Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos

 


BOTANY NEWS 1996-1999 (**)

 

BOTANY NEWS 1996-1999 David Boufford of Harvard Herbaria recently told me about a valuable Botany Internet "Search Engine" - www.google.com - . Search under rare New Caledonia genus AMBORELLA shows molecular data that vesselless dioecious AMBORELLA formerly lumped with order Laurales may be the oldest living clade of flowering plants "sister group" of all others including aquatic Ceratophyllum, Magnolia, monocots, "paleoherbs." New Caledonia and Madagascar are of extremely high priority for conservation.In 1997 the Madagascar genus Takhtajania of family Winteraceae believed extinct since 1909 was rediscovered alive in tropical northeast region.It is interpreted as retaining many characters of ancestral Winteraceae including tropical ecology and complex fragrances that utilize the SHIKIMATE biochemical pathway described August 1984 in journal "TAXON" by K.Kubitzki and O. Gottlieb. These chemicals needed a long time to evolve in earliest flowering plants,but when original pollinators are not available,species like South American Drimys and some Monimiaceae may switch to flies and simpler chemicals in altered, temperate habitat. Cladistic data and particularly Takhtajania support the Kubitzki-Gottlieb hypothesis.A large cladistic analysis with "Harvard" in title shows evidence that "Anthophytes" [Flowers PLUS Gnetales] may be a sister group of Pinaceae,while other conifers Cupressaceae-Podocarp-Araucaria-yewTaxus are more distant.This is a surprise to taxonomists, who used to think entomophilous, broad-leaved Cycads were nearer Angiosperms (flowers).If Pinaceae are in fact the correct outgroup for "flowers", tree-like Magnolia-Liriodendron and Amborella are more likely to retain basal ancestral characters rather than Monocots, "Paleoherbs" Piper-Aristolochia-Lacctoris or aquatic Ceratophyllum-Nympheales.The conifer "EUSTELE" resembles "tulip tree" Liriodendron or many higher dicot trees - oak, sycamore.Most Pinaceae and some important dicots- Fagaceae beech-oak-birch and Dipterocarpaceae have capability to obtain nourishment from root ectomycorrhizae not reported in Sequoia, Juniper or other conifer outgroups.This may support a relation of Pinaceae and "anthophytes" if the genes can be tracked down.With Pinaceae as the outgroup occasional extra cotyledons of Australian magnolioid Idiospermum and Degeneria of Fiji have plesiomorphic rationale as old characters,and so do spiral floral and fruit parts of Magnolia.Some seeds in the Magnoliiflorae superorder of Dahlgren are not completely closed. Sun and Dilcher 1998 reported what they consider a conduplicate carpel in a Magnolia-like fossil from Liaioning Province of north coastal China- they suggest an uppermost Jurassic age around 145 million years. Grasses are the most economically important family,and their early fossil record is scarce.The division of grass leaf into sheath and blade is a unique and puzzling apomorphy, as are many reproductive features- lodicules, lemma, palea,seed and spikelet structures.The sister group of grass family Poaceae is probably Joinvillea of Pacific region - on www.google.com I found good photos of Joinvillea and references to cladistic papers based on chloroplast DNA that show Amazon ANOMOCHLOA-STREPTOCHAETE is the deepest (oldest) branch within the living grasses, and then Pharus next. These were formerly considered bamboo genera, and their conservation and study of peculiar leaf morphology now acquires added significance. South America and Africa are understood to have been the tropical end of the old Gonndwana continent, and Ledyard Stebbins in 1987 Soderstrom text suggests now-extinct orders of grazing mammals co-evolved with early grasslands there.Mishler, Soltis & Soltis,Porter Lowry, Schaaf, P. Crane are among researchers. The Harvard phylogeny within Pinaceae shows Pinus and spruces Picea closely related- then a clade of larch and Douglas-fir Larix+Pseudotsuga related to these, and progressively further out Cedrus [old World true cedars] true firs Abies, then hemlock Tsuga whose Linnaean name comes from Japanese.Molecular data promise complete green plant phylogenies very soon,though chimeric horizontal transfer greatly complicates the evolutionary story of early and recent prokaryotes according to James Lake and others. This explains the sudden appearance of new influenza strains and other pathogens and requires extreme caution on genetically modified plants and foods both for biodiversity and human health.Plants are a priceless source of dietary essential polyunsaturated oils (Flax, Black Currant, Borage) and antioxidants grapeseed, pinebark,citrus,blueberry-whortleberry,cherry,strawberry,and probable cancer-fighting substances in Brassica broccoli-cabbage; tomato-lycopene; onion, garlic,cucumber.The history of chloroplast symbiosis is still being unraveled.More bryologists are needed - liverworts may be polyphyletic- Jane Gray's Ordovician spores need to be fitted in to the picture. Lycopods appear to be oldest sister group in "Trimerophytes"- diploid vascular plants."Fern allies" living and extinct contain many unsolved problems.Herb Wagner in recent years found many new species of Ophioglossum and Botrichium primitve ferns of cladistic importance.Relations of many fossils to the molecular phylogenies are unsettled- Glossopteris Bennettitiales Sanmiguelia Pentoxylon Voltzia Rhyniophytes.Phylogeny within spruces is of interest.Brewer's spruce in limited Oregon-California range often on serpentine soil seems plesiomorphic along with some Asian species that have escaped climate change.Three closely-related-to-each-other subarctic species Picea abies-obovata-glauca since the ice age have occupied huge dry continental interiors where summer temperatures are below fifty degrees F. Rocky Mountain Picea engelmannii and pungens have cone scales resembling Picea sitchensis and other species of mild foggy Pacific coasts. Black spruce Picea mariana seems a recent Ice Age species adapted to fire and marshy areas where it spreads by adventitious rooting. Cladistics of the genus may require cladograms by Mauritz Escher.Dipterocarps await cladistic resolution, and the very rare Seychelles Vateriopsis and its root fungi should be preserved and tested to see when ancestors separate. Palms, orchids, cacti, Amazon flora remain conservation priorities.Harvard's Irving Bailey grows in stature if current molecular phylogenies supporting vesselless Amborella and Magnoliiflorae prove ultimately robust.John Barrett 113 W. Third. St., Port Angeles WA98362


 


Linnaean Binomial Botany names p85-1344 (**) + Gray's Anatomy muscles

 

