Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos


Sophie letter to Elaine Trehub Dec 18, l974 #1125 p 60


Dec l8, l974 Sophie letter to Elaine Trehub Mount Holyoke Dear Miss Trehub In July I sent to Miss Green at Mount Holyoke College my 1919-1925 recollections of President Woolley to comply with a request fom my l923 classmate Clara Michal, who felt MEW should be brought out of the shadows.At our fiftieth reunion in l973 (which I did not attend) that matter came up that more data on our l923 honorary member MEW should be gathered while people still live who knew her.So, when Clara wrote to me as a close friend,I reluctantly wrote up my three personal sharp memories of MEW and sent them in July 1974 to Miss Green at MHC -in the summer before I read in Quarterly that she had just retired.Although I had to wander far from MHC as a Navy wife of a senior line officer in a storybook existence the world over, MHC and MEW remained close to me as I was not only in the class of l923, but I was the assistant in Economics (and Sociology) Department l923-l925 under Amy Hewes - took free courses too and was granted a Masters degree with no cost to me and much guidance by Amy Hewes,who gave freely of her time and affection for Sophie Meranski and got me every one of the fine jobs I had until I left for China to join my husband in l930.Even in far North China in l930-31, we had three Mary Woolley (era) alumnae in the Mount Holyoke Club of North China, and I sent in my small annual contribution from Peking, Tientsin, and even Shanghai.Grace Liang class of l925 of the Woolley era was one of the three members of the club.Her father had been in the Foreign ministry under the Empress Dowager at the time of the Boxer rebellion and (early l920's) addressed both House of Congress for funds for China. While we were there (he and his wife) invited Jack and me to dinner at their Tientsin compound and then even came to dinner with us on our gunboat. GraCE LIANG MARRIED DAN YAPP OF SHANGHAI,barely escaped with her life when the Communists took over- came to U.S. to teach after losing all possessions.She now lives in Waikiki, Hawaii as Mrs. Daniel Yapp. I have her address if Alumnae Office does not. My son knows many Mount Holyoke alumnae as we have traveled so widely, and I have always sought out MHC people,,as I was a happy sergeant-at-arms of my class- outgoing -knew all the faculty and most of the students in my era, and like MEW I knew names and faces, and my unusual name (Meranski) made me conspicuous!Because Clara asked my help in getting MEW data, John Barrett read the (Jeanette) Marks book (on Miss Woolley) and practically forced me to study it too.When I wrote to my successor ion Economics, Helen Demond, she spoke disparagingly of Marks's book but said archivists advised her there was not enough new material to warrant a new biography of MEW.I accepted that and rested. But John wrote to (MHC) President David Truman and to ?McClung?,and I signed the letter reluctantly.President Truman replied at once that he favored a volume that did justice to Miss Woolley's tenure in office. He said he had released Green from some teaching time to make an oral history and that a well-received alumna author had been making inquiry about her doing a MEW book.He said college had no funds to commission the job but he said he would encourage the alumna to do the job on her own with full cooperation from him.When Betty Gilman Roberts l9l9-1923BA l923-l925 AM in chemistry visited her in July l974 she talked about Woolley with John.- agreed to write to President Truman and to send her own memoir of MEW to Miss Green - which she did in Auguast l974.When roberts was told by alumnae secretary that Anna Mary Wells l926 was researching Woolley, I immediately wrote to Anna Mary who was a student at my table in Byron Smith Halll923-l924 - lovely sophomore.I wrote in great detail to Anna Mary - even about my father's reaction to President Meiklejohn of Ahmerst to whom MEW gave a Ph.d. He was commencement speaker to us in l923 with my father present. studying him and MEW on the platform.My fatheer remarked, "They will throw him out. He is too liberal for conservative Amherst and even for MHC, but I approve the man." Shortly after that the trustees demanded his resignation,and he went to the University of Chicago.MEW admired him, as did my father , and he took University of Chicago out of the dark ages. It was Mary Woolley who abolished the sororities at MHC and made enemies of many soroity members. In my day Amherst college was exclusive, very fraternity-oriented,very opposed to minority groups, to woman students - to all the things MEW was accepting with the changing times as she was open minded even though ... to required church and chapel, to ten o'clock lights out and to required walks in all weather.Had I been allowed to sing in choir I would have accepted church and chapel but I was NO sponge to sit through monotonous services, to listen to others have the joy of singing or to listen to Woolley read from Bible I knew so well from home training. So my mind would concentrate on her peculiar glasses, on her hairdo, on her ample bosom, on her ramrod figure (ample0 and even on her New England manner of speech. To this day I can hear her in chapel saying, "Don't be cheap, girls, unutterably cheap." In my China days and in my Panama days she was always at my shoulder whispering to me "No Sophie be aU.S. ambassadress of how fine American women can be.Do not smoke cigarettes, do not take cocktails, hard drinks, champagne, liquers, do not accept light flirtations, do not go to dances with young Navy officers in Chefoo Club in China under the lanterns or in Panama City 4 when the Fleet is in, and your Jack's ship is at sea AND YOU ARE ALONE IN STRANGE PORTS.Wait for him to come back before you dance, and don't drink even with him.Serve your country in every land - don't be cheap."She never said those things to me directly. But she had preached to me so successfully that I could actually hear her admonish me to be a lady.It is true that in Panama- where everything goes -my Navy friends used to say, "Sophie let your back hair down and don't be so superior and saintly. Join in the fun with the Fleet in and our men out on the survey grounds months on end. Jack was Executive officer in very dangerous surf, but I sat home alone - with young Navy officers anxious to dance and have a few drinks in really harmlesss recreation. But MEW