Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos


Sophie Meranski Barrett 1901-1987 and Gertrude Hammond Rice l893-l996 {S} {9}


l931 China probably at Chefoo time of spring Asiatic Fleet exercises.Gertrude Rice did a great deal to make newlywed Sophie Meranski Barrettt at home is faraway China where very few English-speaking women lived at the time #49 p 7


Ted Meranski son of Sophie's brother Abe and Ethyle Berenson Meranski late l930's p 7 #50


Ted Meranski survived childhood poliomyelitis with largely complete eventual recovery. He and his mother Ethyle and sister Carol Jane visited the Barretts l940 at 96l5 Shore Road Brooklyn and went to World's Fair at Flushing with perisphere and trilon and to Jones Beach, Long Island. He presently works in Post Office Miami Beach. His three married children Mrs. Aleen Mercer, Michael Meranski, and Arnold Meranski have families in Raleigh North Carolina, Grenanda West Indies, and Steamboat-Denver Colorado. Aleen is a lawyer, Michael operates a hotel. Arnie is in real estate and finance.


Mr. and Mrs. JohnRobert Barrett with daughters Mollie and Kate center and Mrs. Barrett's sister Kate Kernan left and cousin journalist John Lambert right p7-51 {P} {M}


Back yard 640 East Seventh Street South Boston near peach tree- left to right Mrs. Kate Lane Kernan, Mrs. Mary Lane Barrett born New Hampshire l857, Mollie + Kate Barrett, John Robert Barrett Nov. 29-l854-August 21, l942 and journalist John Lambert of Portsmouth Nova Scotia, Media friend of President Calvin Coolide and Lane second cousin many years with Hearst newspapers + Extremely distant galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field Observations of the famous Hubble Deep Fields North and South with the space telescope's WFPC2 and NICMOS IR cameras as well as ground-based telescopes have led to the identification of over 4000 extremely distant galaxies (see Update # 118 - last story - for earlier work by the same group). While spectra of these faint galaxies cannot be taken with current large telescopes, it is possible to guess their redshifts from photometry in just a few color bands quite reliably: Nearly 1000 galaxies in the HDF have redshifts greater than 2, more than 50 have redshifts greater than 5 - and the redshifts of several galaxies even exceed 10! While this is remarkable by itself, it could also revolutionize our understanding of the star formation history of the Universe. Previous analysis of ythe HDF had suggested that star formation reached its peak relatively recently, at roughly half the current age of the Universe. But the new data show no such peak: The activity continues to increase as one looks back farther and farther in time. The early Universe was much more active than believed, with star formation proceeding at more than 100 times the present rate - a challenge for theorists. (SUNY Press Release of Jan. 12th) Illustration for the Press Release (which itself was not found online - sorry). Recent work by Lanzetta & al.: on galaxies of redshift > 5, on the photometric redshift method and on redshifts of faint galaxies in STIS slitless spectra. The SUNY HDF galaxy redshift analysis page with a catalog. Somewhat related news: A new atlas of compact groups of galaxies contains 76 previously unknown cases of these densest galaxy environments known, where the members evolve more rapidly than when isolated: SDSS Release. What slows down stars? 'Magnetic disk-locking' questioned How do young stars get rid of the enormous spin they must acquire when the condense out of their birth cloud? Leading star-formation theories currently use a mechanism called magnetic disk-locking, in which still-forming stars can become magnetically "locked" under certain circumstances to the slowly swirling disks of gas and dust that are frequently found to encircle young stars. The young star's field acts as a sort of leash, tying the star to its disk and braking it down. But an infrared search for such disks around young stars in active stellar nurseries has turned up many without disks - and on the other hand fast rotating young stars were common. This means that another braking mechanism must be invoked: Perhaps stellar winds carry the angular momentum away at one point? (Press Release of Jan. 12th) Press release not found online - here's the publications list of the main author. Somewhat related news: The early stages in the formation of a star cluster, MWC 1080, have been images with Adaptive Optics, revealing 10 times more faint cluster members than known before: IFA Press Release. The fine structure of the ISM in the Galaxy is being surveyed in the radio: Press Release about progress for the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey. "Superbubble" led to formation of a ring of molecular clouds A new analysis of a survey of molecular clouds has now led to the conclusion that the creation of several star forming clouds in our galaxy was triggered by a battery of