Psoas major, minor Iliacus tendon inserts to lesser trochanter inside of femur. ..Sartorius QUADRICEPS femoris 1. Rectus femoris 2. Vastus lateralis 3. medialis 4 intermedialis ..Medial femoral Gracilis Pectineus Adductor longus, brevis, magnus. .. Gluteus maximus, medius, minimus. Tensor fasciae l----? Piriformis OBTURATOR internus,...externus GEMELLUS superior, inferior Quadratus femoris 507 ANTERIOR CRURAL -TIBIALIS ANTERIOR dorsally flexes + supinate inducts inverts foot deep peroneal nerve L 4-5 + S1 EXTENSOR hal longus E digitorum longus PERONEUS TERTIUS dorsally flexes + pronates foot. 509 POSTERIOR CRURAL superficial calf GASTROCNEMIUS points toe Plantar flexion + supinate SOLEUS under G. Plantar flexion PLANTARIS small bet G + S plantar-flexes foot + fl. leg. 511 DEEP POPLITEUS flexes leg + rotates medially FLEXOR HALLUCIS LONGUS F DIGITORUM longus TIBIALIS posterior deepest on back supinates adducts inverts plantarflexes foot in distal quarter of leg its tendon is anterior to FLE DIGITORUM Longus in groove beh MEDIAL MALLEOLUS in sep sheath next under FL RETINACULUM over DELTOID ligament into foot then beneath Plantar CALCANEONAVICULAR ligament. 513 LATERAL CRURAL : PERONEUS longus pronates abducts everts plantarflexes foot.L4,5 + S1 PERONEUS brevis under longus.517 Mu + Fa of foot DORSAL EXTENSOR digitorum brevis -deep peroneal nerve L5, S1 plantar aponeurosis 518 plantar first layer ABDUCTOR HALLUCIS FLEXOR DIGITORUM brevis ABDUCTOR DIGITI MINIMI second layer QUADRATUS PLANTAE flexes terminal phalanges of small toes lateral plantar nerve S 1-2 LUMBRICALES 4 accessory to tendon of FLEXOR digitorum longus FLEXES proximal phalanages and extends two distal phalanges of 4 small toes. THIRD LAYER FLEXOR + ADDUCTOR hallucis BREVIS + FLEXOR digiti minimi BREVIS proximal phalanx S 1-2 FOURTH layer INTEROSSEI 4 DORSALI abduct toes from axis of second toe 3 PLANTARES adduct toward axis. This is the very beginning of a big project, but questions are welcome and appreciated.-John Barrett First draft of Botanical Latin binomial scientific nomenclature material begun 1753 by Linnaeus in Sweden based on Latin of the encyclopedist Pliny the elder, killed 79 AD in eruption of Vesuvius volcano near Naples Italy.Green algae were ancestors of plants, which have embryo as cladistic'apomorphy'.Alternating haploid and diploid generations characterize green plants, though duplicate genomes are widespread. In bryophytes nutrition is carried on by the haploid generation, in which only a single cope of the genome appears. In the vascular plants the diploid generation with two copies of the DNA is large and longer-lived and does most of the nutritionalphotostnthesis. In ferns and fern allies, the haploid generation'gametophyte' has a separate existence and is active photosynthetically, but in seed plants, the seed is reduced to a relatively small structure formed when haploid gametes consisting of just a few cells reunite by pollination to form the seed, which often becomes dormant until conditions are favoriable for growth of a new diploid plant.There is less consensus on"higher" plant taxa that on the Families-Genera-Species. Superorders of Rolf Dahlgren such as Magnoliiflorae, Asteriflorae, Rosiiflorae are often convenient though still conjectural. Families such as Arecaceae [palms] Winteraceae [southern hemisphere Magnolia relatives] Fabaceae [legumes] Dipterocarpaceae [important tropical timber] Pinacae [pine-spruce-fir-hemlock] are more stable. The botanical system begun by Linnaeus now is used with a capital letter for the Genus and a small letter for the species -as Pinus lambertiana the sugar pine - although Lambert isa proper name, the species is not capitalized. Similarly Psudotsuga menziesii, the Douglas fir, state flower of Washington state - or is it the rhododendron? [that's a joke].Symbol # means start of a new topic...#Chinese fossil-Archaefructus liaoningensis #"Anthophyte" Pentoxlyon "Bennettitie" Williamsonia #old aquatic: Ceratophyllum demersum #Magnoliiflorae of systematist Rolf Dahlgren 1832-1987:Eupomatia Austrobaileya Degeneria vitiensis Galbulimima Asimina triloba Annona Monodora #important green alga Coleochaete #daylily Hemerocallis monocots Asparagus Clivia #'butterfly-bush' Buddleia #family Ericaeae get nourishment through root fungi, oten do well in cold and in acid soil-Rhododendron 'madrone':Arbutus menziesii Vaccinium-bluerry-cranberry #'screwpine' pandanus not related to true palms: Cyclanthus #grasses:Sartidia Stipa Anomochloa Streptochaete Nardus Lygeum Oryza Centostecoid Vulpia Phalerus Pharus Arundinara Cynodon dactylon Zoysia Pappophorum Chloris oats:Avena barley:Hordeum wheat: Triticum maize:Zea mays bulbous bluegrass:Poa bulbosa sheep fescue:Festuca ovina Miscanthus 'witchgrass':Panicum capillare pearlmilllet-Pennisetum barnyardgrass:Echinochloa CRABGRASSDigitaria bluestem-Andropogon Axonopus Setaria Danthonia Cortaderia Arundo #sedgeCyperus Papyrus #rush-Juncus #so-called wildginger-Asarum Dutchmansbreeches-Aristolochia #true ginger is unrelated Zingiber a monocot #black pepper Piper Piperomia Saururus#Chloranthaceae family:Sarcandra Chloranthus Hedyosmum Monimiaceae familyTambourissa Monimia Peumus boldus #Laurales order Gomortega,Hernandiaceae,..forgetmenotMyosotis family #SOLANACEAE-Salpiglossis Lycopersicon esculentum .#BANANA-Musa sapientum Ravenala #outgroup sister group of grass familyJoinvillea #oldest clade of living flowers?-Amborella Acorus fossil conifer Voltzia Madagascar living genus in old family Winteraceae Takhtajania #Pine family Pinaceae= Douglas fir Psudotsuga menziesii larches=Larix ten speciies deciduous conifers specializing in permafrost, marsh, arctic and mountain areas decidua lyalli True firs=Abies silver fir Abies amabilis California red fir=magnifica noblefir=procera grandfir=grandis whiefir=alba[originates in shady western mountain mid-altitudes popular ornamental homolepis {Japanese nikko fir] sprucesPicea breweriana sitchensis mariana glauca abies obovata pungens=Coloradoblue engelmannii=RockyMountain spruce #family Cupressaceae:Japanese conifer-important timber-Cryptomeria japonica Cunninghamia Sequoia sempervirens Sequoiadendron gigantea Metasequoia glyptostroboides Juniperus virginiana-'easternredcedar' westernredcedar=Thuja plicata Chamaecyparis thyoides nootka-nootkaensis PortOrdfordcedar-lawsoniana Calocedrus decurrens=Californiaincensecedar #relative of Amaryllis "Perulily"Alstroemeria #Dipterocarp family =Vateriopsis[SeychellesIslands]Hopea-two seedwings Shoreathree seedwings,very important timber India-to-Indonesia Dipterocarpus Vatica #'Russsian olive'Eleagnus #buckthornRhamnus #mapleAcer saccharum rubrum macrophyllum platanus platanoides #cup-of-gold-flowerSolandra #legume-honeylocust-Gleditsia black locust-Robinia pseudacacia Delonix=royal poinciana showertreeCassia and related group Cassieae 'orchidtree'legumeBauhinia yellow-oleander-Thevetia bean-Faba pea-Pisum Astragalus Medicago #Caliopsis Coreopsis #orchids:Gongora Ophrys OrchisCattelya #BeechfamilyFagaceae oakQuercus alba rubra nigra birchBetula nigra lenta beechFagus 'southernbeech'Nothofagus Lithocarpus#Eucalyptus Eugenia #Cinnamomum nutmeg-Myristica #snakefern-Ophioglossum grape-fern=Botrychium #"fern allies"Lycopodium and extinct giant Lepidodendron horsetail-Equisetum extinct early vascular land plants=Rhynia,Cooksonia