stopped me cold.She probably saved my marriage as Jack never wanted me to go out on the town when he was at sea!It wasa MEW Woolley on a Pullman train from New York city to Springfield Massss Sunday morning June 16, l929 who told Jack Barrett he was too complimentary of all Mount Holyoke girls but not really complimentary of Sophie.She remembered my name fouryears after she gave me my Master's degree! Jack was then only a friend of mine going to my sister's wedding that day In Hartford, Connecticut. When I told my friend Jack that the lady who smiled and nodded to me in the Pullman was MEW of MHC, he jumped up, asked me to present him to her, and launched into praises of all MHC girls. He had met a number through me in New York City l928-l929. She stopped him cold to tell him it was not complimentary to me for him yo say he could date any MHC girl with equal pleasure. I repeat that was Sunday June 16. He must have gotten a marriage license the next day without proposingaswe were married on the twenty-first, two hours before he shoved off for Manila in the Philippines for nearly three years of sea duty in the Orient! MEW was my Cupid- no doubt of that!I do not believe the handsome redhead ever -5- thought of me as anything but a girl at Columbia working on her Ph.d and going placed in the field of research in psychiatric research with problem children!MEW was the agent who sent me the world over even to Pearl Harbor December 7, l941 and took me forever out of good paying jobs that copuld make me liberal (financially) to MHC. We together could contribute very little. But what publicity we gave MHC - what fine students we sent, because - though my own niece was not admitted by Harreit Newhall who told me that (my niece's ) overall picture (academci record) was not good - my niece went to Connecticut College for Women,met and married a Yale man of great wealth, got her Master's degree at New York School of Social Work, and they contribute nothing to MHC but only to Yale and Connecticut College for Women. I try to interest her in Mount Holyoke College for my two great-niece Jessica and Hilary Price. She says, "no, aunt Sophie,No child of mine will have the heartache the whole family suffered when your college turned me down with NO reason given after .. all led me to believe MHC would be gald to have your niece.She refused me at the last minute, and I would have been out in the cold if Dad (Dr. Isadore Geetter MD) had not gone to see the Presid3ent of Connecticut Colleg3 for Women." Her father was Trinity and Jefferson Medical School and director of Mount Sinai Hospital in Hartford., father of two surgeons who had gone t0o Trinity - a tradition in his family and mine! But Jack and I decided Mount Holyoke knew the score and we went right on sending very bright girls there, and one got ann Emily Dickinson scholarship - Sally Hey, and one got a $2200 annual scholarship that covered the cost of tuition and board and room and even travel from Boston to South Hadley (Marilyn Donovan). I enclose a letter from Becky Smaltz l923. I had sent it to Anna Mary Wells with Becky's consent but asked Anna Mary to retrurn init to me for Archives. Yesterday a second shorter letter came from Becky, which I sent to Anna Mary in thye hope she will eventually send tit to you. She prefers npon-confidenbtrial material go to you rather than her as she has access to all your Woolley data. RuthDouglass l923 has been a generous gold mine of material about Mary Woolley and graciously gave me permisssion to give her many points to Anna Mary Wells and I did before I read in Quarterly that material is collected and indexed by Mount Holyoke archivists. I now tell people to write to you rather than to me or to Anna Mary Wells.And I have asked Anna Mary Wells to give you all my material NOT marked "personal" and ofno relation to Mary Woolley I hope you will thank the Editor of Quarterly for quoting from mymletter ofJuly and for her fine editorial comment. She pleased a lot of older alumnae including BeckySmaltz, who wrote methat the whole write-up in Fall Quarterly is fine. Free publicity is expensive for Quarterly, so I hope you receive some valuable new data on Mary Woolley.In respons from letters from me to folks in classes of l935, l936, the reply is "Mary Woolley was away a lot and remote but we respected her and hope someone will in our time write something worthy of her." I do not eny AnnaMary Wells.Tom please many oalumnae of the Woolley era is not an enviable job.There are thyose who wanted changes and those who resisted changes. I favored changes. I knew Etherl Barbara Dietrich fairly well when she lived in President's Home and was a member of Department of Economics. andsociology in my student days l919-l923 (I had an Economics course with her), and she was kind to me as an asssitant in thgye department l923-l925.. I understand she lives in a nursing home and is mentally keen (source is Anna Mary Wells).But Anna Mary can find NO address for her. Can college sendm her address to me so I can send her Greetings of the season? Douglass thought Helen Demond had her address, but I get no reply from Demond, who may be away.I shall not intrude ondietrich's right to privacy nor question her about Mary Woolley. I would send her address to Anna Mary if I get it and let her take it from there. Anna Mary [6-10 words obsvure on [photocopy) can't find her address. I do not know how she learned Dietrich is alive and in a rest home and won't guess. My job is done about Mary Woolley and I do not intrude on Doug or Anna Mary Wells. They read Quarterly and love me. Very best wishes for a good collection of data on Mary Woolley, a pioneer in many fields. - Sophie Meranski Barrett Marginal notes - to be fitted in proper places page one archives they are lost but I wrote them in greater detail to Anna Mary Wells and hope you will ask her for them for archives. I now go Emeritus.! p. 2 Betty Gilman Roberts and Ruth Douglass wrote Anna Mary too./Some of my closest frienhds complain the concerts there now are noise! 3. I suppose the presentstudents get the music they want not intended for older alumnae. Better not to perform for them! p. 3 Ruth Douglass would allow Anna Mary Wells to send you her material if you do not have it. I not longer contact anybody about Mary Woolley. McClung did the job perfectly (refers to material in Fall l974 Quarterly) p. 4 Mary Woolley called me by name in l924, when she had NEVER spoken to me or I to her.


