Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos


Sam and Bertha Pollack p 12-89


Overbrook Penna. The Barretts visited while at Cynwyd l936-l938 and again Thanksigiving day l939, when several pictures probably were taken.Bertha and Sam were married by Rabbi Silverman at the Meranski home ar 2 & 4 Wooster Street Hartford, June l924, the day after Sophie left for Detroit for summer work in Chil;dre's Bureau, U.S. Department of Labor, doing statistical analysis of careers and family situations of young adults who had attended Detroit school for retarded. Sam and Bea hosted Sophie June l925 in Dorchester and Winthrop-, Massachusetts, and moved to Pennsylvania around l929. They moved to Cincinnati l946-l955 and Great Neck, Long Island l955 to late l960's then Hallandale Florida. They frequently visited Sam'slawyer youngest brother Harry and his wife Yetta in Newton massachusetts, and saw Sophie in West Roxbury summer l973. Neighborhood youngsters had switched the numerals at Soph9ie's hone to =read 25 instead of 52 Emmonsdale road, so Bertha and Sam had to ask for help finding Sophie's house - but finally had a pleasant visit.Mr. and Mrs. Giuiseppe deLellis conveyed Sophie's greetings to Bertha and Sam on a trip south earlier in l973.


Ruth Peck Mount Holyoke l923 of Stow Massachusetts and Bradenton, Flordia #90 p12


Originally natives of Stow Massachusetts (543 Great Road) Mrs. Ruth PeckDoyle and her brother Frank Peck began spending winters in Bradenton Florida, and eventually settled there.Ruth Peck sent Sophie oranges, grapefruits, kumquats and other friuit from Bradenton and gave her a Mount Holyoke college songboook.Sophie visited her home in Stow when pink dogwoods were blooming. "Peck " wrote about her brother Frank and his children and grandchildren. She and Frank lived into their nineties in florida. Jack Barrett met many of Sophie's classmates and friends. On Sunday,June 16, l929 Jack and Sophie traveled by train from New York to Connectict to attend the wedding of Sophie's sister Rebekah and Dr. Isadore Geetter.On the train they saw Mount Holyoke president Mary Woolley, who was famous for remembering students and alumnae.She came over and joined them in conversation. Jack remarked, "These Mount Holyoke women are wonderful. You could put them all in an bag and pick any one of them, and you'd do all right." Miss Woolley replied, "That isn't a very individual compliment for Sophie." On one occasion in 1974 three of the l923 classmates visited Sophie in West Roxbury -Betty Giles Howard, Betty Gilman roberts, and Ruth Peck Doyle. During college years Sophie once visited Betty Giles on Cape Cod. Giles became a Mount Holyoke hous mother for a number of years and on retirement wived with her daughter and son-in-law in Darien Connecticut. In the l970's she developed motor neuron disease, but her life was extended about a year by experimental surgery that permitted her to be fed through a stomach tube, as patients lose the ability to swallow.Sophie's brother-0in-law Dr. Isadore Geetter is credited with calling this possibility to her attention. Sophie's foster sister's son Mark Shulman visited Giles while she was being studied at National Institutes of Health, Washington,D.C.Betty Gilman Roberts, Mount holyoke l925 M.A. in chemistry was active in student government fduring college, settled in Bridgeport, Connecticut, had three children and was active in girl scouts many years. Classmates frequently sent round-robin letters sharing news.