 


Human Rights

 

Human Rights School being established at the Kennedy School of Government. Before moving west 1996 I was active with Haitian groups 1993-4 and the East Timor Action network 1995-6.One very major problem in human rights is timely intelligence in the hands of key decision makers, and another is the attitudes of military personnel and others who must implement policies.All too often they "put their blind eye to the telescope." Although Wellington was probably not the author, there was a widely known saying "The battle of Waterloo was won on the playing fields of Eton." pay attention to coverage of international law, human rights, law of war and indoctrination of personnel at all levels in training programs at all levels, including the service Academies West Point Annapolis Colorado Springs and others such as VMI, Citadel, Norwich, Newport Naval War College, ROTC and in training programs for NATO, Latin America, and other allies. Our current Secretary of State Madeleine Albright has an exceptionally strong commitment to human rights. partly because her own family were touched by the Holcaust in Europe. However,the State Department has relatively small budgets and staffs,and there must be in-depth planning and preparation with many levels in the much larger Department of Defense and intelligence and national security agencies.At the present time the Armed Services are having severe problems in recruiting and retention, and future manpower needs and the attractiveness of military life for patriotically motivated and talented persons is relevant to effective human rights actions in the future."The mice all thought the cat should wear a bell"- but who was to put it in place?When the Supreme Court strongly asserted federal authority over southwestern lands, President Andrew Jackson remarked, "John Marshall has made his decision - now let HIM enforce it." "Justice delayed is justice denied," - a year's delay in Haiti is estimated to have cost thousands of children's lifes according to a study by Harvard School of Public Health. The worst genocide in East Timor was in 1975, complicated by the American government view that the Indonesian Army was an important ally against Communism. However, in 1999 there was failure to anticipate large scale violence after seventy-eight per cent of East Timorese voted for independence. The United States relied on assurances from Australian Foreign Minister Downer based on faulty intelligence while numerous journalists like Allan Nairn and Amy Goodman and academics like Noam Chomsky and well-informed human rights organizations were disregarded. Admiral Blair in charge of U.S. Pacific Fleet did not articulate U.S policy well to Indonesian Army. In the 1930s the brilliant Marine General Smedley Butler, after being forced into retirement by Herbert Hoover for criticizing Mussolini, spoke against over-use of American Marines to enforce interests of American business.Freeport McMoran, the Louisiana copper company has used political influence to maintain a close tie to Suharto. American troops are stationed in more than fifty countries. Our addiction to Near East Persian Gulf petroleum is a major reason.Do you see the relevance of FUSION energy research to human rights? Petroleum exploration and extraction are bitterly resented in the Niger delta in Nigeria and among Ecuadorean Amazon native peoples where Texaco did not use the best technology and left masive cancer-causing polution avoidably.The high-tech Japanese have had a recent fission-nuclear disaster - Chernobyl was not a rare,isolated Soveit blunder.Fusion research needs much higher priority for economic,environmental, and human rights reasons. My father was a career Naval officer who was disregarded by Rear Admiral Claude Bloch when he warned of lack of preparation at Pearl Harbor. He was Assistant War Plans Officer Fourteenth Naval District July-October 1941, then Assistant Personnel Officer in charge of Overseas Trransportation Office through October 1945,including all World War 2. He took International Law courses 1923-4 at Naval War College & 1952-3 at Northeastern Law School, where he used Louis Sohn's "World Law" text. Navy doctrines and educational methods contributed to over-emphasis on offense, so that Admiral Kimmel was badly prepared for Japanese air attack December 7, 1941,- carrier Admirals gave insufficient support to Marines at Guadalcanal August 1942- and Nimitz and Halsey nearly gave the last surviving Japanese fleet a chance to disrupt MacArthur's Leyte landing October 25, 1944.Human rights, law of war,and full intelligence and forethought should be central in military education from basic training onward.