, Joseph Kinoshita & Louise Hall Tharp letters 1972-5 #1126 p 60 DUPLICATE


Tharp: Louise Hall Tharp Box 28 Darien Conn 06820 Feb l8,l974 My dear Mr. Barrett: Your letter of February 11 is most interesting. I saw little of Mr. William j. Barrett in Darien, but during the life of his second wife, VIRGINIIA, she and I were good friends. Their son "Billy" used to go to the beach with us, and my two boys regarded Billy as a sort of younger brother.I am happy to hear that he has sons of his own. I once met Virginia's father-in-law at her first home in Darien, which was near us. My husband suggested that you get in touch with Mrs. Grace Pugh 56 Seventh Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10015, who used to work with him and knew him very well.Ask her for the address of Mrs. Spain, who was his secretary for many years. Good luck on your project. Sincerely your, Louise Hall Tharp. (Auhor of "Company of Adventurers" "Down to the Sea" (Nathaniel Bowditch) and "The Peabody Sisters of Salem." Sophie Barrett note p. 191 of Notebook Eight Kinoshita The letter is from Joe Kinoshita, a Honolulu lawyer, who was a classmate l943-l946 grade 2-5 at Thomas Jefferson School Waikiki. We located him early l970's, and I saw him and other teachers and classmate 1990 in Honolulu, and he visited here in Port Angeles, Dec. 6, l997. He now has two college-age daughters. He has a number of clents in Japan. He was a Judge Advoaate many years in Air force Reserve and used to go to Korea for annnual two weeks active duty.After school he walked past my house onAla Wai Boulevard on his way home, and sometimes would stop and wrestle playfully on out front lawn, even thou it had sharp crabgrass.---L etter begins:Joseph A. Kinoshita 810 Richards Street Suite 705, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 JAN 13, L974 DEAR JOHN,I read again and iwth interest your last letter re: school teachers and experiences at Thomas Jefferson School. Her name was Marcia meyer She had a brother Ben who9 also attended Jefferson.We met at the Waikiki Sheraton at a class reunion for roosevelt high School The hotel was built right next to the Royal Hawaiian Hotel.I believed dshe mentioned that she had married a football player from iolani High School and has several children. I also see Jasnet Ikeda's brother who is now an attorney.I do not know whether you ever met him. I believe he was more than several years younger than we were Most ofthe girls you mentiojned in your letters are now somewhere in Honolulu living a quiet married life.Once in a great while I see Milford Chang/He was with city Hill, a home building supplies store the last time I saw him, which was several years ago.I believe he has since moved on to a BETTER POSITION WITH ANOTHER COMP[ANY. I also see Edward Masuda once in a great while. Ed or "Boya" as we used to call him is somewhetre in the Phoenix Islands on a government construction contract. I was married last year to A Honolulu girl.She attended Sacred Heart Academy for twelve years.After graduation she attended classes at a business school. She is very interested in pets, especially birds.As a matter of fact there is a small aviary in my back yard with about one hundred finches of the zebra, society, and waxbill varieties.-also a few others.We also have a parrot, which chooses to talk and squawk at the most inopportune times.- i.e. -early morning and middle of the night. it is undetermined at present as to its origin.Fran's studied guess is that it's a cross between a yellow-rope and a Panama. I live in NwiNeui Neei? Valley which is out past Waialae-Kahala toward Koko Head. The development of buildings - both residential and commercial here since the 'forties is unbelievable.In those days anything past Waialae and Kahala was considered to be pretty nearly iinto the country.But not any more. To live in the Waialae-Kahala area is now considered to be a convenient place to have a home because of its closeness to downtown.The land values in that area and for that matter anywhere in the Islands are simply fantastic even though the plots may be lease land rather than fee simple. Many of the homes in the Kahala area - where most of the land is owned by the Bishop Estate are coming up for re-negotiations of the lease rental. New lease rentals are double or triple the original amount.Although the homes are attractive, the lease rental and lease period are not favorable to the prospective home buyers.Real estte brokers are having a difficult time selling homes ^n that area. I do not have any family as yet,but I understand from my wife Fran that I CAN EXPECT AN ADDITION SOMETIME THIS SUMMER. I am presently handling all types of cases; corporate - setting up corporations for small businesmen usually'; real property deeds leases ; family law divorces, adoptions;criminal defense, personal injury, immigration. I hope to specialize someday but I do not know what area I would like to specialize in as yet.I hjave a faint idea that I would like to specialize in the international law area probably in commercial transactions with all the attendant ramifications. But I have yet to be retained by a client with strong interests in that area. I share offices with another older attorney who is heavily in real estate practicee. My office is across the street from the main post office and federal building downtown. Will close for now. aloha - joe


Babe,Jason Pollack, Mary Mathews;,Sophie from HENDERSON Oct 6,1930 #1127 p 60


10: A.M. Monday 6 october l930 Dearest Family,To-morrow at noon we are scheduled to arrive in Honolulu where Dr. Roberts and I intend to swim and to drive around taking in all the sights. He is a great old playmate, and I,m glad I found him.--On my birthday last Saturday, it was such fun way out at sea to open the birhday cards whichEsther and Babe and Geetter so thoughtfully sent to me.They are nice cards - every now and then I read them over again, stopping to dream a bit about home and each one of you. i had Ben in mind on the first of october, and several times on that day -2- I read his grand letter and hoped that all was going well with him. November belongs to Sis, Babe, Abe and Isie - I'll not forget that no matter where I am or what I am doing.--Life on board is very peaceful- we have settled down again into a well ordered routine since leaving San Francisco last Tuesday, the 30th of September. Now at 10:15 in the morning most people are sitting out on deck in the large wicker chairs- some just gazing out to sea -some talking- some reading and others, like myself, writing letters.Breakfast is long since over.I had orange juice, hot cakes, and coffee.By 8:30 I was out on deck watching two men play shuffle -3- board - a game of good exercise played with sticks and round wooden pieces, which you drive onto a court marked with plus and minus numbers up to ten. The winning score is fifty, and you score whatever number is in the block into which you have shoved the round wooden piece.--As I was watching the game,some of my pals joined me. By 8:45 four of us were playing the game, laughing and carrying on until 9:l5 when we had "man overboard" drill getting out our life jackets and gathering on the lower deck.After that I still felt energetic, so I walked around the decks fourteen times (twelve times makes a mile- I did fourteen for good measure.)Then it was ten o'clock, and I decided -4-to put a bridge table up on deck in a quiet corner and write a letter home to my very dear family.--We lost a lot of older high ranking people at San Francisco where we took on passengers more nearly of my own age and rank.Now even I am pretty important, for we sit at table according to rank, and I am at Table Two.That's pretty good considering there are eight tables-I used to be at Table Four.