Spinnakers Naples ITASCA cruise l909


p 12-91 -temp- Battlesip WYOMING January 1922-June 1923- #85 On the nineteenth of January l922 in the Gulf of Guacanayabo Jack joined the great battleship WYOMING with H.B. Price commanding.He had shore patrol duty February 25-26 , March 1-6, 14, 15, 26-27, 30-31 and April 7-8. By June 26 the commanidng officer was G. W. Laws. The ship was at Yorktown, Virginia June 25, at Hampton roads July 1. August 18 the ship was at Newport, Rhode Island where Jack had shore patrol duty. and on the sixth of December at the Navy Yard, where Jack took fifteen days leave. Jack was the Communications Officer and the Captain was very pleased when the WYOMING answered a signal from the Admiral very quickly and was commended.The WYOMING was the flagship of Admiral McDonald.From the Navy Department we obtained the roster of WYOMING officers in March l923 and wrote to as many of them as we could locate.Captain Augustus Dayton Clark of the Annapolis class of l922 who was an Ensign aboard the WYOMING when Jack was a Lieutenant wrote from New York on June 6, l97l, "My dear Mrs. Barrett, I definitely recall and remember our WYOMING COmmunications Officer. He was a heppy, cheery, hard-working member of the officer staff. My assignment was aide to the Executive Officer, Commander Puleston, whom I might say was a demanding task master and boss but able and efficient.He was for many years a very fine friend of mine.He had a habit as soon as he opened his eyes in the morning to send for me to insure I was up and around.This would be about five AM.Admiral McDonald, whose flagship was the WYOMING, commanded the (then-called) Souting Fleet.He was of the old school, & insisted on junior officer discipline.The junior officer mess was a happy mess, and the whole ship was a happy one.Plenty of spit and polish but all hands were congenial, efficient, and happy. My years in the WYOMING-looking back fifty-nine years - were I believe my happiest. Our winter cruises to Guantanamo were always busy ones - but full of fun, enjoyment, and hard work. Did Jack participate in our rum running operation? We junior officers would organize and arrange a shipment of rum by "bum boat" while in Guantanamo in the wee hours of the night.The junior officers received a gallon or more, and amazingly, many of the senior officers did also.We would arrange for the deck watch officers to be sympathetic to this operation during the middle watch.The bum boat would come alongside a lower port in the junior officers' mess and pass the gallon jugs through the port.We junior officers in turn would deliver these jugs to the various officers' cabins before dawn. This was all on the "Q.T."and never mentioned in conversation.However, I am sure every officer was aware of this questionable operation. Another activity which I recall- all officers and men were obliged while on the southern cruise to qualify in swimming.It required each person to go to the bow of the ship and jump in the water and swim around the ship to the gangway. It was a high jump and for the timid, frightening.However, everyone did it. Coaling ship was an all-hands operation, officers and men.Everyone shoveled while the band played- all were black with coal dust as well as the ship inside and out. Next day - field day. All hands participated.It was fun. If coaling was not completed in one day,many of us would sleep on a coal pile that night. Good experience. Too bad the present Navy does not have to do it. You at least caused me to go back fifty-nine years and recall many of my shipmates in theWYOMING who in later years have been fond friends. Sincerely, -A Dayton Clark" Captain Frederick Holmes of the Annapolis Class of l9l8, who was a junior Lieutenant on the WYOMING in March l922,telephoned twice from Florida where he was spending the winter of l970 as his favorite sport- golfing.Not only was he on the WYOMING with Jack, but he was Captain of the tanker TRINITY l938-9 when Jack was the Executive officer aboard. Captain Holmes talked at length with John junior about the WYOMING and the TRINITY- told John he had been wounded in the hip at Okinawa and planned l970 to have surgery in Boston or in London. He spoke highly of the Lahey Clinic.Since his home was in Newport, Rhode Island,he promised to come to the house to talk to us the next time he came to Boston. But a note from his wife at Christmas l97l told us that Captain Holmes had passed away suddenly in the fall of l970. He had said he had diabetes. His son had a distinguished record at West Point and as an Army officer.On the seventh of June l97l I received a note from Captain Luther B. Stuart from Amissville, Virginia, who was on the WYOMING as an Ensign from the Annapolis class of l922: On October l2, l922 Lieutenant J.B. Barrett was detailed as Beach Master at Yorktown, Virginia under this "Landing Force Order":Battleship Force Landing Force was landed at Gloucester Point, Monday l6 October l922. The WYOMING and ARKANSAS platoons constituted the first company.Ech company will consist of four six=squad platoons.Uniform: Blue service, gray gloves,whiye hats, leggings. The Beachmaster is charged with the management of disposition of all boats and the disembarkation and re-embarkation of the Landing Force, All officers will consider any instructions received from the Beachmaster as emanating from the Regimental Commander."On Sunday, October 31, l97l at 2:20 in the afternoon I had a telephone call from Colonel Archibald, who was in the Class of l922 at the Naval Academy and roomed with Luther Stuart on the WYOMING and is now retired from the Navy.He was assistant Navigator.He was taking a load of passengers in a small boat to the WYOMING when the boat grounded.The passengers were taken off, and eventually the boat was recovered.Jack spent a lot of time telling him what to say if he was court-martialled.But he believes Captain Laws and Commander Puleston were responsible for his not getting a court-martial.He knows Bill Ware of the WYOMING well- also our friends Dan Candlerof the HANNIBAL and Eddie Arroyo of the MARBLEHEAD. On March 25, l97l from Bethesda Maryland, Captain Edward R. Gardner Annapolis class of l922 who was Secretary of his class wrote: "Dear Mrs. Barrett, In July l922 with some twenty other Ensigns, I reported to the WYOMING on the Southern Drill Grounds some ten to twenty miles off Hampton Roads, Captain George Laws was the Commanding officer with Commander William D. Puleston as "Exec.".The latter over many years was a prominent writer and analyst of Naval affairs. The WYOMING was the flagship of the Scouting Force under Vice Admiral John B. McDonald, a large, dour individual. One of his staff (Richmond) Kelly Turner gained great fame as the (Pacific) Amphibious Commander and became an Admiral. The summer of l922 the WYOMING was engaged in training off the Virginia capes, visiting Yorktown, New York, and Newport. At the latter post I was on Shore Patrol= probably at the place mentioned by your husband.The patrol stayed on shore, sleeping on cots in a makeshift barracks, and the WYOMING sent our meals in by boat. The food was invariably cold,the sleeping accomodations miserable, and the Senior Patrol Officer from the ARKANSAS as ass. A rather unpleasant experience.Late in the year the WYOMING went into the New York Navy Yard for overhaul. In January the Fleet went to Guantanamo for three or four months training, then to Panama, transiting the Canal for maneuvers with the West Coast Battle Fleet.Then we returned to the Norfolk area where I left the ship for several months, being assigned to the Navy Rifle Team. I remember Del Valle, Nyquist, and others in the WYOMING and saw many of them over the years.She was a good ship, had a fine reputation, and