Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos


90=1375 Sophie reading Brooklyn 1941


Jack was stationed at New York Branch Hydrographic Office September 1939 through June 1940 and replaced retiring Captain Baggaley in charge spring l940. He considered his promotion to Commander an "Irish promotion." as he was scheduled for retirement June l940, but all retirements were cancelled June 1940 because of Woirld Wai II emergency. Charts and weather information were made available not only to Navy ships but to commercial ship captains of all nations, who in turn submitted information the Branch Office collected on winds, weather and hazards to navigation, including wartime mines and military operations, which were forwarded to the Hydrographic office in Washington, where Jack's old friend Gershom Bradford was editor of Naval Hydrographic Office "Notices to Mariners." In the spring of 1941 Jack was consulted by Charles Edey Fay of Connecticutwho had access of Atlantic Insurance Company records of the disappearance of ter five man crew of the New Bedford fishing schooner MARY CELESTE November, 1872. Fay wanted Jack's interpretation of certain navigational notes of the MARY CELESTE near the Azores. He suggested the crew suddenly abandoned ship and got into small boats because they feARED AN EXPLOSION OF ALCOHOL VAPORS FROM CARGO. Gershom Bradford published in American Neptune magazine his theory that waterspouts are frequent near the Azores in November - local severe tornados that draw water and sometimes fish high in the air and threaten small ships. Jack kept four of Fay's letters from around the time the Barretts left for Pearl Harbor mid-l941. The Branch Hydrographic office was in the New York Customs House but had to be relocated - Jack helped obtain an accessible new location where sea captains would continue to find visits convenient, as their information was often useful to the Navy. Jack's former teacher at Revenue Cutter School Captain Dempwolf United States Coast Guard considered the issue important and worte letters supporting many commercial shipping companies in keeping the office at a conveneint location. This was one of many contacts Jack Barrett maintained all his life with friends from Revenue Cutter School l909-l911, which became modern Coast Guard Academy.The motto of the Coast Guiard was "Semper paratus" - Jack applied this motto in his efforts to avert the Pearl Harbor disaster December 7, l941.


90-1376 Kaiulani banyan Waikiki 1970


occidentalis Nutt Larix occidentalis Nutt. Western Larch. Pinaceae -- Pine Family. Wyman C. Schmidt and Raymond C. Shearer. ... Description: Habitat, Climate, Soils and Topography, Reproduction and Early Growth, Special Uses, Genetics,... Category: Science Biology ... Pinopsida Pinaceae Larix Larix occidentalis - 84k - Cached - Similar pages Larix occidentalis description photograph Bole and, in right background, pale green foliage of mature trees in a mixed-conifer forest [Emily Heyerdahl]. ... Larix occidentalis Nuttall 1849 ... - 8k - Cached - Similar pages Western Larch - Larix occidentalis Western Larch - Larix occidentalis. Adelges spp. ( Adelgids ). Caripeta divisata ( Gray Spruce Looper ). Choristoneura spp. ( Budworms ). ... - 4k - Cached - Similar pages Western Larch (Larix occidentalis) Western Larch (Larix occidentalis). Bradysia spp. ( Fungus gnats ). Cinara spp. ( Giant conifer aphids ). Colletotrichum acutatum ( Colletotrichum blight ). ... Description: Diseases and Insects Category: Science Biology ... Pinopsida Pinaceae Larix Larix occidentalis - 4k - Cached - Similar pages [ More results from ] Ethnobotany & Larix occidentalis Larix occidentalis Western Larch Tamarack, Hackmatack Pinaceae (Pine Family) Description A tall ... CulturalResources/Ethnobotany/Larix.htm - 6k --Larix occidentalis Index of Species Information. SPECIES: Larix occidentalis Description: Distribution and Occurence; Value and Use; Characteristics; Fire Ecology Category: Science Biology ... Pinopsida Pinaceae Larix Larix occidentalis - 2k - Larix occidentalis Larix occidentalis. Found on: Kamiak Butte and Moscow Mountain. - 1k - Thumbnail images of query. Click on any thumbnail to obtain expanded image and image commentary. Western larch. John Worrall. ... - 2k --Silvics Guide Western silvics/conifers/larix/occidentalis occidentalis_frame.html - 1k - Larix occidentalis fact sheet Western larch Pinaceae Larix occidentalis Leaf: Deciduous, yellow-green in spring turning golden ... dendrology/syllabus Loccidentalis. 3k Cancer Immunol Immunother 1993;36(4):237-44 Mechanism of stimulation of human natural killer cytotoxicity by arabinogalactan from Larix occidentalis. Hauer J, Anderer FA. Friedrich-Miescher-Laboratorium, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Tubingen, Federal Republic of Germany. Cultures of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as well as cultures of preseparated peripheral non-adherent cells (PNAC) and monocytes showed enhancement of natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity against K562 tumor cells when pretreated with arabinogalactan from Larix occidentalis for 48-72 h. Lack of enhanced responses of PBMC (37% of donors) did not necessarily mean that PNAC and monocyte cultures were also non-responsive to arabinogalactan treatment. Moreover, PBMC, PNAC and monocytes of individual donors could exhibit various responses to arabinogalactan when cultures derived from bleedings after intervals of several months were assayed. Arabinogalactan-mediated enhancement of NK cytotoxicity was not initiated directly but was found to be governed by the cytokine network. Generally, arabinogalactan pretreatment induced an increased release of interferon gamma (IFN gamma), tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and IL-6 but only IFN gamma was involved in enhancement of NK cytotoxicity since cytotoxicity enhancement of PBMC and PNAC but not that of monocytes could be blocked when anti-IFN gamma antibodies were present during pretreatment. The presence of anti-IL-2 antibodies completely blocked NK cytotoxicity enhancement of PBMC and only moderately that of PNAC and monocytes. This blocking effect was also observed when no detectable increase of IL-2 release could be recorded. The receptor specificity of arabinogalactan is not well characterized. Initial information obtained from comparative studies indicated that arabinogalactan presumably interacts with a receptor that showed specificity for a NK-cytotoxicity-enhancing oligo-saccharide from Viscum album extracts since the action of both components was not synergistic but rather competitive.








Sophie Probably Aboard HANNIBAL


90-1379 reading 2415 Ala Wai Boulevard Waikiki




p 90-1380


Ala Wai Sophie


90-1381 Nathalie and Gertude Rice with Sophie Barrett Tientsin 1931




90-1382 Gertrude and Nathalie Rice 1931 Tientsin China {9}


several photos were found in storage when John Barrett visited Boston November 1999. Ben and Mei-ching Maleson and Robert Godino have been extremely helpful storing materials.