--Funny thing - for a whole month, from Norfolk to San Francisco I had no sign of seasickness. However, the first day and a half out of San Francisco the sea was very - end p. four remainder may be lost. Sophie sent her father David Meranski a card from Guam. Jason Pollack letter Jason S. Pollack 4A Rose Avenue, Great Neck NY 11021Nov. 8, l973 Dear aunt Sophie,The mail today bbrought your long, newsy, and ost interesting letter. It also caused a pang of shame, as I have been meaning to thank John for sending the letter from Arthur Meranski I do intend to write to Arthur, but first I must answer you.First of all, we are all fine. As you know Jon,who will be twenty in March is in his second year at Yale.He is a physics major and is working very hard, although he does seem to love it.Richie will be seventeen in February and is still in his junior year of high school.He will be starting to apply to college soon, probably to study Biology which seems to be his main interest.Ann expects to get her degree in Art history in June of l975.She loves the subject and is doing very well..Now in regard to your letter. I will send it to Teddy,but first must re-read it myself,.I found your anecdoes fascinating, and do think you should consider putting them in book form if it would be possible to disguise some of the names. I enjoyed most oof all your comments on the family and the family history.I have only the slightest memory of my grandfather, and really had no previous knowledge of the historical facts you supplied. I would appreciate any further information that you could supply. I didn't know my grandmother at all, and really don't know anything about her. I was lucky enough to know and be very close to your brother "Pete" I do remember Ben, but know almost nothing about the others. Perhaps you could write more about the family.The cousins are scattered all about, and some of us hardly know some of the others.You could help to pull all of us together.I must confess that my boys are at the age where they shy away from the camera, and that I have no recent shots. i will try to take some and pass them along to you. They are both very god kids, and I am very proud of them. Many thanks for the great letter, and even though I hate writing I do promise to keep in touch. Love from all of us - Jay. pages 147-148 notebook Eight Excerpts of letter from Babe Geetter dated January 17, l974 First of I do want to acknowledge your letter which most certainly did contain information thwat you received from Mrs. Witkower as well as the second letter from SaulSeidman. I called the elderly Mrs. Witkower just before starting this note. She was most gracious and offered the information that Meema Saura had lost her husband before leaving for America and in all probability went back to Brody from Vienna as a widow - knew Mom in Brody, and together they left for the United States. Israel Witkower was born in Europe and was a year old when he came here with his mother. Mrs. Witkower was sure that Meema was a widow when she arrived here and that Israel was less than a year old. So you see "meema" had no husband with whom to travel, and bears out my own conviction that Momma really had no connection with Vienna and that the two women and Yonkel the infant boy travelled here from Brody. They came here to stay with the Meiselmann family and Ma remained with themd until she married Pa. Also the name and address of the young Adelman girl is now Mrs. Albert Shulman, 856 Prospect Avenue, Hartford Connecticut She was Rachel Adelman and was very young when Pa remarried. [eight years old, Sophie Barrett note] Jacob "Yonkel" Ma's brother came with her at an early age. They may have traveled with widowed Meema Sura Witkower and infant Israel from Brody. John Barrett note. Records show the ship on which Mrs. Witkower and her two sons arrived in new York April l890. No one has searched whether Tolley and Jacob Goldfeld were on that same ship. They may have arrived earlier. The older Witkower boy was born in Brody l880's and his younger brother israel in Vienna l889. Tolley or Thalia goildfeld married Daivd Meranski at Germania Hall, Hartford August 8, l890, said to be age twenty, which agrees with her l925 death certificate in placing her birth in l870 or l869. Sop[hie Meranski's birth certificate indicated she was somewhat older, born about 1865l to be thirty-sic in October, l90l. Rebekah Meranski stated her mother came to USA via Hamburg Germany. Mary Mathews third cousin- Mrs. Marie Mathews 24 Pacific Avenue, San Bruno California 94066 Feb 4, l974 Dear Mrs. Barrett: I have received your son's letters but did not answer them because I had no information for him. I received your letter and di some checking, and this is the information I can give you. The family (Rings) have all been deceased for years. My own mother passed away in l966. My uncle I have not seen or heard from in over 30 years [Neil]. I have not seen my cousin Eva [Kimbrough] in over fifteen years, so you can see none of us have had a close relationship. I have no recollection of any of the people you talk about as I was very young.I can remember visiting aunt Kate and her sister on Polk Street, but that is all.The names Hession and Coleman, Murphy, Barretts, ring a bell, but I never knew them and cannot tell you anything about them. We were in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales in l972. I suppose we were close to where my grandparents came from, but we had no opportunity to look into it. Here is the information I have for you, and it mainly concerns the Rings, although you seem to be mainly interested in the Barretts and Kerrigans- John J. Ring great uncle died 7-6-05 26 years old. Frances Ring aunt died 6-9-l929 Johanna Ring (Kerrigan) granmother died 7-31-l930 ., John Ring grandfather died 4-17-l932 Mary Ring (Steigler) my mother died 9-16-l966 Neil Ring uncle died ??? Owen Kerrigan native of Ireland died 3-28-l9l0 69 years old. John J. Ring and Owen Kerrigan I know nothing of,as not been born when they were alive. I am the only grandchild of the family remaining. This is all the information I have to contribute. Very truly yours, Marie Mathews pages 187-188 oif Notebook Eight - [Sophie Barrett note Mary Ring Steigler, the mother of Marie Steigler Mathews was the daughter of John Ring and Johanna Kerrigan Ring. Johanna Kerrigan was the daughter of Mary Barrett in Ireland and C. Kerrigan}]


p 60-1128




#1129 p 60




#1130 p 60


