Red Headed Stepchild
(The Barrett family memoir of Navy Life)
by Sophie Ruth Meranski with photos

 


p 93-1401

 

After traveling my usual route around West side of Olympic peninsula near Forks, Kalaloch, Pacific Ocean, Quinault, Hoquiam,. Aberdeen Nov. 1 arrived Olympia 8:30 Greyhound Ameripass 45 day -left to Seattle 10 pm N5 arrive Boston - entered library - proceeded to Botany Library- visited Cambridge public - heard Bruce Sorrie NEBC saw [there and in Botany library the next week} Judy Warnement,David Boufford, Carroll and Emily Wood, Otto Solbrig,Don Pfister, Bob Cook, Mikke Donoghue, Les Meyrhoff, Paul Somers, Gandhi,Richard Primack, Leila Schultz,Hunter Dupree, Darlene Murawski, - took 11"20 bus to Portland ME. N6 Arrrived Portland 1:20 AM walked mainly west-{made four overnight visits to Portland during month- took long walk alomg newly developed Northeast two-mile shore trail-saw Longfellow statue] Nov 6 caught 7:05 AM bus to Boston arrived early about 1:30 PM at HERBARIA attended Norton Miller talk on mosses and diaspores of upper Adirondacks and Mount Washington NH mainly above timber line.. They are diverse and abundant in this zone and give much paleoclimate infomration Holocene since last ice age.At Friends of Farlow meeting saw Milton Landowne,Elizabeth Kneiper, David Hibbett - last two current and incoming presidents of Friends of Farlow. Spent night with Malesons 20 Boylston St. Jamaica Plain MA. Monday went mushroom hunting with Ben.Tuesday 7:30 pm with Ben Maleson heard Gustavo Romero - fine orchid slides talk to Massachusetts Horticultural Society at Waltham field station. David Boufford, who has been a great help in many ways, showed me about eight collections from New Caledonia of Harvard's herbarium material of Amborella, believed to be the earliest branching clade among flowering plants, according to genetic evidence. In general appearance it resembles Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Winteraceae, Degeneria. It grows only in the upper altitude of the large island of New Caledonia, but is fairly abundant within that locality.I had opportunity to read 1997 Ph.d thesis of Santiago Madrinan's on Rhodostephanodaphne of family Lauraceae- he is currently working back in Colombia. Harvard has one of the three or four largest orchid herbaria in world- especially strong in Latin American material -based on personal collections of Oakes Ames, who also donated core of Economic Botany and Ames Orchid Libraries.On a swing through West Roxbury I saw the Vozzella family, Bob Godino,Steve Slyne and Mr. David Hallahan senior. Nov 10 eight pm heard Earth Scientist Paul Hoffman on "Snowball Earth" evidence four ice ages freezing of tropical ocean surface to equator between 730 and 580 M ya BY. Photoaynthesis was reduced, so a severe greenhouse effect produced hot interglacials. Nov 12-16 visited Paul and Marjorie Kavanaugh Breckenridge LA Fairfax VA Nov. 13 Paul drove to Gallaudet where we met Deborah Sonnenstrahl at library about one pm, and Danny Meranski and girl fiend [Marsha?] joined us about 2:30. Later stopped by Jefferson Memorial. Nov . 14 Bull Run juniper trees of interest- excellent volunteer guides to battlefield of First Bull Run July 1861 - also walked part of much larger area of Second Bull Run August 1862. Nov 15 Library of Congress, mainly on Gershom Bradford writings. Nov. 16 Paul and Marjorie drove me to meet William W. Paca at Richmond VA - lunch at Paca's country-golf club.Afternoon non stop buses NY, passing near Eastampton NJ] Nov 17 visit Ross and Mrs. Holloway at Center for Old World Art and Archaeology and Faculty Club lunch. Stayed with Haiti activists Joanna and Mackie Burnette of Norfolk St. Cambridge several nights.Sunday visited Paul and Cathy Beatty 62 Beacon St. Boston - discussed Jackson Bate's 1975 Samuel johnson biography.- got Cathy's songs" CD -- Saw classmate Rodney Long and his girl friend, a secretary in Economics Depatment at Harvard. I saw my foster cousin Amy Shulman and her husband, the cancer geneticist Robert Weinberg of MIT. I heard a program on economics with Paul Shannon of American Friends Service Committee, another Haiti activist. I managed fifteen hours volunteering with RFB&D - Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic at their new location 58 Charles Street East Cambridge near Second St. I had good visit with Volunteer Director Ted Washburn {crew expert Harvard college 1964 long freshman crew coach}.-also with Ed Samp, John Mekota, and other volunteers. Mark Salzer of Boston chapter East Timor Action newtwork stopped by. Thanksigiving at Mike-Thalia Price home saw David-Joan Darya Mrs. Trouboff Erica * David Siegel and two children, Millie Geeter and Thora and Ed Pomicter and two children - Erice, Pam and baby and her mother - Jessica and Hilary Price and omse friends of Hilary -Harold and Ava and Jennifer Geetter [last at Harvard Law taking Larry Tribe's course][Lauren is teaching English in Bueons Aires] and Suzanne and Norman Kashdan and Sarah now 15. Caught New York bus about 7:40 pm in Newton -- went through Pittsburg Nov. 27-8 visited Jim and Cheryl Ullyot 4326 Fremont Av. St., Minneapolis- Nov 28 Saw Jim Beatty at breakfast [high school friend of Jim Ullyot who visited Harvard during 1962 graduation week] - visited Creative Commuinications offices Blooomfield, home of railroad man James J. Hill and his wife Mary Theresa Mehegan of Ballinhassig on hill near St. Paul cathedral- & went with Jim to shopping centers. On bus west talked with Brent from moorhead, studying child psychology at SWU Pullman. I was considering stop at Pullman, but deferred it to Dec. 14 - passed through Seattle just before WTO riotes Tuesday {Nov 30 check date}.


