined most of the invitations. During our stay in the Virgin Islands we were entertained extensively. I do not remember the dinner for Secretary Ickes and was not there.I do remember that (Interior) Secretary Ickes was in the area at the same time that we were ,but I did not meet him.The CLAXTON operated out of Norfolk during the spring of l936 in routine training exercises until we were ordered to Annapolis to cruise midshipmen. I regret very much that I cannot give you the names of many of the midshipmen.I lost all my papers, photographs,& records when my room was bombed out on the ENTERPRISE.The only one that I can remember offhand was Bill Ingram whose father was Admiral Jonas Ingram.During the midshipman cruise the Naval Academy provided one officer usually a Lieutenant,who acted as the midshipmen's Executive Officer & Training Officer.It might interest you to know that the following year after your father was detached,the CLAXTON was stationed at Annapolis for the entire year training midshipmen & upon completion of the summer cruises,we were ordered to Europe as part of the Naval Forces stationed there during the Spanish Civil War.The CLAXTON was transferred to the p225 British in l940 as part of the Lend-lease program. I am sorry I cannot give you any information on the Hydrographic Office.My only tour of duty in Washington was in the old Bureau of Ordnance & I never became well acquainted with anyone in the Hydrographic Office.The Bureau of Naval Personnel maintains an Historical Section in which a history of every ship is kept,& I am sure that every officer & man who served on her with your father is listed,& you could probably learn a great deal more about the people who were on her with your father.It was good to hear from you & I regret to learn that your father has passed away. I hope the information I have given you is of some help.Give my very best wishes to your mother.Very truly yours, O.L.Livdahl." -220-On March 8,l970 Captain Warren McClain who was a young watch & gunnery officer on the CLAXTON when Jack took command in November l935,wrote to John junior from El Cerrito California, "Dear John,Sorry for the delay in answering your letter of February twelfth &6 thanks for the copy of Orlin Livdahl's letter.It brought back memories Orlin was a good friend of mine & I've often wondered where he was & how things were going with him and his family.I joined the CLAXTON in December l934 shortly after my marriage on November eighth.The CLAXTON was at Norfolk at the time.From this time until your father assumed command,the CLAXTON served mostly in the Carribean area as a unit of the Special Service Squadron.We carried a complement of Marines on board.When your father became Commanding Officer,we were at the Norfolk Navy Yard preparing for a cruise to the West Indies.I remember our cruise from Norfolk to St. Thomas in January l936.I particularly remember the two Army officers Livdahl spoke about - mainly because of their being seasick the entire trip.One of them refused to leave his bunk & ate very little. We were worried about him,but he survived.Also I recall the Marine passengers we had with us.Our mission on this trip was to provide shore bombardment support for the Marine Landing Exercise on the island of Culebra.A number of target were placed on a hillside,including an Army tank on the crest of a high hill.The CLAXTON came down the range & shot on schedule.Results of our shooting came later, & I recall how pleased you father was of our shooting, particularly the hole we put through the tank.Maybe it was luck,but anyway my gunners & I were pleased by your father's warm praise of us.Your father impressed me as being very interested & concerned about the officers & men who served 221 under him. Not many commanding officers show such a personal interest.I remember him once talking to some sailors before they departed on a liberty ashore.Since some of the sailors never got past the first bar when ashore, this was good advice, especially for the younger men.I also well remember your grandfather when he visited the ship.He was a great deal like your father & seemed very interested in all that was going on.I also remember spending the greater part of an afternoon going over with your father the charts of a hurricane he had been in l935. I learned a lot listening to him.He knew the sea & apparently loved it.His stories about his recent experiences in the survey ship HANNIBAL were always interesting. During the spring of l936 we had an apartment in Norfolk out near the Naval Station.Your parents were our neighbors. Betty saw a lot of your mother in the days just before your birth.Our duties were rather routine during this period.Upon