as I look back now, it was a bright spot to remember. I was the Junior Officer in the Fifth Division #5 Turret, but I don't remember your husband's assignment.. I wish you every success in the memoirs.Sincerely, Edward R. Gardner." On March 25, l97l from Menlo Park, California, Rear Admiral W. Nyquist wrote, "My dear Mrs. Barrett, Your letter of 12 March was forwarded to me by Bupers. I served on the WYOMING from about a July 1921 to about 1 December 1922. In June or July 1922 I was sent to the Naval hospital in Newport, Rhode Island with pneumonia, and I did not get back to the WYOMING until late September l922.I do remember your husband, but I was in the Junior Officer mess and did not have much contact with him.I was in Pearl Harbor on December 7, l94l but spent most of my time at sea in the Guadalcanal area. `-"-Rear Admiral Nyquist. On the 27th of March l97l I wrote another letter to Captain Gardner:"My son John and I are grateful for your detailed and interesting letter, which added many new facts to our supply of information about the Battleship WYOMING.One of Jack's friends, Captain Frank Delahanty of the Supply Corps, knew Captain Puleston well and talked about him in several letters last year.John has several articles by Puleston in Jack's file of Naval Institute magazines.Puleston of course was highly critical of the Gallipoli campaign and ended one article with the comment, "It is doubtful if even the British empire could survive another Winston Churchill." John junior has found detailed coverage of the l925 war games in Hawaii;- it was Admiral McDonald who had the difficult task of attempting to defend Oahu from the superior attacking "Blue" fleet.(p. W257) -258-Jack was briefly a turret officer when he first arrived on the WYOMING in early l922 but most of the time he was Communications officer. On one occasion he was commended for a prompt answer to the Admiral when several other ships failed to answer.Several times he was in charge of selecting crewmen for special training at radio school. In Hawaii during World War II he used to train John in Morse code and various methods of use of signal flags. He was always an enthiusiast for astronomy and navigation, and during the blackout in the early years of the war, he would point out Orion, the Pleiades, and the Southern Cross, which was visible fom Waikiki Beach. We would be interested in details of the Battleship Force Landing Exercises at the Virginia Capes.On one occasion papers here show that Jack was in charege of a shore patrol party in October. One puzzle we have concerns some papers which carefully recorded each time a member of the WYOMING passed in or out of New York Harbor.These records show that Jack passed in or out eight times - probably four times in and four times out.Do you suppose that this had anything to do with qualifying as a harbor pilot or would there be some other reason for the PORT AUTHORITY KEEPING THE RECORDS?Jack was a pilot in the waters from Cape Henry to Norfolk, Virginia and renewed his commercial steam license every five years.Jack spoke highly of Otto Nimitz, the half-brother of World War II Chester Nimitz - Otto was an officer on the WYOMING.I think Captain Laws must have relieved Captain H. B. Price shortly berfore you came aboard. Captain Price(259) was listed in command on June 15, l922 in the program of the USS WYOMING Annual Banquet in the Grand ballroom of the Commander Hotel in New York.The program has a short poem "WY-O-MING" by Lieutenat Tully Shelley, USN.About four hendred enlisted men attended, and Lieutenant Commander J.J. Brady (CHC) and Ensign H. Clarke were chairman and secretary of the Reception Committee.We are sorry that your patrol duties at Newport were so distasteful.Jack did like the fine old houses in the Newport and Jamestown area.While on the WYOMING Jack also had frequent Shore Patrol duty at Caimanera, Cuba, just outside Guantanamo.On occasion he telegraphed his family, using the French telegraph line. Jack had friends in Camaguey Province, Cuba, Edgar and Ora Waterman and their daughters Bonnie and Garda. They had a dairy ranch, and Mrs. Waterman introduced Jack to the Marine writer and artist, John W. Thomason, junior - they saw each other again off Bluefields, Nicaragua Janiuary, 1927, and I met Thomason in Peking in l931. At Pearl Harbor in l943 Jack arranged transportation for Thomason, who wrote to thank him for a veritable "luxury cruise of rest, service, and good food." Thomason wrote many stories of Marine actions in China, Nicaragua, and Chile, and a collection "Red Pants."We were interested to learn that you went through the Canal for the Pacific exercises.That is the first we had heard of it, and John will look up the ship's logs on it.Jack had an old handbook with good photos of the WYOMING- her guns and statistics about her. We understand that the WYOMING was later stripped of some of her guns under the disarmament agreement and turned into a training ship, with classrooms in the forward turrets.-Sincerely yours, -Sophie M. Barrett." #86 WYOMING 1922-3 High Pressure Price #86 WYOMING 1922-3 Wed, 13 May 1998 15:43:44 PDT On June 13, l791 Rear Admiral Alan McCracken of Bethesda wrote, "Dear Mrs. Barrett,I have your recent letter..We have been quite tied up for the past three weeks by the death of Captain Gardner whom you mention after a severe stroke. They were quite close friends and live only a short distance from us, so we have been trying to help Mrs. Gardner through her difficult times. I do remember you husband _ I can visualize him but I can't remember any special incidents that would be useful to you.. I went out to the Orient in the summer of 1941 and took command of the river Gun Boat Mindanao at Hong Kong.We were ordered to Manila, and while en route Pearl Harbor happened.We were anchored off Corregidor a short time before she surrendered, and I was actually on the island at the end, following which I spent thirty-three months in a Jap prison camp.I was rescued out of the Bilibuil prison in Manila early in 1945 and came back to San Francsico via ship, and I do not remember a stop in Hawaii though it seems we must have stopped for something.I wish you the best of luck in working up your book, sincerely- - Alan McCracken" In March-April 1922 Captain H.B. Price wrote under "Remarks" on Jack's fitness report, "Mr. Barrett has technical professional ability since the Department commissioned him a Lieutenant in the Regular Navy.He came to this ship inexperienced in gunnery or battleship duties.I talked with him and encouraged him to take advantage of opportunity to learn.To that end I put him with a very capable Lieutenant who had also been commissioned from the Reserves, in a twelve-inch turret division, who considerately gave him instruction.Mr. Barrett was put on a supervised watch and as soon as possible was put on a regular watch in port.He has been earnest and hard-working.He is of a slight stature,auburn hair, florid countenance,wears a very small red mustache.His voice is weak.In general he has a natural appearance, manner and bearing that is not impressive or officer-like.Now he is to be put in charge of a twelve-inch turret and division and see what he can do.He is decidedly an unusual type, and I do not yet know whether he can be made into an efficient Naval officer. He is being given every possible opportunity and encouragement toward that end.Thus far he seems too innocuous to handle men well."Jack wrote to the Bureau of Navigation regarding the above Remarks by Captain Price."During the period covered by this report 1-l9-22 to 3-31-22 I was away from the ship on Shore Patrol duty not less than 26% of the time.When I joined the ship l9 January l922 I expected to find a cartain amount of