 


Common Law Pleading-Jack Barrett Fordham notes 1928 p86-1346 }f{

 

XANTHOS letter to New York Post Jan 24, 1928 New York Evening Post Friday January 7, 1928 Letter was written Tuesday, January 24, 1928 by "XANTHOS" Name of talking horse in Homer's ILIAD. Latin school pseudonym of John Berchmans Barrett who thought term meant 'red-head' or facetiously applied it to his own prognostications of danger like Homer's horse. The more usual translation is "blond" or "chestnut". TITLE: "Sees Need of Strong Navy" To the editor of the Evening Post: Sir It may seem 'smart' for Senators or others to deride what they do not understand.Just because the Navy spends its best energies "on the job" instead of sobbing about the difficulties imposed upon it by incompetence and indifference of alleged statesmen when laws and treaties are made, it seems the fashion to belittle the serious effects that must be faced by the Navy if and when any other nation or group of nations decides to attempt to take forcibly things they sorely need from our plenteous supply.= So I wonder then: What would be adequate then? Is the contest between Standard Oil and Dutch Shell a type of contest for control of products which might easily lead to international difficulties? Will nations fight to get their share of the necessaries of life? Will words feed the hungry or win battles? = Can our present high standards of living, comfort, and luxury be maintained if our foreign trade is curtailed or even held stationary at present volume? Is there any better use for life than to spend it in support and defense of home and country? = Give the Navy at least half a chance to save you from your own folly by providing it with at least a few items of modern equipment that the other have. [despite their poverty] instead of spending all in wasteful luxury, rum chasing, building post offices in deserts and giving idlers useless work at fancy salaries with which to support night clubs and other sybaritic parasitical growths.= Otherwise who knows even the Navy might get discouraged and join the wasters in the last made whirl before the final..."end of available text - end should be available in New York Post files January 1928. p 97-1437 Lake Crescent September 1999 Year: 1928_ LT.JACK BARRETT letter Published January 1928 in New York Post "Sees Need of Strong Navy" To the editor of the Evening Post: Sir It may seem 'smart' for Senators or others to deride what they do not understand.Just because the Navy spends its best energies "on the job" instead of sobbing about the difficulties imposed upon it by incompetence and indifference of alleged statesmen when laws and treaties are made, it seems the fashion to belittle the serious effects that must be faced by the Navy if and when any other nation or group of nations decides to attempt to take forcibly things they sorely need from our plenteous supply.= So I wonder then: What would be adequate then? Is the contest between Standard Oil and Dutch Shell a type of contest for control of products which might easily lead to international difficulties? Will nations fight to get their share of the necessaries of life? Will words feed the hungry or win battles? = Can our present high standards of living, comfort, and luxury be maintained if our foreign trade is curtailed or even held stationary at present volume? Is there any better use for life than to spend it in support and defense of home and country? = Give the Navy at least half a chance to save you from your own folly by providing it with at least a few items of modern equipment that the other have. [despite their poverty] instead of spending all in wasteful luxury, rum chasing, building post offices in deserts and giving idlers useless work at fancy salaries with which to support night clubs and other sybaritic parasitical growths.= Otherwise who knows even the Navy might get discouraged and join the wasters in the last mad whirl before the final ... " handwritten copy SMB's Black Notebook [last few words missing] # Two pages 277-8 Black Notebook Two Sophie comments on link to S-4 rescue effort previous month December 17, 1927. It also reflects l917 economics experience at Bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce and points toward effort to warn at Pearl Harbor in War Plans very reminiscent of "Xanthos" the horse. Sophie Barrett text;-p. 238- When Joe Hurley had dinner with us at the Victoria |Hotel, |April 15, [1932]his wife, Peggy Strickland Hurley, who before her marriage had been an editorial worker for the Boston Post, was in Ireland. Shortly after her return, she telephoned to me at the Victoria Hotel to introduce herself and to invite me to be her guest at a lecture she was scheduled to give at a suburban women's club that afternoon.She drove me to the club, where as a paid lecturer she gave an entertaining and instructive lecture on her experiences in Eire.She had tried to learn to speak Gaelic. Before she left me,she invited Jack and me to dinner at her home on Moss Hill Road in Jamaica Plain. The party was most enjoyable, because Peggy had -239- invited five Boston Post reporters to join us at dinner.The food was delicious, and the conversation flowed.After dinner, in the living room, Jack began a long tale about his [part in]efforts to rescue the Submarine S-4, which had gone down in Provincetown [Cape Cod] waters on December 17,1927. I had never heard the tale before and have never heard him talk about the S-4 since. But I remember him saying that he was on shore duty in New York City, living alone in an apartment, asleep one night when he was told by telephone to go to a tug immediately, as the tug was about to leave to go to the aid of the Submarine S-4. He related that the tug did not have the properequipment for the job, told in detail what they did,and how they finally had to give up.{John Barrett note- after Sophie wrote this late 1969 we found records of the New York harbor tug PENOBSCOT trying to make radio contact with CHEWINK, which was trying to recover pontoons lost at sea for use in effort to refloat S-4, which could not be rescued from great depth and pressure. We got additional information from Gershom Bradford later and Commodore Jack Baylis USCG retired. +I also found a January l928 letter my father wrote to New York Post under pen name "Xanthos." He had recently been to sea Dec. 1927 in very poorly equipped small harbor tug PENOBSCOT when every available vessel was rushed to try to help small submarine S-4, which sank in very deep water off Provincetown Cape Cod, when S-4 surfaced without warning in front of Coast Guard cutter PAULDING, which was not proved in any way at fault - captained by my father's schoolmate at Revenue Cutter School Jack Baylis, whom I visited in New Jersey 1970. There is material on website about S-4 by my father's friend from Naval Hydrographic Office DC Gershom Bradford - native of Kingston MA 1879-1978 - he helped lay out the test course off Provincetown about 1902. and knew one of the PAULDING officers who stood up for Baylis when he was critcized. The PENOBSCOT, the tug my father was on after being called out in middle of night about 18 Dec 27 had weak radio, lacked food and blankets for long trip and was otherwise lacking equipment for high seas. She was assigned to get in touch with another ship the CHEWINK, which was trying to recover some pontoons - someone hoped they could be used to refloat the S-4, which proved to be in water too deep for rescue, though survivors could be heard tapping for two weeks. When the modern sub THRESHER sank off Boston 1963, there was still no technology to rescue crew from great depth and pressure. My father's letter does not deal specifically with the S-4 but dealt with the general issue of presparedness and Navy budgets in the period when Hitler and Tojo were coming to power and gradually eluding the weak-minded democracies. The name Xanthos originally mean +fair+ or "blond" in Greek, but it was the name of the horse that warned the great hero Achilles who killed Trojan Hector to avenge his friend Patroclus that his turn was coming soon too -Achilles got the bad news in no uncertain terms "from the horse's mouth" as they say at the race track - then the gods intervened to hush the unnatural speech and warning. My father was considered at times a prophet of gloom and doom Pearl Harbor, etc --like the talking horse of the Iliad - and there seems to have been some fanciful allusion to his red hair - perhaps based on humor at Boston Latin in class of 1906 - though in good Greek "xanthos" means blond not red. Jack Barrett in the 1906 "Class Prophecy" was called Pyrrhus, in allusion to his sunburned freckled countenance as after mush time boating in South Boston during school