arriving in Annapolis to begin duty training midshipmen I was detached & sent to the Navy Post Graduate School at Annapolis.The next & last time I saw your father was at Pearl Harbor-I believe in l943. I was commanding officer of the destroyer RUSSELL at the time, & he came aboard to visit me.I enjoyed his visit very much.He seemed proud that I as one of his junior officers was moving up in rank and responsibility.My career following my departure from the 222 CLAXTON went about like this Two years at the Post Graduate School Annapolis, seven months on the MARYLAND as Electrical Officer 3 l/2 months on the destroyer ANDERSON as Chief Engineer & Executive Officer one year l943 commanding Officer of the RUSSELL,-l944 at New York Navy Yard June l945 to January l946 Commanding Officer of the Division l22 in Western Pacific l946-7 Commander Destroyer division 92 selected for engineering duty only l947.When I retired Feb l, l960 I was Supervisor of Shipbuilding at Seattle Washington.My was duty found me in Iceland when Pearl Harbor was hit-min the battle of Coral Sea,Midway, Guadalcanal, Santa Cruz, Tarawa, Kiska & with Admiral Halsey's Third Fleet off Japan in the closing days of the war.I was with our carriers LEXINGTON, YORKTOWN,WASP & HORNET when they were sunk. I was helping to "protect" them.Give our best regards to your mother & best wishes for your writings about your father's fine naval career.He an excellent officer & a good man and a credit to the Navy. You have reason to be proud of him.-Warren McClain." #62 CLAXTON On March l5,l97l Lieutenant Edward Porter Webb who was on the CLAXTON as a petty officer in communications when Jack was in command wrote from Interlacken Florida "My dear Mrs. Barrett:Your letter of March 4 processed by Bupers on March 9 reached me on Saturday l3 March.Well, the name John B. Barrett rang the bell right away.I might add that I had the feeling of being quite flattered to have a letter from my former C.O.'s spouse & couldn't help but wonder to myself what -p227-it could be all about.So after noting the contents (I found) it made itself self-explanatory.I admire your pluck, and wish you all the luck in the world on making a GO out of your-& John junior's undertakings. First off, I was sorry to hear of Commander Barrett's passing along with B.J. Shinn.They were two of my favorite officers. I read also of Robert Craig's death in "Naval Affairs." Your letter was like the proverbial voice of of the past.Those are well-known names & places but it's been such a long time ago & so much water has flown over the dam it's rather difficult to focus the events back in memory lane.If my meory serves me correct,your husband relieved F.E. Fitch as the skipper.It could be that B.J. Shinn was acting C.O at the time.I believe also that Duncan Curry relieved your husband.I do recall that Commander Barrett ran a taut ship & a happy ship.He was never the demanding type- just seemed his wishes were our command.It was my privilege to be his top hand in the communication department.He never was a source of worry to me,& I never gave him a cause to worry.As a matter of fact he had a good bunch of chiefs in his crew.I well recall the Midshipmen Practice training duties but not too much about what actually happened at different ports.I knew several of the "middies" especially those who were inclined to be "Ham" (radio) operators.But names are all gone by the board-228-Yes I have a vivid memory of the shootout at Culebra(Puerto Rico).If my memory serves me correctly, there was some kind of a shack involved,& we blew the works to Kingdom Come.I recall the hurricane all right, but I was on leave.Think our damage was minor-a propellor guard, if I remember correctly.Was glad to hear (from you) of McClain, Livdahl, & Costello.Lieutenant Livdahl & I went to the Mediterranean with the CLAXTON.We had all our wives over-based on Villefranche & Tangier.I joined the CLAXTON in January l935 & was aboard her until November,l940 when we turned her over to Canada at Halifax under lend-lease.As a matter of faact, I was the "Senior Plank Owner" (longest time aboard).My World War Two was in the South Pacific- every island from Guadalcanal to the Philippines.I was Electronics Officer for an Aviation & Repair Ourfit.I was qualified air radioman while working for your husband.Sincerely, Edward P.Webb."As yes I do recall the message ordering your husband to duty as C.O. I asked the yeoman what the " B" was for, & he replied John Barleycorn Barrett - for no reason at all." On the 23rd April l970 Admiral Walter C. Calhoun commanding officer of the USS TAYLOR & senior to Jack, who commanded the CLAXTON at the time wrote from Washington D.C.: Dear Mr. Barrett, Received