routine detail with which I was no longer thoroughly familiar. For that reason I was not surprised at being placed on supervised watch at first, even though supervised by officers of much less Naval experience.This and the fact that I was more readily available for Shore Patrol duty that officers with long experience in important places in this ship's organization seemed but a natural consequence of the fact that I had joined the ship in Cuban waters after its organization had been completed and was working smoothly, but it is submitted that this condition did make it somewhat more difficult for me properly to fit into dhip's organization quickly. As to gunnery training, I studied Fullan and Hart 1905 edition and Naval Ordnance l9l0 in l909, l910, and l9ll and have since read all subsequent editions- fired 3 pir Driggs Schroeder and 3 and 6 pir Hotchkiss guns eleven or twelve years ago and since 1917 have had experience with ships' guns from 1 pir to six inch - conducted elementary practice in smaller vessels, controlled fire for a destroyer SRBF and was target observer for others, but except for three round trips from Brest to New York on USS SEATTLE, flagship cruiser and Transport Force, as Watch and division officer and temporary Navigator (i) have not served in larger ships, having spent most of my tme in the Service as Executive and Navigator of smaller ships.For this reason, when I reported on this vessel, I stated that I lacked familiarity with heavy calibre guns. I have in the past furled top gallant sails,passed coal for full four hour watches, walked over forty miles without a stop and without food, remained on bridge of ship for over forty-eight hours at a time in winter- stood a regular watch in three (4 to 8 AM and 4 to 8 PM) in voyage around the world in merchant service, landed in surf on coast of Maine at Halfway rock, Wood Island, Boone Island, Isles of Shoals and other points in November and December, passed through Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden and Red Sea in latter part of May, all without ill effects.Therefore I fee l that I am physically capable of any ordinary duty.My voice has not previously been considered weak, although I have been trained to minimize loud tones,to eliminate noise and shouting.I have served on shhips where the use of more than a very subdued tone was positively forbidden on the bridge.As to handling men,I began receiving instruction in drill under arms about twenty years ago, have handled companies in close and open order infantry drill many times- have also handled men under various conditions for small arms practice with hand drawn artillery with breeches buoys in surf boats and in ships. i consider myself physically and mentally equipped to handle men anywhere." In May l922 Captain Price wrote to the Bureau of Navigation from the WYOMING: " The report was not intended to be unfavorable within the meaning of the Regulations.I was merely trying to get 'the right man in the right place' in future assignment OF THIS OFFICER TO DUTY. HE HAS BEEN VERY ZEALOUS AND EARNEST, MOST CONSCIENTIOUSLY ATTENTIVE TO his duties and anxious to improve himself professionally. On April 12 he was put in command of a twelve inch turret and division, which position he still holds.As officer of the deck he has been very alert and attentive to duty. Thus it must be observed that he has fundamental quialities of great value in addition to his extensive practical experience outlined in his statement.So it seems probable that his apparent diffidence and seeming lack of forcefulness and self-confidence in handling men will much improve as he becomes more accustomed to the duties and ways on a battleship in the Fleet." Signed,-H.B. Price May 17, l922, USS WYOMING, New York Navy Yard.In the spring of 1922 Jack was one of the watch officers when they referred to the WYOMINHG captain as "High Pressure Price". One day the Captain told the morning watch officer that he expected a senior Admiral to come aboard about noon and wanted him given every courtesy and honor..He wanted him "piped" on board and wanted to be notified the instantt the Admiral was approaching the ship so he could greet him at the gangway.By the time the Admiral appeared in full uniform with two aides also in full uniform, Jack Barrett was the Officer of the Deck, who was surprised to see the Admiral as the previous officer had said nothing to him about the expected visit and had not entered it in the log.Jack escorted the Admiral to the Captain's cabin, where the Captain appeared dismayed.As soon as the Admiral left, Captain Price in front of all the enlisted men and officers present on deck, lit into Jack, insulted him for neglect of duty in the handling of the Admiral's visit. Jack let him rave, but when the captain stopped raging Jack told him with an ironic expression on his face that the previous officer of the deck had said nothing to him of the expected visit by the Admiral.Jack chose his words carefully, and although his attitude enraged the Captain- who was blue in the face, Captain Price could do nothing against Jack, because the words were respectful.Some time later he told Jack he would take no official action against him, and the matter was dropped. Jack survived an unmerciful tongue-lashing, and won the grudging admiration of the Captain, who gave Jack responsible assignments as Turret and communications Officer. This was a crucial point in Jack's Navy career, as he won respect on large ships. He invesstigated alternate civilian employmnt around this time, but stayed in the Navy until l947, retiring withtwenty-six years Regular Navy and over thirty-three years total U.S. government service. Once when "High Pressure" Price was inspecting the crew, with Jack as his assistant, Price told a young sailor his hair was too long and not cut according to regulations. When the sailor tried to tell the Captain that his hair had been cut the previous day by the ship's barber, Price shut him up, told him to get a regulation haircut before the next week's inspection and told Jack to be sure that Price checked on the boy the next week.The boy did nothing. His hair was short and had been cut by the ship's barber.The next week when Jack pointed out the boy as the one told to get a regulation haircut, Price looked at him casually, and said, "That's much better," and dropped the matter.The crew knew the boy had done nothing to his hair and had a laugh at the captain's expense.- In June l922 Jack Barrett heard of several failures of stock brokerage houses and became suspicious when his brokerage Fuller corporation was veryt slow in sending him money fromsale of stock. As the WYOMING was at sea, he had to ask his brother Bill to go to the firm and collect the money in person. Shortly afterward the brokerage failed. Because of this experience Jack always had share certificates issued in his own name rather than having them listed under the brokerage, as has become the general practice since the Securities and Exchange Commissionh came into being l933, and various foprms of insurance have developed. In l922 when Jack's Navy chances of promotion seemed uncertain because of his age and the naval disarmament policy, he made several job inquiries, including one as editor of a technical journal. He had an interview in New Jersey with inventor Thomas Edison in person for one position, but nothing came of it.He was interested in trying to sell International Harvester equipment in Russia or in organizing ascientific expedition to Antarctica. He discussed the Antarctica idea in correspondence with Gershom Bradford at the Naval Hydrographic Office, but the movement of his ship MARBLEHEAD to China l927 interfered with any prospect of organizing something..