massive supernova explosions 40 - 50 million years ago: Most of the star forming clouds within a few thousand light years of our sun are expanding away from a central location. This point in space also coincides with a large, 50 million-year-old star cluster in the constellation Perseus - and a series of supernova explosions there seems to have created a "superbubble" of superheated gas in interstellar space that pushed ambient thin gas into a "supershell" of denser, cool gas - which eventually fragmented into dark clouds of star forming gas (i.e. molecular clouds) on the perimeter of the bubble In early stages superbubbles grow rapidly as gas heated by supernovas expands quickly into the galaxy. Our galaxy is a collection of gas, stars and dust, flattened into a thin disk like a CD. The gas in the disk of the galaxy gets thinner as away from the center plane, similar to how the Earth's atmosphere becomes thinner at higher altitudes. As the nearly spherical bubble grows, it expands more quickly where the gas is thinner and balloons out, like the mushroom cloud from a nuclear explosion on Earth. In the middle of the disk the expansion slows considerably as much of the high pressure hot gas expands into the 'cap' of the mushroom. The middle is also where gas is dense enough to provide enough material to the supershell for new cloud formation. The intersection of a supershell and the galactic disk has been dubbed a "super-ring" by scientists and is where the gas is densest - and exactly such a ring was now found in the molecular cloud survey: It has been named the Gould's Belt Super-ring (or GBS), and our Sun is located inside it but close to the edge. Although one can accurately measure the velocity at which the Gould's Belt Super-ring is expanding, one cannot accurately measure the distance of its gas from Earth. Further study is necessary to confirm the new findings, and future missions such as NASA's Space Interferometry Mission (SIM) will be essential to support the suspicion that this ring of gas is indeed part of a supershell. Colorado Press Release with pictures. Somewhat related news: Two more gigantic "galactic chimneys" (specimens #3 and 4) have been found in our galaxy, where hydrogen gas has been blown out of the plane - behind that phenomenon could be either about 300 very massive stars that exploded over a span of a million years or something even more powerful such as a gamma ray burst: UNM Press Release with pictures. A tremendous "superbubble" breaking out of the galaxy NGC 3079 has been imaged with Hubble's WFPC2 - here the explosion energy is equivalent to up to 2000 supernovae: UNC info (striking pictures and captions). Evidence that many High Velocity Clouds are primordial and building blocks of the Milky Way (one of the two competing scenarios; see Update # 160 story 3 for recent debate) has been amassed by Berkeley astronomers who see many arguments for those HVCs being old material falling onto the Galaxy from intergalactic space - and who have discovered similar hydrogen clouds associated with 10 out of 21 dward spheroidal galaxies in the Local Group: Berkeley Press Release. The next big X-ray satellite: Japan's Astro-E It's the 3rd major X-ray astronomy mission to launch within several months: After NASA's Chandra last July and ESA's XMM (still no decent name...) last December it's now Japan's turn. On February 8th at 1:30 UTC an M-5 rocket will launch the Astro-E satellite (which should get a colorful name after reaching orbit): It will showcase an entirely new technology in X-ray detection that not only will serve as a test bed for future missions but also will earn the distinction of being the coldest known object in space. It is the X-ray Spectrometer (XRS), developed jointly by NASA's GSFC and Japan's ISAS which measures the heat created by individual X-ray photons, as opposed to converting X-rays to electrical charges and then collecting that charge, which is the mechanism in other X-ray detectors. Using this new technique, it is possible to measure the energies of individual X-rays with a precision some 10 times greater than with previous X-ray sensors. To sense the heat of a single photon, however, the XRS detector must be cooled to an extremely low temperature, only 0.06 degrees Kelvin - what makes the XRS detector the coldest object in space. Astro-E is primarily a spectroscopy mission: Along with the XRS are four X-ray Imaging Spectrometer (XIS) instruments (for 0.4 - 10 keV) and the Hard X-Ray Detector (HXD, for 10 - 700 keV). The imaging instrument utilizes detectors similar to those flown on ASCA, Astro-E's precursor, yet with twice the collection efficiency at certain X-ray wavelengths. The HXD will extend Astro-E's observation ability into the "hard" or higher-energy X-ray wavelengths with the highest sensitivity ever achieved. Astro-E will attain a near-Earth circular orbit of approximately 550 km. Its payload weighs 1650 kg and measures 6.5 x 5.4 x 2.1 m.