your letter requesting information on the cruise of the USS CLAXTON & USS TAYLOR about l935-36 around the Carribean Sea. Your father commanding the CLAXTON & I the USS TAYLOR. Both vessels together with the USS TRENTON formed the Special Service Squadron commanded by Admiral G.E. Myers & based at Balboa Canal Zone.I will try & give tyou details of the cruise as best I can.I took command of 229the USS TAYLOR relieving Lietenant Commander George T. howard at Balboa,Canal Zone.Shortly thereafter I left with USS TRENTON on what was to be an eight weeks cruise taking us through the Canal.The USS TAYLOR was relieved by the USS MARYLAND & ordered to Norfolk. Was at the Norfolk Navy Yard three or four months.Early in l936 Both CLAXTON & TAYLOR were at Hampton Roads & were ordered to Culebra area to take part in Marine exercises there.TAYLOR was to patrol area at sea in Mina passage west of Puerto Rico, the CLAXTON to the east.Marine aviators were to fly from the United States to Culebra, & we were to patrol the sea areas on the way down.This finished, we returned to Culebra where I believe we fired short range target practice & umpired the USS TRENTON doing the same.We also fired at an old Marine tank on top of a hill & I believe demolished it. However I never viewed it afterward.TAYLOR was then ordered back tonthe States,Naval Operating Base Norfolk, where I was relieved by Lieutenant Clark L. Green on l5 May l936.TAYLOR & CLAXTON were close companieons during this period.I will now answer your questions:l.As I remember the schedule,we held landing force exercises in the Culebra area.However I believe the TAYLOR held them at Ponce,San Juan-other ships at Culebra. TAYLOR fired short range target practice at Gonaives, Haiti. Admiral Hayne Ellis I believe then took command of the Squadron at Culebra for Marine maneuvers. [#74 CLAXTON p. 230] Two Army officers were on each destroyer. Saw quite a lot of your father as the two ships usually tied up together or nearby. Lieutenant Clark L. Green relieved me as commanding officer (of TAYLOR) l5 May l936. Sincerely, Walter C. Calhoun".[Walter Calhourn commanded the cruiser that took President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to Honolulu and Pearl Harbor in July 1944 for the historic conference in which he authorized the October 1944 invasion and liberation of the Philippine Islands.General Douglas MacArthur and Admirals Leahy and Nimitz met with the President on this occasion.] Here is the "Recommended Itinerary" for the five destroyers of which Jack Barrett was Senior officer Present Afloat June-August 1926. Destroyer cruises midshipmen second class summer l936 Recommended Itinerary of & Information relating to:Itineraries of three cruises, each of four weeks duration & identical as to ports of call are submitted below. After three weeks of operation one week's uninterrupted upkeep period is obtained by conducting the overhaul at Gardiners Bay, New York during the conduct of each cruise.p 23l Depart Annapolis first cruise 8 June Second cruise 6 July Third cruise 4 August- Arrive Dahlgren,Virginia 9 June - 7 July -4 Agusust -Depart Dahlgren l0 June 8 July 5 August - Arrive Gardiners Bay, New York OVERHAUL 12 June l0 July 7 August - Depart Gardiners Bay l9 June l7 July l4 August -Arrive Newport Rhode Island l9 June l7 July l4 August -depart Newport Rhode Island 24 June 22 July l9 August - Arrive New York city - visit Hayden planetarium 25 June 23 July 20 August - Depart New York City 29 June 27 July 24 August - operate at sea until 2 July 30 July 28 August- arrive Annapolis Maryland 3 July 3l July 28 August.The proposed itinerary permits of a visit to the Naval Proving Grounds, Dahlgren Virginia where firing tests may be concucted for the instruction of the midshipmen.The overhaul period in Gardiners Bay will afford the midshipmen an opportunity to combine periods of instruction in various professional subjects with observation of overhaul procedure on board ship.The visit to New York can combine a visit to the Hayden Planetarium & an opportunity for a leave period over the weekend. No time is alloted to gunnery exercises of any form as it is considered that the periods available for cruises are insufficient to permit of the necessary training prior to the firing, without encroaching too much on the time necessary for other instruction & training.There are inadequate facilities on destroyers for the handling of laundry of the midshipmen & space is not available to permit of their scrubbing of their own clothes. This can be met by using the facilities of the Submarine Base, New London.It is understood that the Base can handle laundry of l80 midshipmen.