Sophie's sister,Bertha Pollack with daughter Thalia and nephew John Barrett p 12-92


Jack Barrett photo Overbrook Pa probably Thanksgiving l939 after Barretts returned to New York from Coronado California and tanker TRINITY---partial World War i text--Hydrographic Office DC + Navy Reserve World War I #1274 about p 77w 1-9-1-2--1-9-2-1 Edit : -from page 273 of notebook "cargo convoys. from November l8, l9l7 to June l6, l9l8 as navigators, William Bell Wait., C.O. M.S. Richardson Lieut - USS PAMLICO training vessel used by JBB two days a week at Officers Material School )(Officer Training School) Hampton Roads VA July l9l8 to March l9l9.USS SEATTLE troopsship l9 March l9l9 to 15 July l9l9. Watch officer acting Navigator Admiral Gleaves, flagship, Captain J. Blakeley. West CORUM Oc 15 to Nov 15, l9l9. WESTERNER First Officer Nov 15, l9l9 to September 10, l920. USS STRINGHAM reported at Phila Dec. 30,l920 detached Charlleston SC Feb 7, l921 C.O. T.C. Slingluff USS TOUCEY Charleston SC CO Carroll and Abbott. Exec Navigator acting C.O. Feb 8, l921 to Jan 13, l922 USS COLUMBIA reported Jan 13, l922 Charles SC CO J.K. Taussig det Guacanayabo Bay Cuba 19 Jan l922 Battleship USS WYOMING 19 Jan ol922 g of G l9 Jan l922 H.B. Price CO Guantanamo Bay shore patrol F 25-26, March 1-6 incl. 14-15, 26-27, 30-31, 7-8 Ap June 25. CO G.W. Laws by June 26. Ship at Yorktown Va Jun 25. 24 July ship at Hampton Roads Va July 1 ship at Yorktown Va l8 August ship at Newport RI Aug 8 Newp RI 23 Sep sh at Yor Va 6 December Navy Yard NY JBB returns from fifteen days leave. 11 & 16 Nov ship of Yorkt Va. also ll Oc when JBB on board to select 28 men from ship for intensive instruction radio.21 Nov WYO at Ny w22 Oc ship at NY JBB on beach guard at 96th St. ;landing oc 23-24. 14 March l923 Balboa JBB appointed to hull board. fifteen days leave starting 28 May 1923 Navy Yard NY request was 21 May. Guantanamo 31 March l923 Aug 10, l922 Newpoort RI. NITRO Finney 27 June -26 July l929 POPE July 26 to Aug 5 ESDALL Aug 5 to 14 l929 TRUXTUN Aug 14, l929 to May 20, l930 Car3y ,l JBB acting, Keliher. aws by June 265 ____ 08 --l9l2-l9l9 Hydrographic Office & World War I #08 At this time Jack took many civil service examinations resulting in taking a job with the Naval Hydrographic Office in Washington in January l9l3. He found a home with a family of Christian Scientists on A Street southeast, who gave him a fine big private room where he was allowed to keep his window open constantly regardless of the weather.He also got three excellent meals a day there & was pleased that it was within easy distance of his office at the State, War & Navy Building (where he used to see President Wilson's Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan) but he was embarassed by the teen-age daughters who used to run their fingers through his wavy red hair. He was active & on one occasion -Easter 1913- walked forty-four miles between Baltimore & Washington. On a postcard to his South Boston family he recorded starting near Library of Congress 8:30 AM and arriving Baltimore six PM. He lived in the house for several years but finally had to move out reluctantly when lightning struck the house - the storm damaged the roof so badly a great deal of water came in.This was the period when the Barretts heard from immigrant Aunt Johanna Hession aged eighty-five years, who in April 1914 sent twenty-five dollar presents to his sisters Mollie & Kate (April l9l4) & Jack's father's sister Kate Barrett who lived with her aunts at 2043 Polk Street San Francisco wrote Jack a long letter about the San Francisco world's fair l9l5-her interest in women's suffrage & in President Woodrow Wilson's Irish-American press Secretary Joseph Tumulty - one of the first Irish to hold prominent national office- & her concern with the violent actvities of the International Workers of the World ("I hope they go to Kamchatka or Patagonia - I don't care which," she wrote.Postcards from Jack to South Boston were numerous - he followed his brother Bill's progress at Boston Latin School, where they had most of the same teachers.Jack came home to Boston most holidays.His work was largely mathematical revising the tables in Bowditch's American Practical Navigator.This was the period he got to know Gershom Bradford, C.C. Ennis & other Hydrographic staffers he kept in touch with for many years. The Hydrographic Office was begun by Matthew Fontaine Maury, who took the confederate side in the Civil War. George Littlehales was one of the better known hydrographers.Jack took a public speaking course at Gonzaga college & spent much time at the DC. Knights of Columbus.He saw chess champions Albert Lasker & Jose Capablanca at the Capital City Chess & Checker Club. He memorized a poem, "If you would ruin a man, Dagger & bomb are archaic- Teach him - Inoculate him with chess. It is fortunate perhaps that chess is seldom well taught -Or we should have (the world) going to rack & ruin while statesmen pondered (their chessboards) & taxicabs made knights' moves from Charing Cross to Picadilly- & Every now & then a suicide would turn up with this tragic message pinned to its breast - 'Alas- I checked with my queen too soon.'" Jack recounted one incident of a man who had & evening date & came in "for a quick game" & was glued to the chessboard five hours later, having forgotten all about the date. In December 1916 Jack transferred from Naval Hydrographic Office to Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Their function was to promote American trade interests. Jack's language skills came in handy,and he recollected translating materials from Rumanian, a conservative language that retained a strong resemblance to the Latin he had studied many years. One of his friends there was Chauncy Snow, a nephew of New York senator Chauncy Snow, well known at that time as a wit and public speaker. Because of the War, Jack remained only four months. In l9l5 Jack always interested in the sea, joined the District of Columbia Naval Militia.Among the l9l6 members we found the name of Miles Finley, now a retired Navy Commander. On October 23, l970 Commander Finley wrote: "Dear Mrs. Barrett,Your interesting letter of September 27th was forwarded to me by Bureau of Personnel, arriving just as we were leaving for San Francisco (his home is in San Diego, California).My connection with the D.C. Naval Militia was fairly brief.As I recall the chain of events was something like this: I had served in the War Department as a Quartermaster clerk at Fort Flagler, Washington, & at Fort Riley,Kansas August l908 to January l9ll.I was again in Federal Service, Office of Postmaster General,starting August l9l2.I marched up Pennsylvania Avenue,heading a squad of telephone girls & charwomen in the Preparednesss parade, passing in review before President Wilson. As the War Clouds began to roll up, I discussed personal war plans with my good friend, Lieutenant C.G.A.Johnson, P.A. Pay (clerk) D.C. Naval Militia DCNM HEADED BY CAPTAIN MacGruder. I had thought of applying for a commission in the Quartermaster Corps, U.S. Army, but Carl asked me to go with hiim one Sunday morn to the DCNM Armory- Water and O Streets for an interview with Lieutenant Commander R.B. Bruninant (spelling?)DCNM, the commanding officer - he was chief clerk Bureau of Ordinance Navy Department. I think it was the next Monday that Carl telephoned me to go buy a uniform, that I had been commissioned Ensign, DCNM (Assistant Paymaster).