years. It was natural to extend it from red face to red hair =Pyrrhus to Xanthos. The actual content of the letter has to do with Naval budgets in context of disarmament treaties, in which Britain and Japan scrapped plans to buiild ships while US gave up existing ships. German -Americans were influential through religious groups in neutralist anti-armament movements and isolationism, many people were entirely sincere - there was a Pacifist movement 1930's at Oxford, but the German government skillfully exploited the sentiments. Franklin Roosevelt had to overcome isolationism, and the support of German-Americans was vital in the war effort- In regard to the one-sidedness of 1920s naval disarmament see Admiral Knox's introduction to first volume of fifteen-volume "History of U.S. Navy in World War II." My father had several assignments in War Plans - he took junior Course at Naval War College Newport RI 1923-1924 - I am starting to type his TACTICS thesis for website - he participated in 1925 War Game Hawaii that demonstrated vulnerability of Oahu and Pearl Harbor - he was in War Plans and Reserve Training three tiimes New York 1927-9; Boston 1932-3, and Philadelphia 1936-8. He drilled a great many Naval Reservists out of Charlestown Navy Yard 1932-3 on EAGLE 19 built by Ford motors, and the Springfield Republican newspaper told of the last cruise in a front page story Sunday June 18, 1933 with photos of my father in uniform and the EAGLE 19 and members of the Springfield unit. Then President Roosevelt cut the budget attempting to keep his 1932 campaign promise to balance the budget. President Hoover built no new ships in four years. Then President Roosevelt heard about the fiscal ideas of British Lord Keynes and the Labor party that fiscal deficits are necessary to stimulate demand and employment in depression times, so he turned around and suported rebuilding the Navy, but Hitler and Tojo got an amazing headstart. (This may be happening today on FUSION ENERGY). My father saw the Atlantic war close up at Branch Naval Hydrographic Office New York, where he was in charge 1940-41 - then he was shocked at stupidity and complacency and refusal to plan when he was sent to Pearl Harbor as Assistant War Plans Officer Fourteenth Naval District July-October 1941. He was transferred to personnel Oct. and ran Overseas Transportation Office four years till October 1945. evacuating families after Dec. 7 attack -shipping very short till after Midway June 4 1942. In 1946 he was on courts martial - supported Capt. Paul Washburn who believed there was reasonable doubt when uncorroborated Reserve Officer with political connections accused career Naval officer of thefts from commissary - Nimitz and Navy Sec. Sullivan were angry - there was political pressure for conviction. Head of court Washburn found the witness evase - he was demoted by Nimitz but it was rescinded. The 1950 Uniform Code of Military Justice was suposed to reduced this type of "staff influence" pressure for conviction without fair procedure. Nimitz and staff did good job with intelligence for Battle of Midway 1942 - made good judgment permitting Orlin Livdahl gunnery officer on carrier ENTERPRISE to re-position new Swedish guns Sept 1941 to save four airplane spaces on carrier deck and increase firing angle of guns - Livdahl was friend of my father from destroyer CLAXTON 1936. --END REVISED CHAPTER-- DUPLICATE XANTHOS letter to New York Post Jan 24, 1928 New York Evening Post Friday January 7, 1928 Letter was written Tuesday, January 24, 1928 by "XANTHOS" Name of talking horse in Homer's ILIAD. Latin school pseudonym of John Berchmans Barrett who thought term meant 'red-head' or facetiously applied it to his own prognostications of danger like Homer's horse. The more usual translation is "blond" or "chestnut". TITLE: "Sees Need of Strong Navy" To the editor of the Evening Post: Sir It may seem 'smart' for Senators or others to deride what they do not understand.Just because the Navy spends its best energies "on the job" instead of sobbing about the difficulties imposed upon it by incompetence and indifference of alleged statesmen when laws and treaties are made, it seems the fashion to belittle the serious effects that must be faced by the Navy if and when any other nation or group of nations decides to attempt to take forcibly things they sorely need from our plenteous supply.= So I wonder then: What would be adequate then? Is the contest between Standard Oil and Dutch Shell a type of contest for control of products which might easily lead to international difficulties? Will nations fight to get their share of the necessaries of life? Will words feed the hungry or win battles? = Can our present high standards of living, comfort, and luxury be maintained if our foreign trade is curtailed or even held stationary at present volume? Is there any better use for life than to spend it in support and defense of home and country? = Give the Navy at least half a chance to save you from your own folly by providing it with at least a few items of modern equipment that the other have. [despite their poverty] instead of spending all in wasteful luxury, rum chasing, building post offices in deserts and giving idlers useless work at fancy salaries with which to support night clubs and other sybaritic parasitical growths.= Otherwise who knows even the Navy might get discouraged and join the wasters in the last made whirl before the final SMB's Black Notebook # Two pages 277-8 Sophie comments on link to S-4 rescue effort previous month Dec. 1927. It also reflects l917 experience at Bureau of foreign & Domestic Commerce. and points toward effort to warn at Pearl Harbor in War Plans very reminiscent of "Xanthos" the horse.-p. 238- When Joe Hurley had dinner with us at the Victoria |Hotel, |April 15, [1932]his wife, Peggy Strickland Hurley, who before her marriage had been an editorial worker for the Boston Post, was in Ireland. Shortly after her return, she telephoned to me at the Victoria Hotel to introduce herself and to invite me to be her guest at a lecture she was scheduled to give at a suburban women's club that afternoon.She drove me to the club, where as a paid lecturer she gave an entertaining and instructive lecture on her experiences in Eire.She had tried to learn to speak Gaelic. Before she left me,she invited Jack and me to dinner at her home on Moss Hill Road in Jamaica Plain. The party was most enjoyable, because Peggy had -239- invited five Boston Post reporters to join us at dinner.The food was delicious, and the conversation flowed.After dinner, in the living room, Jack began a long tale about his [part in]efforts to rescue the Submarine S-4, which had gone down in Provincetown [Cape Cod] waters on December 17,1927. I had never heard the tale before and have never heard him talk about the S-4 since. But I remember him saying that he was on shore duty in New York City, living alone in an apartment, asleep one night when he was told by telephone to go to a tug immediately, as the tug was about to leave to go to the aid of the Submarine S-4. He related that the tug did not have the properequipment for the job, told in detail what they did,and how they finally had to give up.{John Barrett note- after Sophie wrote this late 1969 we found records of the New York harbor tug PENOBSCOT trying to make radio contact with CHEWINK, which was trying to recover pontoons lost at sea for use in effort to refloat S-4, which could not be rescued from great depth and pressure. We got additional information from Gershom Bradford later and Commodore Jack Baylis USCG retired. Notebk 2 p 152 when Mrs. Haram was in cambridge in June 1954, we attended Brenda's class Baccalaureate Services at Harvard's Memorial Church and then were guests of Brena and mrs. Haram for dinner. = From Seattle Jack took the Great Northern train to Chiacago and New york. He collected a good many post cards of points such as salt Lake City Utash and Grand isalnd Nebraska, and we are uncertain whether he stopped of at Yellowstone park briefly. On the other hand he may have taken a more northerly route across Montana and Minnesota bbecause puzzlingly there are several postcards of Minneapolis, which is not on the Utah-Yoming nebraska route. On arrival at NewYork Jack reported for duty ay Stouth and Whitehall Streets June 27, 1927. He saw marie nelson that summer In Philadelph9a and new York often. He applied for judge advocate duty in Washington and corresponded with Alex Sharp which haexecutive officer of the MAARB during most of jacks tenure and who in the sum of 27 was starting several years duty in Wa at the Bur of Navigation, whiich handles personnel assignment. Jack sev times req j adv duty, but almost never in his career received