(bottom p 23l) On August ll, l936 Jack's brother Wim J. Barrett head of the Policy Holder's Service Bureau the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of York, was in Milwaukee,Wisconsin & wrote Jack on the CLAXTON c/o Postmaster New York," Dear Jack: I've wired you from here today but wasn't quite sure where you'd be-so this letter: I'm on one of the U.S. Steel cargo boats -500 feet crrying coal Detroit to Milwaukee this trip,I'm guest of Fred Erb of Detroit.It's been a beautiful trip & wonderful vacation.Now to get to the point. It is important if you can arrange it in any way that Mr. Fred Erb get aboard the boat for the trip on the CLAXTON that you are fixing for me.I'd like to have him along,& I know he'd love to go.He is President of the Eaton Erb company of Detroit= an important subsidiary of the Eaton Manufacturing Company of Cleveland.He is a prominent citizen of Detroit & a great friend of mine. In fact he is largely responsible for the success of the foundry survey- my first job with the Metropolitan Life which I think had a lot to do with my getting known in the company.What I'd like to have is that he & I board the CLAXTON at New York Monday August 24,l936 & go vback to Norfolk & Annapols with you, If at all possible- do this favor for me.(Jack did take Bill and Erb from New York city to Annapolis -[note by Sophie Barrett].If you get an answer before Friday, wire me c/o Metropolitan Life Insurance Company,Group Division,General Motors Building,Detroit.I am returning to New York Monday August l7. See you next week.Regards,Bill" Naval policy at this time approved visits and travel of this nature aboard ships for good will and public service.Jack's brother Bill and his friend Fred Erb of Detroit enjoyed their cruise on the CLAXTON from New York City to Norfolk, although Erb died soon afterward . (TRANSFER TO PHILADELPHIA CHAPTER?)209 In August, l936 Jack recived orders to report for shore duty in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in October..Very late in August he took leave so we could go to my sister Bee Pollack's home in Overbrook outside Philadelphia to stay while we hunted for a place to live.Jack considered the crowded district of South Philadelphia near the Navy Yard unfit for a baby,so we searched mainly in the suburbs.We learned there would be a house vacant in the Bala Cynwyd Estates about October first.We asked the manager to show it to us,but he couldn't,because the occupants had paid their rent until October first & refused to have anyone impair their privacy by going through their house. We looked at the outside of the house at 7l2 Stradone Road & looked at the inside of an identical house next door where the Hellerman family were sympathetic to a Navy couple with an infant who needed a place to live. The childless Hellermans were ideal neighbors as Jack & Mr.Hellerman were interested in growing tomatoes.On the return trip to Norfolk I kept telling Jack that we couldn't possibly make the ferry to Newport News on time & that he should plan to drive all the way to Norfolk by road.But he told me he had heard on the radio in Philadelphia that there was to be a hurricane in Norfolk & vicinity the next day,& that ferry if we could make it,would cut many hours off our trip.Hours after it was scheduled to leave,- that ferry was still at the dock.As we bought our tickets we were told that the ferry had been very late arriving there owing to the choppy waters.But it started immediately on what turned out to be its last trip for two days.When we reached our apartment,our next door neighbor, the French consul was busily putting his car up on blocks to guard against the expected flooding, & Jack 210 left me at the house & drove off to look after the ship.Although we had a hurricane,it was not as severe as anticipated,& the CLAXTON experienced only slight damage from a ship that grazed it. C-L-A-X-T-O-N


+ Yrick Gamache-Dubois


Bon voyage, Mon Ami! To: Yrick Gamache-Dubois - I hope you made it to Astoria Oregon by the Pacific county bus line yesterday afternoon and are managing to get buses or rides down Route 101 along the Oregon coast and Redwood Highway to San Francisco. I was researching that area from Aberdeen southwest to Raymond, South Bend, and Ilwaco, where I think there are camping areas at Fort Canby,and then across to Astoria. I have not been in that Pacific county area but am researching whether I could camp out cheaply. I often go down to Aberdeen and Hoquiam on a very inexpensive day trip and back to Port Angeles the same night. Sometime I will spend a night down near Ilwaco and the Columbia. I have many friends down around Hoquiam and Aberdeen. I am going to E mail friends in Utah and Kansas and see if they