- & this was followed promptly by orders to a session of Naval pay Officers' School Sept.l5-October l4, l9l6.I qualified for the National Naval Volunteers by attending this school & proving my ability.(Jack Barrett also became a member of the National Naval Volunteers by examination - Sophie Barrett note).I attended drill regularly & made one cruise in the USS SYLVIA Thanksgiving weekend l9l6 when we took Adjutant general J.C. Costner commanding D.C. Militia to the Colonial Beach area. He went duck hunting.Bunks in officer country were all filled, & & I spread a mattress in a passageway.(Jack Barrett made this cruise on the SYLVIA).Sorry these XEROX prints are so poor,but you will note 'Recruiting Campaign begun" in the 'Ready for Service' story.I was that recruiting officer, under orders of March 28, l9l7 for the purpose of making necessary preliminary arrangements for mobilization' an endorsement of April 6, l9l7 reads." You will discontinue duty under these orders received to mobilize Naval Militia."April 6, l9l7 other orders directed me to report at the Naval Militia Armory forthwith- turn over federal equipment & proceed to Naval Yard Norfolk. I then received orders to proceed to such port as the USS YANTRON may be (at) & report to the Commanding officer for duty as ordered.I remember your husband, but we met only at drills. I did not march in the March 4, l9l7 Inaugural Parade, I had not yet acquired `an overcoat. Carl G.A. Johnson did march. (Jack Barrett marched & kept postcards of the Inaugural March on March 4, l9l7.) I had a cozy seat to watch the event at a window in the old Post Office Building, Pennsylvania Avenue.I know the boys towed a field piece up the Avenue, & many sets of colors were riddled by the strong cold rain.-Miles Finley." From XEROX material D.C. Naval Militia Read for Service. Men could turn out fully equipped a few hours after call received.In a very few hours after a call for mobilization is received at the Naval Militia Armory at the foot of Water & O Streets Southwest, that organization could turn out, fully equipped one (hundred) sixty fighrting men= men who knew at least the rudiments of work aboard a man-of-war.A plan of the Navy Department to call out the Navla Militia to relieve officers and men of the regular Navy for service aboard the first-line ships of the Navy is awaiting the signature of the President.The one hundred sixty men now on the rolls are thoroughly interested- as all men who have not attended drills regularly have been dropped. These men participate in the Thursday night drills & participate in the practice cruises aboard the USS SYLVIA, the training ship loaned to the organization by the Navy.Four officers have taken the examination required by the Navy for the National Naval Volunteers. They are Lieutenant C.G.A. Johnson, asssistant paymaster, Lieutenant,P.D. Johnston commading the First Division, Ensign J. B. Barrett commanding the Second Division, & M.R. Finley assistant Paymaster. The other officers are expected to take their examinations in a short time, & the examinations of the men are now being held.A recruiting campaign has just been inaugurated in order to recruit the organization to its full strength of 445 men. Prizes have been offered by the staff officers of the battalion for the men who bring in the most recruits.Every officer & man now in the organization is fully equipped for service afloat & the Supply Department of the local organization has on hand enough outfits to completely equip two hundred men immediately.The local organization is fully equipped to handle any large number of recruits that might come in as a result of a mobilization order. Jack Barrett's service: December l9l5 Served as A.S. 2M 3c & O.M. 2c in the Naval Militia of Washington DC till August l9l6. - August l9l6 commissioned Ensign in Naval Militia of Washington DC. February l9,l9l7 passed examination as Ensign in Naval Militia of Washington DC. February 24, l9l7 Ensign National Naval Volunteers- accepted & executed oath of office.March 28, l9l7 Commissioned Ensign in the National Naval Volunteers dating from February 24, l9l7.=April 7,l9l7 Called into the service of the United States & to Navy Yard,Washington DC for duty aboard thne USS SYLVIA. --l9l7 November 8- Detached SYLVIA to duty USS MONTGOMERY as Navigator. Name changed to ANNISTON. The ship was camouflaged & did convoy duty in Carribean. l9l8 January l- became Lieutenant junior grade (jg) National Naval Volunteers for temporary service duty dating from January l, l9l8- May l7, l9l8 accept & executed oath of office. Granted two days leave from June l0 to June llth l9l8. June l3 detached USS ANNISTON to duty Naval Training Station Norfolk Virginia. - l9l8 July 1 Lieutenant in Naval Reserve Force, class two - transferred to Naval Reserve Force by act of Congresss approved July 1, l9l8 - July l0 admittted to Naval Hospital Hampton Roads Va for treatment (sinus/?) Discharge July 23.Nov, 23, l9l8 given the provisional assignment with rank & grade of Lieutenant LDO in the Naval Reserve Class two to rank from July 1,l9l8. Assignment expires Feb. 23, l920- Dec. 2, l9l8 accepted & executed oath of office. From the Commandant of the First Naval District "There is forwarded herewith a Victory Medal conferred upon you in accordance with the provisions of an Act of Congresss approved May l3, l908 directing the preparation & distribution of badges to the officers & men of the Navy & Marine Corps of the United States who participated in engagements & campaigns deemed worthy of such commemoration. The badge is issued to you by the Bureau of Navigation in recognition of your services in the World War." ." #04- #04 World War I era-April l0, l9l7 to October 22, l9l7 executive officer, navigator & watch officer on USS SYLVIA Fifth Naval District.Oct. 22 to Oct. 25 temporary duty Kazeruna (spelling?) October 25 to November l5, back to SYLVIA. November l5, l9l7 to June 16, l9l8 navigator USS MONTGOMERY later named ANNISTON along Atlantic seaboard between Newport Rhode Island, Charleston, South Carolina, & Bermuda. The Anniston was camouflaged & did convoy duty in the Carribean ( not clear if Lieutenant Barrett was aboard at that time).From June l7, l9l8 to March 2l, l9l9 he was an Instructor in Seamanship & Regulations at the Officer Material School, Norfolk (Hampton Roads,?) Virginia under Captain Quimby.One of the naval overseas vessels that were sailing had to return to port Saturday night because of the condition of the compasses.It was rather difficult under the circumstances to get an expert to compensate the compasses without considerable delay to the ship.Lieutenant (jg) Barrett was communicated with & the circimstances explained to him.He very gladly offered to go out to the ship & compensate the compasses. I want to express my appreciation for the work that he did, as it was a saving to the government & it prevented a delay of at least one day'd sailing of the vessel. Signed W.S. Whitted, Commander United States Navy, Retired." Captain Quimby