Material not previously typed from notebook one p. 203;- When JACK WAS IN Nanking he met HaRRIET COGSWELL- SHE WAS "QUEEN OF THE MAY" AT MOUNT HOLYOKE IN 1922 AND WAS TEACHING AT GIN-Ling college, Nanking, China. When he happened to mention that his wife worked at Macy's, she said her sister worked at Macy's also.When shetold Jack she was a Mount Holyoke graduate, he told her I had attended Mount Holyoke College too.I remember what a striukingly beautiful May queen she was. Inset on p. l96 Jack met abgout all my family on this occasion. This was probably the only time Jack met my oldest brother Harry, who died of pneumonia Dec. l93l while we were in China, leaving two children, Arthur and Pearl.Harry was in the mattress and furniture business with Al Deutch, who was married to his sister-in-law Minnie Taylor.Harry's wife Sade hasd two other sisters Eva and Marion Taylor. It may clarify my later account to mention that it was Sade's sister Marion, whom we saw in Brooklyn around l940 and in San Francisco in 1947. Eva Taylor lost her fiance, who died just before they were to be married.She was a nurse and worked at Hartford Mount Sinai hospital.p. 204---I was concerned on not hearing from Jack, but he sent a radio message - "Hold everything as is - letter follows." I had the "Rice and fish" card framed and put in on my wall.In his letter he explained that the heat and humidity bothered his sinuses- that his failure to write was due largely to the climate of the Philippines, and that the climate and constant movement of the ship in Philippine waters and in Chinese seas prompted him to refrain from inviting me to join him.He also said that he had applied for duty on the Yangtze River Patrol in China- a job he really wanted-and thaT IF HE got it, he knew of no place I could live safely and comfortably because the Chinese War Lords were always shooting at each other's troops and ships.So the "fish and rice" card, his honest letter, and a few little inexpensive silver rings fashioned in Zamboanga quieted my anxiety.An old friend Mr. Emanuel Lyons took me to Schraft's for Thanksgiving dinner (l929) and also took me to theater and dinner once a week.He knew Jack - was one of the very few who knew about the quick marriage ceremony - and did his best to give me some pleasant evenings.One or two nights a week I took Macy's Executive Training course.I learned to play bridge and often spent the evening playing cards with Anne and Ivan and young Harold Nelson.I read books, but the evenings and Sundays were dull., A Yangtze river patrol boat which he could command would be more interesting to him as he could navigate thousands of miles up the river to many Chinese cities. However, in may l930 he went from the destroyer TRUXTUN to the gunboat TULSA stationed at Tientsin, North China. He was briefly Executive Officer until more senior Leonard Dought arrived, but most of the time he was gunnery oficer l930-31, winning the Asiaitic Fleet annual gunnery competition spring-summer l931. This helped his promotion to Lieutenant Commander at the end of l931 after taking physical and written exams. Commander Paul Rice and Marines under William W. Paca contributed to the gunnery success.Jack discussed gunnery methods at Peking with his Revenue Cutter School friend William Rupertus, who was at Peking several years in Marines. Since the TULSA spent almost all of the time at dock in Tientsin on theai Ho River or when water was low thirty-five miles east at the dock at Taku Bar, Jack was able to make inquiry about having me join him in Tientsin.An old Navy friend of Jack's, whom I had met in New York,E.V. W. Keene was in charge of dependents' transportation, and when I went to see him June 23, l930,he was most kind and cooperative and told me he would look into transportation for me and would arrange for my typhoid and cholera shots and for my smallpox vaccination.At first he considered the Army transport GRANT going to Manila and advised Jack to investigate what transportation would be available from Manila to Chingwangtao.By July 25 Captain Keene and Jack had settled on Navy transport HENDERSON leaving Hampton Road, Virginia onAugust 20, l930 and arriving at Chingwangtao November 13, l930.I saw Captain Keene on July 25 and August 6. Among other things he gave me my transportation on the HENDERSON from HAMPton Roads Virginiia to Chingwangtao, China, gave me rail transportation from New York to Hampton Road Virginiia by Pullman sleeper the night of August 18, l930 - made sure I had all my shots and vaccination and gave me a special passport for travel in China and Japan.When I gave Macy's two wees notice that I was leaving for Chiona they gave me one hundred (end p. 205) Louise Hall Tharp Box 28 Darien Conn 06820 Feb l8,l974 My dear Mr. Barrett: Your letter of February 11 is most interesting. I saw little of Mr. William j. Barrett in Darien, but during the life of his second wife, VIRGINIIA, she and I were good friends. Their son "Billy" used to go to the beach with us, and my two boys regarded Billy as a sort of younger brother.I am happy to hear that he has sons of his own. I once met Virginia's father-in-law at her first home in Darien, which was near us. My husband suggested that you get in touch with Mrs. Grace Pugh 56 Seventh Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10015, who used to work with him and knew him very well.Ask her for the address of Mrs. Spain, who was his secretary for many years. Good luck on your project. Sincerely your, Louise Hall Tharp. (Auhor of "Company of Adventurers" "Down to the Sea" (Nathaniel Bowditch) and "The Peabody Sisters of Salem." Sophie Barrett note p. 191 of Notebook Eight


Bradford 1975,algae (**)haptophytes #1131 p 60


from Gershom Bradford 3333 Wisconsin Avenue, Washington D.C.200l6 postmarked 23 July l975 Dear Mrs. Barrett and john, Life in a nursing home is dull, and if you allow it, depressing. Yet with us happily together and blessed with loyal friends, we enjoy breaks in the monotony. such as getting out to lunch and havingcallers drop into our little caboose. WE make these calls interesting and light if not really folly, so they will call again, - and they do. I think of you following the Red Socks ups and downs. A friend loaned me a SONY TV "as long as I wanted it" so I have watched one or two games.We do not use it much but like the news - big events like the space spectaculars and Sundays "Meet the Press" and Lawrence Welk. The food is not much like home, but doing so little we need less, and I believe we have enough, though I have lost much weight.I seem to crave fats.I have been interested in the wide publicity given to the "Bermuda triangle" so-called.It is an area of rough seas owing to the storm waves fighting the great flow up the Gulf Stream. Confused seas are the result, and occasionally a built-up tremendous wave.There are many disappearances, but no mysteries- all go down by the same natural cause.All seafaring men I know believe this.- yet by introducing mystical influences at least these authors have had best seller. In l920 I got a blow-by-blow account of the foundering of a steamer down there from the sole survivor - the second mate.He launched a lifeboat - it immediately capsized. he clung to the keel, went unconscious- was hauled ashore on the coast of Florida, sent to hospital. In ten days he was able to travel to Boston, where he told me his story- no mystery - the story of scores of vessels where there were no survivors.- I hope, john, you got to Ireland- I know how much you enjoy it.Nothing moving with my General Wild (no E) manuscript, and I do not expect.The chance was lost when Barre publisher failed.I was their third book, and my Mariners' Dictionary Third Edition was near their last - very sad.Mrs. Bradford, past one hundred one is doing well considering the years- very well - goes out to lunch and enjoys it. With the hope that all goes well with you, we send our best wishes. Sincerely- Gershom Bradford.Among Gershom's writings was an article "The Mary Celeste- no not again!" He believed a waterspout was the most probable reason the five man crew abandoned their New Bedford-based fishing vessel November l872 apparently iin good condition one morning near the Azores- they got into their small boats and disappeared. The region has frequent waterspouts at that season - local tornados that draw water and sometimes fish high in the air. Gershom grew up in Kingston, Ma. His father Gamaliel had been a whaler l850's in Pacific, and was Union Navy Captain in Civil War.Both Gershom's parents were descendants of Plymouth colony first Governor Robert Bradford l620, and he wrote many stories aboutSquanto and the Plymoth settlement.. I believe both Gershom's grandfather's were clergymen, and his mother's surname was Phipps.His great-grandfather was also