might be able to put you up overnight on your trip home to Quebec. There are many people in Massachusetts I will tell you about, perhaps you could say hello if you go that way. I spent a good deal of time in Lincoln City on the Oregon coast. If you see the DeLake Bowling alley, the Greyhound bus used to stop there in 1990 but no longer.I have been in the Sip-and-Sand Restaurant, which had nice fish but would be expensive for you. I like the family who run the bowling alley, though I don"t know their name. Their son used to be a volunteer firefighter and became an Emergency medical technician driving an ambulance. You porbably won't be in Portland Oregon - Andy Ligatich, who just graduated from Forks High School this spring is studying to be a firefighter, and his father is a Portland firefighter. Andy used to kick the punts and extra-points for the Forks football team last year, and he did track. In Reedsport, Oregon, I met a family Tom Shurtz and his son Craig. Actually I met Craig first while traveling in 1995. He is in Utah now I think. I think they might help you out through their church in an emergency. Tom Shurtz makes wildlife pins for neckties and other purposes, especially fish and elk. He took me to see an elk refuge on the Umpqua River a few miles from their home at Camellia Court, in Reedsport. He used to work at the International Paper Company Mill north of Reedsport. His five children are a few years older than you. In Coos Bay, halfway down the Oregon coast, there is a chamber of commerce, where you can get maps and tourist information the way we did in Aberdeen before we went to the bus terminal. It is south of the Greyhound terminal. If you want to see what there is, ask somebody in Coos Bay where the tourist center is. Have a good trip and let me know if you have problems, or I will be glad to have any news.-John Barrett === Monday July 30, 2001. YRICK Gamache-Dubois age eighteen of Quebec City HITCHHIKING From John Barrett On Friday, July 27, while traveling from Forks down the west side of Olympic Peninsula past Kalaloch on Pacific Coast thru Humptulips Valley to cities of Hoquiam and Aberdeen, for six hours I had the enjoyable company of Yrick --pronounced 'Eric'-- Gamache-Dubois of Quebec City, who has hitchhiked across Canada, including Rocky Mountain parks and up the Alaska Highway to Anchorage, Homer, and Mount Denali, and then to Vancouver, B.C. and across to Port Angeles and then spent Thursday night outdoors in Forks. He probably was too late for the last bus south- hitchhiked down to Kalaloch had trouble going further in evening and came back to Forks. So I met him before the 6:50 AM West Jefferson county bus south, and we had a very fine six-hour visit, until I directed him to the one=pm bus southwest from Aberdeen into Washington state's coastal southwestern Pacific county, the Raymond-South Bend,-Ilwaco area- with bus connections toward Astoria Oregon across the Columbia Rive. When I met him, he was carrying a big sign indicating San Francisco was his destination. He hopes he may proceed as far as San Diego before returning home to Quebec around end of August. His primary language is French, and he completed high school in January.Hobbies include volleyball and drawing-painting. I told him how my father and mother and I made a six-day visit August 11-16, 1963 first to Montpelier VT, Lake Champlain, Rouse's Point, NY, then Montreal, Three Rivers along St. Lawrence River, then Quebec City, then southeast by farming Beauce Valley and across to Jackman Maine and near Moosehead Lake and Mount Katahdin to Camden Maine, where we met my father's Boston Latin School classmate John Carroll Poland and his wife Lucile. I do not know the exact date or itinerary of Yeric's trip home, but I am inquiring whether friends might be able to put him up for an evening, perhaps get him to mow their lawns, dust etc, give him a meal, etc. He is very mature and likeable and in a fairly intensive six-hour conversation came across as intelligent, communicative, and without obvious bad habits. He was carrying a sixty-pound pack and survived long distance travel in Canada and Alaska, tho he was slightly apprehensive of social conditions he might run into in American cities or along superhighways. At the very least, I hope you will all remember him in your prayers, and I expect to keep in touch by E mail and then letter when he gets home again to Quebec. I expect he is probably now somewhere along Route 101 on the Oregon coast headed for redwoods and San Francisco. He checked E mail at Aberdeen library on public computers, - I do not know how often he will be checking his e mail the next few days, but anyone interested can E mail him