Loretto Buckley's sixty acre dairy farm Moskeigh, Templemartin parish Bandon county Cork Ireland p 7 # 52


This sixty acre dairy farm was owned by Jack Barrett's mother's father's father John Buckley (wife Catherine Murphy probably of Quarry Murphy clan in 1827 and 1852 when maPS AND CENSUSES were taken for tax purposes.When John Barrett junior visited l971 to l978, the farm was owned by Jack's second cousin Ann Loretto Buckley born l907.She was one of comparatively few Irish women who operated an activedairy farm, on which her second cousin Jack Sheehy born l908 did much of the work. Loretto;s elder sister May also lived on the farm/ As a child she lived some years aty Castlegregory near Tralee, northern Kerry with her mother's Swindell parents.A neighbor Patrick Desmond stated that seven generations of Buckleys had lived on the farm. Loretto's grandfather Michael Buckley l834-l9l8 owned the farm many years, and then Loretto's father Patrick. Loertto cared for her blind mother, while her brother Richard worked on the Cork highways as a timekeeper.His four children are Kate Meldrum of Cork city, Mary Murphy near Ballineen, Bridey Collins near Ballinhassig, and Patrick Murphy of Newcestown and Moskeigh. They all have families. Patrick Burckley's brother Michael had a family of nine who settled in Ilford, county Essex northeast of London England l920-l946.


Sophie Barrett in China p 7 #53 {S} {9}


Sophie was fond of John Greenleaf Whittier's lines "I'm sorry that I spelled the word - I hate to go above you - The brown eyes lower fell - Because, you see, I love you." Iat the Brown school in Hartford she memorized these lines and William Cullen Bryant "So live that when thy summons comes To join the innumerable caravan You go as one whom wraps the draperies of his couch about him And lies down to eternal rest." Mount Holyoke had a long tradition of missionary activities epecially in China.Mount Holyoke President Mary Woolley one of the "ten most admired American women" of her time in polls made an extended visit to China in l922.Sophie's classmate Becky Smaltz recalled Miss Woolley boisterous welcome back to the South Hadley campus. Students composed a song "Will we be your rickshaw coolies, Miss Woolley?" A friend Mrs. Faison Jordon on Sophie's arrival at Tientsin November l4, l930 put her in touch with Mrs. Evans of the Mount Holyoke Club of North China. Through Mrs. Evans Sophie found her former student Grace Liang Mount Holyoke l925. Sophie and Jack Barrett had first tea and then dinner at the home of Grace's father and mother in Tientsin. Grace's father was known as M.T. Liang, though that was not his original name. He had attended Hartford Public High School, Connecticut, graduating about l880, but then a change of Chinese government polict required his return hom. He had a career in North China railroads and customs service and them diplomatically. Sophie understood he was the first Chinese to be invited to speak to theUnited States Congress. Apparently this was at the time of the Nine Power Conference l922.Some material is in files at Williston College Liobrary Historical section Mount Holyoke. Then Jack Barrett invited Mr. and Mrs. Liang to be guests aboard the gunboat TULSA at the docks in TIENTSIN. This was a rare and unusual honor for a Chionese in those days, to have dinner on a U.S. ship. Word womehow got around, and a large and respectful crowd cme to the dock to watch them go aboard. The crowd kept at a distance out of the way. Soon Grace was married to Dan Yapp of Shanghai. After World War II she taught high school in Connecticut and around l970 lived on Kalakaua Avenue, Waikiki, Hawaii.Sophie corresponded with her in l970's.