named Gershom, and his home in Kingston or Duxbury has been preserved at a historic site.A uncle by marriage Frederick Knapp was an assistant to Frederick Law Olmstead on the Sanitary Commission, which treated sick and wounded Union soldiers inthe Civil War. Laura Wood Roper interviewed Gershom about the Sanitary Commission, and the material appears in a footnote in the Olmstead biography "F.L.O." Olmstead is principally remembered as Americ'as leading landscape architech, who designed more than five hundred parks including Boston's Arnold Arboretum and New York Central Parl. A native of Connecticut, he managed a California goldmine and persuaded President Lincoln to give Yosemite Valley to the state of California for a park, later made park of Yosemite National Park l890.Gershom Bradford worked at the Naval Hydrogrphic office l908 to l942 and was eitor of their Notices to Mariners l935-l942, when he retired for heal;th reasons.He was very kind to Jack Barrett l9l3-l9l6, when Jack worked primaraily on revision of Bowditch Navigational tables and also answered "Inquiries from Mariners."They continued correspondence about mutural friends and nautical and scientific and weather topics for more than fifty years.Around l9l9 Gershom married Mamie Lightfoot of an old District of Columbia family, and they lived on the Lightfoot property at 4701 Reservoir Road NW until about l974 - the German embassy was next door in the l970's. Mamie lived to age one hundred three, and Gershom, born May 10, l879, lived one month short of age ninety-nine to A[pril l978. He accepted honorary membership0 in Sons of Union Veterans from James Marley not long before he died. Gershom studied azt a Massachusetts schoolship that was forerunner of Massachusetts Maritime Academy/. He helped lay out in l902 a Naval trial course at Provincetown, where in December l927, the Navy submarine S-4 collided with the Coast Guard cutter PAULDING and sank.Around World War I Gershom was an instructor at some sort of Maritime School in New York State.Gershom was well acquainted with Walter Whitehill of Boston, many years editor of American Neptune Magzine, published at Peabody Museum of Salem, Massachusetts.Gershom wrote many articles for American Neptune Magaine, and some were included in two books "Yonder is the Sea" and the sequel "In with the Sea Wind."He also published three editions of "A Dictionary of Sea Terms" Third edition Barre press l972.Gershom was a friend of Felix Riesenberg senior and junior - author of Under Sail, Cape horn, the Pacific Ocean, In later years Gershom wrote many articles for the weekly "Duxbury Clipper." Until advanced years Gershom usually spent some time in the summer in Duxbury or Kingston, and Jack Barrett visited him there abourt l948. in letters Gershom mentioned an article about Daniel Webster s son ehe wrote for Old Sturbridge Vill;age magazine. Daniel Webster lived in Marshfield some years. Bradford's last research was on his mother's uncle \Brigadier General Edward A. Wild, who commanded black troops in the Civil War and was commended by General Butler.My recollection is that Gen. Wild hanged. a Confederate for atrocities again black Union soldiers, though he may have exceeded his authority.. Mrs. Bradford's niece Mrs. LaRoe of Toledo Ohio gave the Barrett family a photo of Gershom Bradford, which appears on the memoir website at amonmg barrett photos. Any further information on Gershom and his writings and family will be appreciated. The Barrett family became acquainted with Gershom's second cousins Dr. Charles Bradford and his brother Robert and sister Elizabeth. Dr. Charles Bradfrod, son of a dean of Harvard mecial School who invented the Bradford orhthopedic frame, has written many histoical articles inclusing Battle Row - Lexinton - Dorchester Heirghtsd, and an account of the Civil War ironclads Merrimac and Monitor. Book review THE HAPTOPHYTE ALGAE by John Barrett begun Aug. l3, l995: QK569.P974.P79 OXFORD Scientific Publications The Systematics Association Special volume #51 edited by J.C. Green (Plymoth Marine Laboratories) & B. S. C. Leadbeater (School of Biological Sciences,University of Birmingham, U.K.) l994 Clarendon Press acquired by Farlow Cryptogamic Library Harvard May'95.Until recently haptophyte algae have been a difficult group to study because of their individual very small size and abundance in the deepest photosynthetic layers of oceans and near polar sea ice, but they are estimated to contribute 37% (plus or minus 20%) of oceanic nanoplanktonic biomass worldwide and in the Pacific Ocean 13% (plus or minus 9%) of total autotrophic biomass (H.A. Thomson, K. R. Buck., & F. P. Chaves ch 10 "Haptophytes as components of marine phytoplankton."Eleven unmineralized genera with eighty species are presently recognized and seventy calcified coccolithophorid genera with two hundred species pp.187-208.The most abundant calcified species Emiliana huxleyi forms huge 'blooms' om temperate oceans-it first appears as fossil 278,000 years BP & became common 85,000 years ago.Unknown in Paleozoic, calcareous nanofossils are abundant from late Triassic to present & much used for biostratigraphy."Most nanoliths were probably formed by haptophytes."=Ch20-"Paleontological prespectices" J.R. Young,P.R. Brown,and J.A. Burnett,pp.379-92.Modern coccoliths underwent radiation in the Jurasssic and Paleocene.Near the end of the Cretaceous eighty per cent of species became extinct.Exceptionally preserved fossil deposits "Lagerstatten" typically are laminated,organic-rich sediments in anoxic bottom conditions in eutrophic basins with restricted circulation.They may be atypical, with material from algal blooms.Deep-dwelling Quarternary Florisphaera and Pliocene Discoaster have been studied in relation to Milankovitch climate cycles that marked Pleistocene glaciation.The appearance of Antarctic sea ice affected haptophyte taxa around the Oligocene.L.K.Medlin, G. Barker,M. Bauman, P. Hayes, & M. Lange report "Molecular biology and systematics Ch. 21 pp. 393-412. Their interpretation of three ribosomal RNA studies concludes the Haptophyte host cell is a distinct eukayotic lineage outside Chromophyta/Oomycophyta,with which taxonomists long lumped them.On the "phylogenetic position of the haptophyte plastid" p. 396"The Rhodophyta,Chromophyta,Cryptophyta,& Haptophyta have plastid-encoded RNA genes suggesting a cyanobacterial ancestor.(Markowicz & Loiseaux de Geer l99l) but their Rubisco large and small subunits are related to those of beta-purple photosyntheticbacteria.Fujiwara'93,Assasli;Douglas;Valentin-Zetsche'90"Green algae Chlorophyta have a different history, with both rRNA and Rubisco gens from cyanobacterial ancestors.Molecular evidence of Douglas et al. l99l supports Gibbs's l98l ultrastructural evidence of a second endosymbiosis involving a red alga and hence three to four membranes around plastids of cryptophytes,haptophytes,dinoflagellates & chromophytes.Ch.22 pp. 413-36 morphologist T. Cavalier-Smith "Origin & Relationships of Haptophyta lists character states Haptophytes appear to share with Chomophytes and Dinoflagellates: thylakoids stacked regularly in threes; chlorophyll c3; fucoxanthin; location of plastid in double envelope with a protein targeting mechanism; autofluorescent flavin in the rear cilium;& perhaps filaments within the tubular cristae of the mitochondria.At pp. 427-429 Cavalier-Smith suggests the haptonema appeared suddenly by mutation of the flagellar apparatus, making previously photosynthetic cells into efficient phagotrophs, using membrane surface glycoproteins to stick to bacterial prey. Subsequently, calcium pumps and gatable calcium channels in smooth reticulum conferred