at If you would like to offer him hospitality, you can do it directly or authorize me to send your E mail, telephone number, and/or address. I have told him to contact me if he has problems and to come back here to Port Angeles if anything goes wrong on travel connections or otherwise. When we know his route and schedule, perhaps we can suggest church facilities, hostels, or place near college campuses that would be worth visiting. I shall be sending this to several E mail correspondents, and then I may add details for people in key areas like Utah and Colorado and Kansas, which are likely to be on his route home. I know many people are away from home on vacation. I don't know if we will make contact in time for Califormia people to meet Yeric, or if he will go up the east coast near Fairfax VA, or Baltimore MD or Boston - he did mention he expects to go thru New York en route home to Quebec - [it might be difficult to avoid] So people can read this message and see if the "shoe fits" them and they feel 'a calling' to meet and encourage Yeric. I believe he will do all right, but some of you might enjoy meeting and helping him. He brought back many old memories of my study of the French language, my family's 1963 trip to Quebec and our 1947 tour in California, and my times in Oregon 1990 and 1995, and days in Maine and northern New England through Camp Kabeyun. So those who feel moved, please contact Yrick directly or tell me what degree of interest you may have.--Thanks-John Barrett


104-1497 Penguins at Ushuaia Terra del Fuego near Straits of Magellan extreme southern Argentina photo by William W. Paca jr. Feb 2001


William W. Paca junior and his wife made a cruise from Valparaiso Chile around southern South America to Buenos Aires February 2001 and sent photos, maps, and postcards. Paca and his father are named for an ancestor who signed Declaration of Independence 1776, and many generations lived in Annapolis, Maryland. Paca's father attended West Point Miitary Academy and served in France in World War I becmae Marine Officer 1920s and commanded U.S. Marines about gunboat TULSA 1931 based near Tientsin China. He and Jack Barrett worked closely for the TULSA to achieve a top score in Asiatic Fleet Gunnery competition in summer 1931 maneuvers near the Shantung Peninsula. The Barretts saw the senior Paca in Hawaii 1946 when he commanded Camp Caitlin on Oahu. Sophie Barrett's memoirs recount how Paca came to visit the Barretts in Waikiki and accompanied then to an evening party celebration Captain Samuel Wilder King's return home after his wartime service as Governor of American Samoa. Bill Paca junior lived in Hawaii in 1930s and also served in as a Marine officer in Pacific World War 2 in Marianas and elsewhere. John Barrett visited him in Richmond Virginia November 16, 1999.


104-1498 Penguins photographed by William Paca jr. Feb 2001 Ushuaia, near Strait of Magellan.


Arecaceae Acrocomia Areca catechu -Arenga Astrocaryum Bactris Calamus draco Calyptrogyne ghiesbreghtiana OTS Biological Station at La Selva, Costa Rica Infructescence with scale; Caryota gigas Caryota mitis - Chaemaerops humilis - Cultivated, from San Antonio Botanical Garden. Coccothrinax argentata - Cultivated, from San Antonio Botanical Garden. (plant in fruit) Coccothrinax crinita - Cultivated, from San Antonio Botanical Garden. (trunk) - Cocos nucifera - plant with spathe and fruit Copernicia macroglossa - Cultivated, from San Antonio Botanical Garden. (whole plant) - DAEMONOROPS DESMONCUS Elaeis guineensis - fruits at market in Silvia, Colombia - Gastrococcos crispa - Armed petioles Hyophorbe lagenicaulis Hyphaene coriacea JESSENIA six darts- Lantania Licuala grandis Livistona chinensis - LODOICEA Seychelles Praslin Metroxylon sagu Spineless Sago Palm. - Phoenix canariensis Known as Canary Island Date Palm. Ptychosperma elegans Sabal mexicana - Sabal minor - Serenoa repens - Trachycarpus fortunei - Veitchia sp. Maui, Hawaii. Known as African Oil-Palm. Washingtonia robusta - Cultivated, Maui, Hawaii. Known as Mexican Fan Palm. (Fan Leaf) WALLICHEA Asia WETTINIA Zombia antillarum


104-1499 Roxbury Latin class of 1951 fiftieth reunion June 2001


First row: Ursula Connors, Mrs. Chauncey Second row: Bill Coughlin,Kerck Kelsey,Bill Chauncey master emeritus, ---,---, Jason Albert, John Connors, Third Row Robert Henzler,Paul Powell, Robert Vey, Jerry Lenthall David Merrill, Charlie Gifford Back row: James Keene, Frank Long, Mark Granofsy, John Molloy, Phil Garrity, Blair Clark also in photo Chester Reynolds, John Bennett, David Hershenson, and wives of most of class.


104-1500 Mr. and Mrs. William W. Paca jr at Ushuaia Tierra del Fuego southern Argentina February 2001.