any specific requested assignment. Dur Ag 27 Pa Barrett and Bill toured in Maine sending postcards from var cities inclu Bangor Augst 8. Pa Barrentt had given up hisn plumbing shop in 1926 and now worked onoly part time without employing sfull time help. Ab this time Mol and Katie were in the hab of spen part of the sum at Five Islands Main op by Fath Hasenfus.153 Jack's work involved considerable travel for training and inspection of Naval Reserve units in the Third Naval District. He also had responsibility for the maintenance of a considerable file of confidential records at Reserve Headquarters. He stayed at the McAlpin Hotel on his first arrival, then lived at 601 Madison Avenue for a time, and then lived from about October 1927 through 1928 and perhaps early 1929 [January] at the Knights of Columbus Hotel at Eighth Avenue between Fiftieth and Fifty-First Streets Then he rented an apartment at 48 Commerce Street in Greenwich Village until June 1929, when Miss Willie Kennedy of Macy's subleased his apartment. In September 1927 he enrolled at the Bronx Division night course of Fordham Law School. Considerable correspondence was necessary to determine whether his previous educational background satisfied all the New York State requirements for Law School admission. His Revenue Cutter training was more than equivalent to the two years of college required for law school admission. However, there were cumbersome additional requirements that he show he had studied American History and Biology or Hygiene.The New York authorities apparently thought he had attended the Naval Academy and kept asking for his grades there. The Coast Guard Academy certified that he had passed all the courses there in two years' attendance, but they did not have detailed records of his grades. Jack had to write twice to Mr. Patrick Campbell, Principal of the Boston Latin School, who sent a complete record of his grades during the four years 1902-1906. Jack told the New York Borad he had taken four years of history courses 154 at Boston Latin, and there was much history in the curriculum both there and at the Revenue Cutter School, renamed 1915 the Coast Guard Academy.Also the Boston Latin School, as the oldest school in the United States, had stressed the school's own history to a considerable extent.It was founded in 1635, and John Hancock, Benjamin Franklin,Samuel Adams,Robert Treat Paine,and William Hooper were five of its graduates who signed the Declaration of Independence. The New York Board accepted this. To meet the biology requirement Jack had to refer back to physiology classes at the Lincoln School in the ninth grade and below. His qualification here may have been a bit thin, but the authorities permitted him to enroll. Several of the Fordham facuulty were well known in New York state - Maurice Wormser, John T. Loren, Carmondy, and John F.X. Finn. Jack got good grades his first year, mostly A's and B's, and he enjoyed his studies and classmates. The second year, there were more distractions. He had to inspect Reserve units around New Tork and Connecticut and he very nearly was ordered away to the Orient before comleting his second year. Besides, he became acquainted with me, and I took up a good deal of his study time. Jack has kept most of his Fordham Law School textbooks. PLEADING {Common Law)SUBSTANTIVE LAW DEFINES RIGHTS AND DUTIES.Adjective Law outlines methods by which Substantive Law is enforced Adjective Law is Remedy for breaches of Substantive Law.Adjective Law includes PLEADING EVIDENCE PRACTICE [procedure]. Requisites for CAUSE OF ACTION first Right Second Violation of Right. Action = simple prosecution in a court of justice by one party versus another party for the redress or prevention of a wrong or publishment for a public offense. Rights may be divided into two groupings Original [natural]= rights require only proof of violation -SPECIAL [RELATIVE] Rights require both proof of right and proof of violation.Steps in Procedure PROCESS to bring defendant before court PLEADING Statement made to court in LEGAL form setting forth FACTS constituting the plaintiff's cause of action or the Defendant's defense-TRIAL proof or demonstration of Allegations in Pleadings VERDICT & JUDGMENT ..ENFORCEMENT Plaintiff may not PROVE anything not set forth in the PLEADING. COMMON LAW HAD SEVEN PLEADINGS 1.DECLARATION by plaintiff 2 PLEA by defendant 3 REPLICATION by plaintiff 4 REJOINDER by Defendant 5 SURREJOINDER by plaintiff 6 REBUTTER by defendant 7 SURREBUTTER by plaintiff New York now has three pleadings 1. COMPLAINT by plaintiff 2 ANSWER by defendant 3 rarely REPLY by plaintiff COMMONLAW PLEADING was used in new York until about 1848 or 1849 Then legislature adopted CIVIL CODE. COMMON LAW = That portion of the Law of England based not on legislation enacted but upon immemorial usage and general consent of the people. Three famous English courts were King's Bench, Court of Common Pleas, Court of the Exchequer.The term 'common law' is sometimes used in other meanings- to distinguish whole body of laws observed by English speaking nations from the Roman or civil law which prevails in continental Europe and Latin American states, and other variations. 1921- The Civil Practice Act - present Code of Pleading (Supplemented by "Rules of Civil Practice" Presiding Judges of Four Appellate Courts make necessary changes periodically. Burden of Proof He who has the affirmative of the issue has BURDEN OF PROOF. In civil cases the party having the burden of proof must prove by FAIR PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE.In criminal cases proof must be beyond a REASONABLE DOUBT. A DEMURRER never raises a Question of FACT but only a Question of LAW. It says in effect " The plea does not show a sufficient cause of action." A DEMURRER ADMITS EVERY MATERIAL WELL-PLEADED FACT in PLEA.In effect, it says "Granted that all that plea alleges is so, still that is insufficient in law to make a cause of action." An ACTION is at LAW. A SUIT is in EQUITY. In New York MOTIONS replace DEMURRER, but grounds are SAME. FORMS OF ACTION-- There are TEN generally accepted FORMS [pigeonholes in clerk's desk] --EX CONTRACTU-- Arising fromn BREACH of CONTRACTUAL RIGHTS 1. DEBT 2. DETINUE 3.COVENANT 4 SPECIAL ASSUMPSIT 5 GENERAL ASSUMPSIT Allegation of a debt 2. Allegation of a promise General Assumpsit is divided into classes INDEBITATUS ASSUMPSIT money hadand received by defendant, loaned, interest, account stated ..QUANTUM MERUIT 'as much as he deserves' for work and labor plaintiff can recover what he reasonably deserves.. & QUANTUM VALEBAT 'as much as it is worth' for goods sold and delivered Founded on IMPLIED PROMISE TO PAY plaintiff as much as goods are reasonably worth. --EX DELICTO out of wrong, tort: [Arising from Breach of NATURAL RIGHTS] 6. TRESPASS 7. TROVER 8. REPLEVIN 9. CASE [Action on the case] 10. EJECTMENT ---TRESPASS is form of action to recover DAMAGES for any DIRECT PHYSICAL INTERFERENCE with the person or porperty of another.Trespass is subdivided into three classes TRESPASS VI ET ARMIS to recover for direct or physical interferecne with the PERSON of another TRSPASS DE BONIS ASPORTATIS to recover damages for Injury to PERSONAL PROPERTY chattels- removal or destruction and TRESPASS QUARE CLAUSUM FREGIT to recover damages for injury to REAL PROPERTY forcible intrusion. TROVER is form of action to recover VALUE of personal property uinlawfully taken. "CONVERTED" by the defendant Recovery of actual chattel NOT SOUGHT -this form of action is now commonly called "CONVERSION" -To be used cautiously because of various limitations in its scope.REPLEVIN-- form of action to RECOVER SPECIFIC CHATTELS with or without DAMAGES for unlawful taking and detention. This form of action has ben extended in its application and has been used largely instead of DETINUE.History of REPLEVIN dates back to about TWELFTH century when much used to regain specific chattels seized by landlord. Plaintiff must have general or special ownership and right to immediate possession. DEMAND advisable before action to fix date of detention.Plaintiff puts up BOND prior to action to cover in event of failure of the Action.CASE "TRESPASS ON THE CASE" Form of Action to Recover Damages -person or property- arising from WRONG by DEFENDANT done without DIRECT APPPLICATION of FORCE--wrongful act usually remote from resulting injury.This form of action is sort of a "catchall" for all not clearly under other forms of action.It covered violation of a legal right for which common law courts gave redress and for which no other common law remedy existed.EJECTMENT Form of Action to recover POSSESSION of REAL PROPERTY wrongfully held by Defendant together with damages for wrongful detention.