ability to coil and bend a long haptonema- most developed in phagotrophic taxa like the fifty Chrysochromulina species,some of which dominate seasonally dark polar seas.I. Inouye & M. Kawachi describe "Haptonemas" ch.4 pp.73-90.The haptonematal membrane glycoproteins or glycolipids bind with concavalin A, and experiments on myxotrophic Chrysomchromulina hirta indicate the haptonema surface has an unusual positive charge.This distinct domain caused attachment of carboxylate or albumin-coated latex microspheres with a negative charge,& a similar effect occurred with bacteria, which are believed to have negatively charged cell surfaces.Haptonema coiling is extremely rapid - 1/60th to l/100 second or less (uncoiling is slower). One function is obstacle-sensing in species that swim with the haptonema extended forward. The shaft or free part of the haptonema has usually six or seven microtubules surrounded by a ring of three concentric membranes of endoplasmic reticulum (ER).The cytoplasmic core contains ribosomes.A semicircular gap of the microtubules at the base of the haptonmema is aligned close to the more mature of the usual two flagellae - the one which is conventionally called the "left" flagellum - this arrangement characterizes most taxa- the Prymnesiales and related coccolithophorids and Isochrysidales. The Pavlovales diverge in molecular trees and many morphological features.J.C. Green and R. W. Jordan review "Systematic history and Taxonomy" ch. one pp.1-22.Ehrenberg discovered crystallites in chalk 1836. (North Sea oil and chalk cliffs of Dover,England are work of Late Cretaceous haptophyte-coccoliths.). Huxley reported coccoliths in deep sea deposits l858 and Wallich reported coccospheres.Stein found fresh water coccoliths l878.Murray & Blackman 1898 confirmed algal origin of coccoliths.Scherffel l900 made first record of "third flagellum" or haptonema.By electron microscopy l955 Parke showed haptonema is not a flagellum, and Manton described unmineralized scales.Coccoliths were studied with scanning electron microscope l972 and l972-6 Hibberd separated division Haptophyta and typ[ified class Prymnesiophyceae.Haptophyte chloroplasts have no girdle lamella.Tubular hairs are never found - a difference from Chromophyta-heterokonts. There are usually two sub-equal flagella.A haptonema or reduced trace is usually present. Silicification is rare.Many species have calcified coccoliths.Unmineralized body scales are basically fibrillar two-layered plates. Eyespots occur only in order Pavlovales. and are not associated with flagellar swelling except in Diacronoma vlkianum.. They are usually associated with invagination of plasmalemma. Ch. 2 pp 23-46 B.S.C. Leadbetter covers "Cell coverings. Order Pavlovales do not have microfibrillar scales but may have knob scales on outer surfaces of plama membrane.Two-layered microfibrillar scales occur in most Isochrysidales, Prymnesiales, and Coccolithophorales.The proximal layer has a quadrilradial pattern. More variable spiral or interwoven patterns occur in the outer layer.Scale and coccolith production in Golgi apparatus has been studied in Chrysochromulina, Coccolithus,and Pleurochrysis.The function is not well understood.Coverings might help catch food or protect against radiation, salt or toxins.J.C. Green and T. Hori describe "Flagella and Flagellar Roots" ch 3 pp 47-72 and "Mitosis and Cell Division Ch. 5 pp 91-110.In the main group Prymnesiophycidae, there are two basically similar flagella, but the left or mature flagellum has a basal body that remains unchanged in structure and position during mitosis.Ch 9 pp 167-186 treats "life cycles."A haplo-diploid cycle is considered an adaptation to a seasonally variable environment or two different niches. Syngamy and meiosis are difficult to observe, as chromosome counts and nuclear stain cytology are generally not feasible due to the small size of the cells.Flow cytometry may be helpful.Billard and other researchers believe alternating haploid and diploid stages are widespread, perhaps usual in Haptophyta.Two fundamental types of coccoliths are known.Heterococcoliths are formed intracellularly, apparently in diploid cells, with elements of different sizes and shapes, whereas the calcification stage in holococcoliths seems to take place extracellularly.One example is the production of Placoliths by the non-motile diploid cells of heterococcolith "Coccolithus hyalinus".One of the few colonial planktonic haptophytes is the widespread bloom-forming genus Phaeocystis, where evidence is accumulating that colonial cells are diploid, and some small scaled motile unicells may be haploid gametes.Chrysochromulina, Prymnesium,Platychrysis, Hymenomonas,Ochrosphaera, Turrisphaera,Trigonaspis,Emiliana are other genera where life cycles are under study.More than forty-five scientists contributed to this superb, well-organized volume - briefly noting the remaining twelve chapters:Ch 6 "Photosynthetic pigments in the Haptophyta pp 111-132 S. Jeffrey & S.Wright - all haptophytes contain chlorophylls a and c1/c2, beta,beta carotene and diadinoxanthin.Various fucoxanthin-related pigments identify four sub-goups.Further refinement will assist studies of taxonomy,abundance,and distribution.There is probably a photoprotective function of an epoxide cycle that converts diadinoxanthin to diatoxanthin in light and reverse in darkness.Fucoxanthin aids energy transfer.Ch. l9 "Lipid biomarkers" pp 351-378 M.Conte J.Volkman G. Eglinton review other new evidence.Ch 7 p. 133-148 and Ch 8 pp 149-166 review "Cellular Regulation" Brownlee Himer-Dong Merrett and "Mechanisms of Calcification" DeVrind DeJong. Heterococcolith formation in Emiliana huxleyi and Pleurochrysis carterae have been studied in detail,and an acid polysaccharide with thirteen different monosaccharides has a central role. The organic base plate on which crystals are nucleated is less well understood.Progress is being made on complex metabolic interactions of photosynthesis,calcification, membrane transport, role of carbon dioxide,carbonic acid,cacium ion cytosols,acidity-alkalinity, and a role for phosphoenol pyruvate carboxylase in carbon fixation.Ch. 12 pp 229-246 G. Lancelot and V. Rousseau"Ecology of Phaeocystis" : the key role of colony forms"..."They regularly form dense, nearly specific blooms in ...nutrient-rich areas of the world's oceans....No other marine phytoplankter has even been shown to dominate an entire ecosystem.... attributable to the capacity of Phaeocystis colonial cells to synthesize in nutrient-deprived conditions - exopolysaccharides capable of gelation." Ch. 13 ppp 247-264 H. Jones et al."Mixotrophy in Haptophytes" Chrysochromulina is widespread and important.Mixotrophy is important in seasonally dark environments and complicates assessment of overall ecoloigcal roles of Haptophytes. Ch. 14 pp 265-286 O. Moestrup "Economic aspects 'blooms' nuisance species and toxins and Ch. 15 S. Jeffrey et al. "Haptophytes as foodstocks in Mariculture" (Pavolva.Isochrysis fast growing flagellated stages often vulnerable to ultraviolet B). Ch. 16 pp 303-320 G. Malin- P. Liss S. Turner "dimethyl sulfide: production and atmospheric consequences" (viacloud formation and albedo) Ch 17 pp 321-334 P. Westbrook and eight others "Emiliana huxleyi as a key to biosphere-geosphere interactions (via carbon cycles) & Ch. 18 pp 335-350 K.Takahashi - "Coccolithophorid biocoenosis: production and fluxes to the deep sea"these six chapters superbly document the great ecological signifiance of Haptophytes and challenges for further research.This landmark text is highly recommended to all botanists, biologists, morphologists, environmentalists and general readers.