 


Trip from Washington State to MA,VA,DC

 

After traveling my usual route around West side of Olympic peninsula near Forks, Kalaloch, Pacific Ocean, Quinault, Hoquiam,. Aberdeen Nov. 1 arrived Olympia 8:30 Greyhound Ameripass 45 day -left to Seattle 10 pm N5 arrive Boston - entered library - proceeded to Botany Library- visited Cambridge public - heard Bruce Sorrie NEBC saw [there and in Botany library the next week} Judy Warnement,David Boufford, Carroll and Emily Wood, Otto Solbrig,Don Pfister, Bob Cook, Mikke Donoghue, Les Meyrhoff, Paul Somers, Gandhi,Richard Primack, Leila Schultz,Hunter Dupree, Darlene Murawski, - took 11"20 bus to Portland ME. N6 Arrrived Portland 1:20 AM walked mainly west-{made four overnight visits to Portland during month- took long walk alomg newly developed Northeast two-mile shore trail-saw Longfellow statue] Nov 6 caught 7:05 AM bus to Boston arrived early about 1:30 PM at HERBARIA attended Norton Miller talk on mosses and diaspores of upper Adirondacks and Mount Washington NH mainly above timber line.. They are diverse and abundant in this zone and give much paleoclimate infomration Holocene since last ice age.At Friends of Farlow meeting saw Milton Landowne,Elizabeth Kneiper, David Hibbett - last two current and incoming presidents of Friends of Farlow. Spent night with Malesons 20 Boylston St. Jamaica Plain MA. Monday went mushroom hunting with Ben.Tuesday 7:30 pm with Ben Maleson heard Gustavo Romero - fine orchid slides talk to Massachusetts Horticultural Society at Waltham field station. David Boufford, who has been a great help in many ways, showed me about eight collections from New Caledonia of Harvard's herbarium material of Amborella, believed to be the earliest branching clade among flowering plants, according to genetic evidence. In general appearance it resembles Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae, Winteraceae, Degeneria. It grows only in the upper altitude of the large island of New Caledonia, but is fairly abundant within that locality.I had opportunity to read 1997 Ph.d thesis of Santiago Madrinan's on Rhodostephanodaphne of family Lauraceae- he is currently working back in Colombia. Harvard has one of the three or four largest orchid herbaria in world- especially strong in Latin American material -based on personal collections of Oakes Ames, who also donated core of Economic Botany and Ames Orchid Libraries.On a swing through West Roxbury I saw the Vozzella family, Bob Godino,Steve Slyne and Mr. David Hallahan senior. Nov 10 eight pm heard Earth Scientist Paul Hoffman on "Snowball Earth" evidence four ice ages freezing of tropical ocean surface to equator between 730 and 580 M ya BY. Photoaynthesis was reduced, so a severe greenhouse effect produced hot interglacials. Nov 12-16 visited Paul and Marjorie Kavanaugh Breckenridge LA Fairfax VA Nov. 13 Paul drove to Gallaudet where we met Deborah Sonnenstrahl at library about one pm, and Danny Meranski and girl fiend [Marsha?] joined us about 2:30. Later stopped by Jefferson Memorial. Nov . 14 Bull Run juniper trees of interest- excellent volunteer guides to battlefield of First Bull Run July 1861 - also walked part of much larger area of Second Bull Run August 1862. Nov 15 Library of Congress, mainly on Gershom Bradford writings. Nov. 16 Paul and Marjorie drove me to meet William W. Paca at Richmond VA - lunch at Paca's country-golf club.Afternoon non stop buses NY, passing near Eastampton NJ] Nov 17 visit Ross and Mrs. Holloway at Center for Old World Art and Archaeology and Faculty Club lunch. Stayed with Haiti activists Joanna and Mackie Burnette of Norfolk St. Cambridge several nights.Sunday visited Paul and Cathy Beatty 62 Beacon St. Boston - discussed Jackson Bate's 1975 Samuel johnson biography.