 


Norfolk Hospital April 9, 1936 p 86-1347

 

#59 CLAXTON l936 On the ninth of April,l936 when John junior was born,the CLAXTON was at the Naval Operating Base at Norfolk.Early that morning I told Jack I had telephoned the obstetrician who advised me to enter Norfolk Protestant Hospital at once.But Jack said he absolutely had to go to the ship that Thursday,& off he went with the promise to return as soon as possible to take me to the hospital.I must have misunderstood the amount & importance of what he had to do, as I was all packed, dressed, & ready to leave the third floor apartment at ten in the morning. When he p. 217 failed to return by lunch time I was concerned, but I fixed lunch for myself & then sat at the window to await his arrival.Tense & nervous lest the baby arrive while I was alone,I was not too cordial when he arrived at four o'clock or later, explaining that he couldn't get away as he was in command of the five destroyers which were to cruise midshipmen that summer - he had a great deal of work to do & papers to sign relating to those cruises.He got me to the hospital at 5:30 in the afternoon, & John was born at eight in the evening. Some months later I went back for a checkup, and a doctor absentmindedly asked me, "And when are we expecting?"After their return from the U.S. Fleet Landing Exercise Number Two at Culebra east of Puerto Rico,Admiral Hayne Ellis, Commander of the Training Squadron,sent a messge to the Commander of Destroyer Squadron Ten: Subject: Duty performed by USS TAYLOR & CLAXTON during U.S. Fleet Landing Exercise #2 ..These vessels met every requirement smoothly & efficiently.Their commanding officers & officers were always on the job whether plane guarding or transporting landing forces or taking part in the various exercises. The ships shot so well showing consistent & proper preparation,training, & orgtanization. They had on board officers of the United States Army who were loud in their praises of courtesies extended & remarked on this efficient handling.If the Commander Training Squadron were marking the Commanding Officers he would asign a rank of 3.9 for their performance of duties. Hayne Ellis commander." (Walter Calhoun was in command of TAYLOR & J.B. Barrett in command of CLAXTON-Sophie M. Barrett note)


 


RICHARD VISSER identifying HANNIBAL OFFICERS 1934 p 86-1348

 

postmark August 30 1989 Rear Admiral and Mrs. Richard Gerben Visser United States Navy Retired : Madrid Sunday 27 August '89 Dear John, Thank you for sending the pictures of Captain Hinckley's farewell party,- they bring back treasured memories. Except for commanding the SS DALY (DD519) during World War II, I think my tour on survey duty in the HANNIBAL was the most interesting and self satisfying of my naval career.As young officers we were given the responsibility we wanted, and we could see the results of our work. I reported to the ship just after New Years Day in 1934 and served nearly two years until October, 1935,before being transferred. To identify some of the people:- (1)standing in the aisle holding up his drink is Lieutenant jg "Red" Akin US Naval Academy 1929 a classmate; (2) beside him on his right is Mervin Halstead USNA 1930;(3) I am standing just behind Akin. I don't see Dr. Smith in the picture.4 Commander Gresham with the swollen left arm is Hinckley's relief and sitting between Commander and Mrs. Hinckley. (5) Sitting beside Mrs. Hinckley is Helen Akin, Red's wife; next (6) is Lieutenant C.B. Peake the Supply Officer. I forget the name of the attractive girl next. I dated her, and she was the sister of a flyer (Army Air Corps) at Albrook Field. Jean Nelson is the last girl seated, and her husband Paul is standing behind her. He is a classmate also. I hope you sent these pictures to Halstead, too, for he will appreciate them as do I. This year is the sixtieth anniversary of my USNA class of 1929, and we are celebrating our reunion on 25 and 26 October in Annapolis with homecoming following on the 27th and 28th.We're meeting with our daughter and grandson and cousins, so it should be a great reunion. Many thanks again for sending the pictures.I shall write to the Halsteads.I'm sorry they live out in California - too far to visit. Joanna joins in sending best regards.-- Dick Visser.