sent a letter to the Bureau of Navigation:"It gives me pleasure to forward the enclosed letter of commendation in regard to the compasss work of Lieutenant J.B.Barrett & suggest that such matters should be placed in the record of Lietenant Barrett, & letter of commendation should be returned to Lieutenant J.B. Barrett from the Navy Department."On February l7, l9l9 Jack received orders to proceed to Washington DC for a three day course of instruction at the Naval Observatory.On November l4, l9l8 Lieutenant H. L. Crawford USN Retired, wrote to the Steamboat Inspectors at Tampa Florida:"This is to certify that J. B. Barrett served as Quartermaster first class in the USS ILLINOIS from July l5, l9l6 to July 26, l9l6, also as Executive & Navigating Officer on the USS SYLVIA from April 10, l9l7 to November 15, l9l7, performing all duties assigned to him in an efficient manner. he was found to be a sober, capable, & industrious office, & I take great pleasure in recommending him as such. We have the graduation programs of the classes of the Officer Material School in which Jack was an instructor l9l8, & they list the names of the graduates.After prolonged search we located one member of those classes Commander Arthur Edwin Uber, born in l897 now retired & living in Butlet, Pennsylvania: On May 4, l97l he wrote,"Mrs. Barrett: Yes! I am trhe same A.E. Uber who was graduated from the officer Material School at the Naval Operating Base in Norfolk, Virginia on 12 March l9l9. Our school was the old Pennsylvania Buiulding constructed for the Jamestown Exposition held in l907.Captain "Jack" Quimby as you mention was in charge of the school.Strange as it may seem, your late husband's name was the only other name I can remember among all the instructors & students in the school.You must remember this is all about a period fifty- two years ago.Tiny fragments of the time, if any at all,come back to me now. I am quite sure any of my recollections would be of little value to you.He was not tall - rather thin- But the name sticks. A group of us were standing out in front of the building, across from the sea wall on the other side of the street.Someone said, "Here comes 'Salty' Barrett. We saluted.He returned it!!!- Put on a big grin & waved back. He evidentrly had on his number three work uniform, since the braid was well tarnished with a greenish line.Among us in those days an officer who showed evidence of practical experience & sea duty was muchg admired & respected.See what I mean? Just a little bit of the past= 52 years ago- of no particular value.I still have my "Knight's Seamanship", which is falling apart & also my little "Bluejacket's Manual.I remember going up to Yorktown one weekend on the PAMLICO ((training ship for students in Officer material School). Quarters were crowded or non-existent.Many swung their hammocks outside on deck. It was cold - but turned warm during the night & rained.That precipiated a rush to get under cover- you can imagine..-A.E. Uber." _March l9, l9l9 Detached Fifth Naval district where served as Instructor of Seamanship & Regulations at Officer Material School Norfolk. Went to Commander, Cruiser & Transport Force, New York for assignment to USS SEATTLE - l9l9 March 31: To duty as Navigator on board the USS Seattle. Made three (four?) round trips Brest (Brittany, France)to to Hoboken New Jersey with returning troops. Smedley Butler US Marine Corps was in charge of a large base at Brest with Marines & other troops awaiting transportation. Jack was interested in Butler's career & may have seen him at this time & at Shanghai l927. It is possible Jack's acquaintance with Pacific Fleet Chapplaim William Maguire (Captain USN in l940's) may date from this time also. Some notes in Jack's handwriting stolen l993 gave chronology of an incident April l9l9 at Brest, where local civilians stole eggs from the battleship about three o'clock in the morning, leadeing to an investigation.There were severe food shortages in France 7&other parts of Europe at this period in aftermath of the Great War.--l9l9: June l9 Detached USS SEATTLE & relieved of all active duty. This was the period of the popular song, "How're ya going to keep 'em down on the Farm after they've seen Paris? How're ya going to keep them away from Broadway, painting the town? - That's a mystery." Jack was first officer of the commercial ship WESTERNER (previously a troopship) from November l5, l9l9 to September l0, l920.The Commander Richardson from Virginia was one of Jack's closer & more congenial friends & correspondents for nearly fifty years, & he & his siter-in-law Mrs. Kane kept in touch with the Barrett family until l972, when he passed away. Jack made his first trip through the Panama Canal, opened l9l4. They visited Hawaii, & Japan, where Jack took photographs of the Inland Sea & sent them to the Navy Department, which was interested in precise information on foreign ports & waterways.He wrote his father a long letter from Shanghai - his first visit to China. They took on timber & cordage materials as cargo in Manila. Until l993 we had a notebook with Jack's detailed navigational calculations of stars, latitudes & longitudes passing through the eight-degree-north channel in islands south of India. Before the advent of radio, it was important to be able to recognize many navigational stars, as only a few might be visible in cloudy weather.With somewhat less cargo than hoped they proceded through Suez & arrived Liverpool May l920. Jack could see the Irish shore, from which his grandparents had emigrated, but there was political tension in the time of the "troubles" as Ireland sought independence from Britain, & this was the closest Jack ever came to the homeland of his ancestors.The ship was bothered by thefts on the dock,& Jack as first mate complained to the police. One policeman said to him, "You'll stand by me, mate?"Jack believed he was asking for a bribe but offered him nothing.One of the officers Jack remembered pleasantly was a Norwegian named Torkelson.In London Jack saw Pavlova danced her favorite ballet role as the Swan in Camille Saint-Saens's "Le Cygne". It was probably on this trip (or in Washington) that Jack saw Sarah Bernhardt play Shakespeare's "Shylock" in her older years after having a leg amputated.He mentioned this a number of times in conversation. In December l920 Jack was commissioned as a Regular Navy Officer &^ remained on active duty until January l, l947,retiring with the rank oif Commander & more than thirty-three years combined U.S Government service including Revenue Cutter School cadet May l909- November, l9ll; Lighthouse Service in Maine l9l2 on Lighthouse Tender Zizania'; US Naval Hydrographic Office Washington DC January l9l3-December l9l6 revising Bowditch Navigational Tables & answering "Inquiries from Mariners" (as a civilian) employment in Bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce (December l9l6- April l9l7 until activated in Naval Reserve April l9l7) - here he used his Boston Latin background translating many languages including Rumanian , which resembled Latin- DC Naval Militia- Commissioned December l9l5 - summer cruise July l9l6 - activated in Naval Reserve April l9l7 through July l9l9 - then regular Navy l920 to l947