Jack Barrett at Fairmount Park Philadelphia p 7 #54


It is recounted that the first time John junior walked, he actually ran to look at a dandelion blossom. He still is fond of fresh dandelion greens, which are an excellent source of folic acid, magnesium, and have a high ratio of protein and vitamins to calories. They are usually cleaner than most supermarket food.Geneticists are interested in their largely clonal spread. Jack used to sing around this time: "She was just a sailor's sweetheart, But she loved her sailor lad Though he left her broken-hearted. He was all she ever had. But she still believes in sailors. And she's TRUE - to the Red, White, and +Blue, And although she's barred From the Navy Yard, She loves her sailor boy - positively." John whej learning to talk would imitate "Although she ba---"


Sophie and Jack with d'Aubert pets {S} {J} {H}


#55 p 7 RR LYRAE STARS variable - very old Population two stars nearing supernova. Period is related to absolute brightness and gives clue to distance from earth. Next: About this document ... Up: Programme de recherche envisagé Previous: Binarité dans les RR Activité magnétique dans les RR Lyrae Nous venons de détecter des composantes non-radiales dans l'atmosphère de RR Lyrae. Quelle est la cause de ces composantes non-radiales ? En 1982, Biront a montré que si l'intensité du champ magnétique d'une étoile pulsante est suffisante et si l'axe de ce dernier est incliné par rapport à celui de la rotation stellaire, alors des composantes non-radiales peuvent être générées (Biront, D. Goossens, M., Cousens, A., Mestel, L., 1982, MNRAS, 201, 619). En conséquence, la détection d'un champ magnétique variable est suffisante pour expliquer la présence de mouvements non-radiaux dans les RR Lyrae. Ceci permettrait d'établir avec certitude que le modèle magnétique du rotateur oblique est bien le moteur de l'effet Blazhko. Des observations spectro-polarimétriques avec MUSICOS sont prévues en Juin 99. Elles me permettront de confirmer d'une manière définitive que le champ magnétique varie périodiquement sur le cycle de pulsation et que son intensité moyenne suit le cycle de Blazhko (41 jours). Je me baserai sur la recherche de variations dans un profil en absorption (méthode Zeeman-Doppler). Ceci me permettra également de confirmer une activité magnétique sur 4 ans, analogue au cycle solaire de 11 ans (Babcock, H.M., 1955, PASP 67, 70 & 1958, ApJS 3, 141). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Next: About this document ... Up: Programme de recherche envisagé Previous: Binarité dans les RR Merieme CHADID


Sphinx and Great Pyramid - Jack Barrett photo January l932 while on leave traveling Kobe Japan to Naples Italy on President PIERCE-Jack Barrett photo p 7 # 56 {7} {S}


The SPHINX was the classs symbol of Mount Holyoke l923, there were four sytmbols from ancient Babylonian mythology - an Eagle,a Gryphon, a Phoenix, and a Sphinx, which were assigned to every fourth class in sequnence. The classes of l9l9, l923, l927, l931, l935 had the color yellow and the Sprinx as their symbol for campus exercises and events, graduation and reunions. Freshman year l9l9-l920 classmate Marion Nosser, born in Turkey wrote lyrics of class song "The Sphinx with music by Ruth King Dunne: "Wind hushed, the Desert lies dreaming- Under the far eastern sky - Only the SPHINX keeps its Secret- Waiting for Daylight to die- Now ' neath the warm Blue of Heaven - Rousing itself with a sigh - Softly it speaks and its whisper -Floats to the Dome of the sky....2;3 Hark! Don't you hear the far Echo Borne on the night wind to us Now has the Sphinx told its Secret - NON SIBI SED OMNIBUS- Faithful we'll guard it forever - Marching beneath it unfurled - Until the agelong Secret - Lies in the Heart of the World." For this reason Sophie's visit to theSphinx in l932 had special meaning for her,and her father had learned tailining in Cairo in the l880's. Her mother spoke of the Danube River, which Sop[hie saw in Vienna February l932