 

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Forks High School Future Homemakers of America DON QUIXOTE by Cervantes 1605 + 1615 and AVELLANEDA 1614 Probably the most important and beloved novel ever written was DON QUIXOTE by Miguel Cervantes vol. 1 1605 volume 2 1615 early English translation by Shelton 1608 best translation by John Ormsby around 1880s. In 1614 a variant DON QUIXOTE by a different author who used pen name AVELLANENA appeared, and Cervantes makies rejoinder to it in Volume 2. Supposedly Avellaneda was from Aragon in eastern Spain and a clergyman and believed Cervantes had insulted the playwright Loe de Vega. From Vol. Two chapter 59 to the end Ch. 74 Quixote and Sancho Panza furiously denouce the pirated and unauthorized version as libelous and untrue. Quixote, who had planned to enter jousting as Zaragoza as a knight errant, goes to Barcelona instead, to foil the Avellaneda account and make clear that he is not Avellaneda's Quixote. Cervantes creates a fictional Arabic historian Cidi Hamete Benengeli, who is supposed to have written the history of Quixote, which he has found and had translated into Castilian. In the final chapter, notaries verify that Quixote has died, and Benengeli rhapsodizes to his pen, as he hangs it on a hook, that Quixote is truly dead and no imposter should try to take the pen down and write more, as he has exploded the medieval tales of knights errant, and no more is needed. There seems to be a possibility that Cervantes or a crony actually wrote the Avellaneda version for publicity purposes or to create a foil for the second volume. I am not the first person to raise this question, but it is not widely discussed, and I have not made up my mind. It is often assumed Cervantes began the story casually, with the adventures of a madman crazed by reading tales of knights errant, and that when it went well he added Sancho Panza about chapter seven, and Cidi Hamete Benengeli around Chapter Eight. However, i hope to assemble evidence that much of the narrative was planned early in the construction. In Vol. One chapter four, the knight errant tries to aid a teenager who is being beaten by the farmer he works for, but we learn later that his intervention has actually made things worse, and Quixote does great harm beating innocent people in his delusions and freeing the king's convicted prisoners, who are being sent to the galleys, including Gines de Pasamonte, who then steals Sancho's donkey. Early on we learn that Sancho dreams of becoming a governor of an island, and this is one of the climaxes of Volume Two, where Sancho quotes his master's advice "If justice must err, let it err on the side of mercy." Seeming digressions like "the Ill-Advised Curiosity" about a fool who distrusts his wife and best friend" actually have a deep relevance to the main story. Cervantes often creates parallel episodes - a "theme-and-variations design - Don Quixote has a vision of Merlin in the Cave of Montesinos, Sancho rides the wooden horse in the sky and touches the Pleiades, and then falls into a cave, where Quixote thinks he must resuce a sould from Purgatory, when he hears Sancho's screams and the bray of the donkey. At the beginning of Volume Two, Quixote and Sancho are excited and amazed to find a book has been written about them, and in many ways this leads into their indignation in chapter 59 at Avellaneda's libel. Is this one of Cervantes' best jokes, largely undiscovered 400 years? In Chapter 70 the female prankster Altisodora tells Quixote she has had a dream she was dead and just outside the gate of Hell, where demons were playing tennis, and they banged a smashed copy of Avellaneda's book down into hell. I am not ready to say positively that Cervantes himself was responsible for the "Avellaneda" version, but I invite friends to "Look at the text" in a phrase of my old classics teacher Dr. Van Courtlandt Elliott Notes on Miguel Cervantes and DON QUIXOTE Miguel Cervantes was born 1547 in central Spain, in the southeast of the old kingdon of Castile. His left arm and hand were crippled 1571 in the great Naval battle of LEPANTO against the Turks in the narrow waters near Naupaktos leading from the Adriatic Sea toward the Isthmus of Corinth. It was an important victory for Spain and Venice and their allies under Don Juan of Austria and led to a gradual decline of Turkish power in the Mediterranean and Europe. Cervantes was captured by pirates on his way home and was a prisoner in Algeria, finally getting home in 1581. He wrote the first and probably the greatest novel of modern world literature "DON QUIXOTE" in two volumes 1605 and 1615 near the end of his life, dying of diabetes 1616 five days after Shakespeare. The madness of Quixote is supposed to be caused by excessive reading of tales of chivalry and knights errant, of which the most famous is the Amadis of Gaul, as preserved in Spain, though the action is supposed to be centered in France and Britain. In Volume I Quixote sets out alone first and goes to a tavern, which he takes for a castle and demands that the innkeeper dub him a knight, which he does to humor Quixote. One of the first adventures comes when Quixote sees a farmer beating a teenage boy, whom he says is lazy and unreliable. Quixote orders him to stop and pay the boy back wages, and Quixote for a time cites this as one example of the good he does as a traveling knight errant, but some weeks later he encounters the boy, who tells him as soon as Quixote was out of sight the farmer beat him more mercilessly than ever. The innkeeper advised Quixote to go home and carry money and shirts, so he goes home to La Mancha, where his niece and housekeeper are greatly distressed, and the local curate and barber burn most of his books. He then sets out again, with a naive neighbor Sancho Panza as his squire. Don Quiote is very tall and rides a very thin hack of a horse Rocinante, while Sancho is very devoted to his gray donkey. Quizote says knights errant dedicate their good works adding the oppressed to their ladies, and his is the imaginary Dulcinea del Toboso, of unequaled beauty. Quixote tilts against a windmill in one of his best known adventures. He fights a Basque or Viscayan and mistakes herds of sheep for opposing armies. They go to another inn, where Sancho is tossed in a blanket.


 

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autum 1999 John Barrett notes on importance of including human rights preparedness in military education. United States and Australia ignored warnings of coming violence in East Timor as indonesian Army with US weapons and financing prepared to resist. Military personnel think in terms of major war and are not ready for situations like Somalia 1992, Haiti 1993, East Tinmor 1999. Harvard has received siuxteen million dollar grant for human rights studies. Naval War College Newport, Rhode Island, does offer courses in human rights and international law and contingency planning.


 

 

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