three Barretts Cynwyd


#93 p 12 Jack,John,Sophie - {J}{S}


Corinth Canal, ITASCA Revenue Cutter School cadets Wilfred Derby 19ll and Gus Stewart l9l2 #94 p 12


Calcium in Plant-Based Diets Many people choose to avoid milk because it contains fat, cholesterol, allergenic proteins, lactose sugar, and frequent traces of contamination. Milk is also linked to juvenile-onset diabetes and other serious conditions. Happily, there are plenty of other good sources of calcium. Keeping your bones strong depends more on preventing the loss of calcium from your body than on boosting your calcium intake. Some cultures consume no dairy products and typically ingest only 175 to 475 milligrams of calcium per day. However, these people generally have low rates of osteoporosis. Many scientists believe that exercise and other factors have more to do with osteoporosis than calcium intake does. Calcium in the Body Almost all of the calcium in the body is in the bones. There is a tiny amount in the blood stream which is responsible for important functions such as muscle contraction, maintenance of the heartbeat, and transmission of nerve impulses. We constantly lose calcium from our bloodstream through urine, sweat, and feces. It is renewed with calcium from bone. In this process, bones continuously lose calcium. This bone calcium must be replaced from food. Calcium needs change throughout life. Up until the age of 30 or so, we consume more calcium than we lose. Adequate calcium intake during childhood and adolescence is especially important. Later, the body begins to slip into “negative calcium balance,” and the bones start to lose more calcium than they take up. The loss of too much calcium can lead to soft bones or osteoporosis. How rapidly calcium is lost depends, in part, on the kind and amount of protein you eat as well as other diet and lifestyle choices. Reducing Calcium Loss A number of factors affect calcium loss from the body: Diets that are high in protein cause more calcium to be lost through the urine. Protein from animal products is much more likely to cause calcium loss than protein from plant foods. This may be one reason that vegetarians tend to have stronger bones than meat eaters. Caffeine increases the rate at which calcium is lost through urine. Diets high in sodium increase calcium losses in the urine. Alcohol inhibits calcium absorption. The mineral boron may slow the loss of calcium from bones. Exercise slows bone loss and is one of the most important factors in maintaining bone health. Sources of Calcium Exercise and a diet moderate in protein will help to protect your bones. People who eat plant-based diets and who lead an active lifestyle probably have lower calcium needs. However, calcium is an essential nutrient for everyone. It is important to eat calcium-rich foods every day. The “Calcium in Foods” chart on the following page gives the amount of calcium found in some excellent plant sources. A quick glance shows how easy it is to meet calcium needs. The following sample menus each provide close to 1,000 milligrams of calcium. CALCIUM IN FOODS (content in milligrams) Grains Brown rice (1 cup, cooked) 20 Corn bread (1 2-oz. piece) 133 Corn tortilla 42 English muffin 92 Pancake mix (1/4 cup; 3 pancakes; Aunt Jemima Complete) 140 Pita bread (1 piece) 18 Wheat bread (1 slice) 18 Wheat flour, all-purpose (1 cup) 22 Wheat flour, Pillsbury’s Best (1 cup) 238 Whole wheat flour (1 cup) 40 Fruits Apple (1 medium) 10 Banana (1 medium) 7 Dried figs (10 figs; 187 grams) 269 Naval orange (1 medium) 56 Orange juice, calcium-fortified (8 oz.) 300* Pear (1 medium) 19 Raisins (2/3 cup) 53 Vegetables Broccoli (1 cup, boiled, frozen) 94 Brussels sprouts (1 cup, boiled, 8 sprouts) 56 Butternut squash (1 cup, boiled) 84 Carrots (2 medium, raw) 38 Cauliflower (1 cup, boiled) 34 Celery (1 cup, boiled) 64 Collards (1 cup, boiled, frozen) 348 Kale (1 cup, boiled) 94 Onions (1 cup, boiled) 46 Potato (1 medium, baked) 20 Romaine lettuce (1 cup) 20 Sweet potato (1 cup, boiled) 70 Legumes Black turtle beans (1 cup, boiled) 103 Chick peas (1 cup, canned) 78 Great Northern beans (1 cup, boiled) 121 Green beans (1 cup, boiled) 58 Green peas (1 cup, boiled) 44 Kidney beans (1 cup, boiled) 50 Lentils (1 cup, boiled) 37 Lima beans (1 cup, boiled) 32 Navy beans (1 cup, boiled) 128 Pinto beans (1 cup, boiled) 82 Soybeans (1 cup, boiled) 175 Tofu (1/2 cup, raw, firm) 258 Vegetarian baked beans (1 cup) 128 Wax beans (1 cup, canned) 174 White beans (1 cup, boiled) 161 Source: J.A.T. Pennington, Bowes and Church’s Food Values of Portions Commonly Used. (New York: Harper and Row, 1989.) * package information Wilfred Derby was Superintendant of Coast Guard Academy New London l947-l950. In l960's living in Weston Massachusetts he used to grow Jack Barrett's seedlings of "crystal white tomatoes." In l970 he verified Jack Barrett's identifications of many cadets in l9l0 ITASCA cruise photo, and sent a letter about the cruise. His wife recollected her childhood in Hawaii. She attended Punahou School where one of her classmates became author of song "TheCockeyed Mayor of Kaunakakai."Her parents had lived in New Zealand.On this cruise the cadets passed through the narrow Straits of Messina between Sicily and the tip of the Italian mainland. This site inspired the legend of Scylla and Charybdis in Homer's "Odyssey." The visited Azonres, Lisbon, Gibraltar, Tangier, valencia, Villefranche, Genoa, Naples, bari, Venice, Austrian Trieste, and passed near Naupaktos, scene of the great l57l sea battle of LePanto, in which Miguel Cervantes autho of Don Quixote was injured. After the Corinth Canal opened l880s after an unsuccessful effort by Roman emperor Nero they passed near scene of Themistocles's great naval victory over the Persians 480 B.C. at Salamis and saw Athens and Phalerum, the Greek King, British fleet and Russiah shipos, the Greek King deposed the next year, and the Acropolis and Olympic stadium - returned home via Malta to Hudson-Fulton week New York,September l909. The l909 commander was Captain j. E. Reinburg, whose daughter married Joseph Stika, class of l9ll, who corresponded with Barrett family from Fort Worth Texas and Norfolk virginia in l970's.


John Robert Barrett with Sophie at Norfolk Virginia May l936 [#93 p 12 has May 17 corrections]


Grandpa visits when John jr. is six weeks old May l936.7100 Hampton Boulevard, Norfolk Jack Barrett photo p 12-95--gap?-


Sophie and John near vistor's car Ala Wai Boulevard p 12-96


Sophie had many seersucker dresses of various colors withsquare patterns like this one - easily washable and comfortable in humid and warm weather. - - - Nbk 8 -199 May 12, 1923 NY Times p. 17 column two N.Y. girl wins prize- Miss Nosser carries off Mount Holyoke honors for essay on poetry. Marion A. Nosser of 1230 Park Avenue New York City graduate of Washington Irving High School awarded fifty dollar Helen F. Kimball prize by English Department. Best three thousand word essay on present day English - American poetry since 1890. Judged by Katherine Lee Bates, N. J.O'Connor, Louis Ledoux, and Professors Ada Snell and Jeanette Marks. To be an annual contest. This is the first time it has been awarded. Miss Nosser had a ninety per cent average junior year in all courses.