1917yrbk,BRF'26,#1132 Brody L-E-T-T-E-R-S McCormack p 60


duplicate some photos in Hartford libraries:A few year ago Tinity college library archivist Peter Knapp very kindly sent me a picture of uncle Izzy or Peter _ Israel Peter Meranski from the l926 Trinity Year Book- why it is in the l926 Year Book when he graduated l925 I don't know but such is the case. My photocopy was stoled or destroyeed b yby Thomas Boczkowski West Roxbury l993.There was no l9l9 Hartford P{ublic High School yearbook because of post-World War I paper shortage,but thereare excellent photos of aunt Bertha Meranski (Pollack) in the l9l7year book and her chums Lynette Silverberg and Eva Levin (Mrs. Bacon,a Pollack cousin).There are individual photos of thgese three, andthey appear topgether in groups of theGirls' Business Club and GleeClub. These pictures are "digitalized" and ordinary photocopies willbe very clear on WEBSITE. I will cover costs.Librarians would probablydo it - but ifLaurn or somefamily memberwould like to make a few dollars, I would be very happy to pay and it might be quicker and easier. Any ideas/ - I will E amial this quickly before coomputer malfunctions and erases. I will pray for your father - I know you areall extremely suportive. Please say hello to everyone including Millie,Mrs. Trouboff, the Geetter cousins, and Rachel and Albert Shulman.More soon. Shalom- Gut yontiff Gut Yur. - John Subject: Gershom Bradford l926 on Antarctic project To:, In l926 Lieutenant Jack Barrett and a friend on the Light Cruiser MARBLEHEAD were hoping to get backing for an Antarctic expedition such as Richard E. Byrd later took.Jack had worked l9l3-l9l6 at the Naval Hydrographic Office and wrote his friend Gershom Bradford, who worked there starting l908 and was editor of Notices to Mariners l935-l942. He received this reply dated New Year's l926-l927 from "4701 Reservoir Road, Washington, D.C." (Gershom called Jack "Doc"]: "Dear 'Doc', Well- well it was good to hear from you again. Your expedition sounds most interesting, and you ought to get a kick out of it. I feel complimented that you would consider taking me along, but fear my physique is not up to a strenuous proposition like that. It would be the high water mark of a man's life to cruise the Antarctic ice pack.--I have not looked over conditions there as completely as I shall, but - here are the high points I have in mind as valuable for hydrographic scientists: If possible when in on the land get all tidal data that you can. A controversy is breaking out again on the tidal thing. It has been the subject of disputes for centuries, and finally [l9l0] Dr. R.A. Harris an estimable gentleman whom I knew, combating all European theories, brought out a new proposition known as the stationary wave. He ideas were most generally accepted- the Germans among them. Now came our office with a pamphlet- by a Captain Lee USN espousing the ideas of Whewell, an Englishman, - advanced long ago and from my knowledge rather generally discarded, I thought. This thing is that all tides originate with the westward moving tidal wave of the Southern Ocean. I feel it a bit too bad to throw an American's work into dispute in favor of a foreigner's after he had practically won a valiant struggle single handed and without the aid of financial power, social prominence or high position.He got $1800 (a year) in the Coast Survey when I knew him. So you see tidal data might prove valuable in the Southern Ocean. Next I suggest a careful study of ocean currents.This is the subject they know very little about.Some say winds- some rotation, some differences in ocean heat and some barometric pressure. I line up with the latter, though it has few adherents. That sounds egotistical, but after watching thousands of current reports - coupled with a small amount of practical experience - I find the currents run any and every way - shift without apparent cause in a few hours - two currents running in opposite directions infringing on each other in the open ocean is not uncommon. Even the Gulf Stream stops occasionally - not in the Straits of Florida - at least on the surface. Such things all point to very transient changes, and the only element of course that changes quickly is barometric pressure.I am preparing an article on this subject - if it ever gets completed, I will send you a copy. Another feature of Antarctic conditions which would be interesting to study is the size of icebergs. We have the most extravagant estimates from merchant masters and others,-and you know how prone we all are to overestimate such things.To take a log distance and establish distance , then measure with sextant would be simple and sufficiently accurate.This study could be carried further. I am not very contented with my work in the office, but I should be, for they are paying me three thousand dollars (a year] ,and I own my own home.They have me on the simplest routine stuff, and I feel after twenty-five years of living with ships and nautical stuff I ought to be using my time better.However, I want to stay a few more years- then I dream of getting out and doing more what I want to. In the meantime I enjoy my home and friends, have a car,and really am most fortunate. I have a little nautical dictionary coming out in March.I have worked on it for a long time."Yachting" Publishing is bringing it out.I must send the last of the page proof today. Mrs. Bradford joins me in New Year's greetings to you and yours. Sincerely,as ever - Brad - P.S. "Plum" (Plummer) is in the Coast Guard, but have not heard from him for a long time. Copied by Sophie Barrett notebook #5 pages 134-136 surviving in photocopy Aug 29, l973 Ivan McCormack letter notebook Eight received from storage June 26, l998- +You asked to know what I know about Brody! I did have a map of the ukraine,and Brody was on it.- in- I beleive - the vicinity of the bug river. It was in the territory ceded tomPoland, and the inhabs were Uk, Po, and jewish. They all went to different churches and di ot integrate until they arived in Brooklyn and intermarried. It was in the areas of kiev, and Lvov or Lemberg. There once existed in the Kiev area a horse-back riding tribeknown as the Brodniki which survived by fishing, horse trading and thieving.The Brodniki wqelcomed the Mongols and a few centuries later fraternized with the turks.-but never integrated with poles or the moscow Russians.This tribe was a forerunner of the Dneiper Cossacks. The Ukrainians were God-fearing, flower-loving and musical. In theirearly history it was illegal to sell bread because they considered bread was God given. Eventually the fertile Ukrine became the bread basket of Euope. I knew Teddy Diadio, prnounced Ja