- got Cathy's songs" CD -- Saw classmate Rodney Long and his girl friend, a secretary in Economics Depatment at Harvard. I saw my foster cousin Amy Shulman and her husband, the cancer geneticist Robert Weinberg of MIT. I spoke by telephone with Amy's mother who is my mother's foster sister -Rachel Shulman of Harvard and her husband Albert. I heard a program on economics with Paul Shannon of American Friends Service Committee, another Haiti activist. I managed fifteen hours volunteering with RFB&D - Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic at their new location 58 Charles Street East Cambridge near Second St. I had good visit with Volunteer Director Ted Washburn {crew expert Harvard college 1964 long freshman crew coach}.-also with Ed Samp, John Mekota, and other volunteers. Mark Salzer of Boston chapter East Timor Action newtwork stopped by. Thanksigiving at Mike-Thalia Price home saw David-Joan Darya Mrs. Trouboff Erica * David Siegel and two children, Millie Geetter and Thora and Ed Pomicter and two children - Erice, Pam and baby and her mother - Jessica and Hilary Price and omse friends of Hilary -Harold and Ava and Jennifer Geetter [last at Harvard Law taking Larry Tribe's course][Lauren is teaching English in Bueons Aires] and Suzanne and Norman Kashdan and Sarah now 15. Caught New York bus about 7:40 pm in Newton -- went through Pittsburg Nov. 27-8 visited Jim and Cheryl Ullyot 4326 Fremont Av. St., Minneapolis- Nov 28 Saw Jim Beatty at breakfast [high school friend of Jim Ullyot who visited Harvard during 1962 graduation week] - visited Creative Commuinications offices Blooomfield, home of railroad man James J. Hill and his wife Mary Theresa Mehegan of Ballinhassig on hill near St. Paul cathedral- & went with Jim to shopping centers. On bus west talked with Brent from moorhead, studying child psychology at SWU Pullman. I was considering stop at Pullman, but deferred it to Dec. 14 - passed through Seattle just before WTO rites Tuesday {Nov 30 check date}.


 

1403.
p 93-1403

 

Forks Forum photo of boys basketball Kurt Olson scores his thousandth point ---+11 May 2000 19:45:42 -0700 (PDT) From: John Barrett | Block address Subject: Energy from Nearby Brown Dwarfs We have seen that energy may be a limiting factor for long term human survival- whether on erth - where overheating of sun will become a problem- or on the outer planets, where fusion energy will eventually be the main fuel- how much hydrogen would be needed for 2-3 billion year survival on outer planets? It comes to mind that the outer planets are mostly hydrogen - it is sugggested their cores may be largely metallic hydrogen, which conducts electricity under pressure. A recent issue of Astronomy magazine suggests that brown drawfs are likely to turn up within a few light years. They might be excellent fuel sources, whether for my project of reducingt mass of sun, or for heating life on the rocky outer satellites. I still hope the best source of energy will be the sun itself. If advanced civilizations already exist in Milky Way galaxy, might we detect them diverting pulsar beams to places where they need energy? I see much progress on non-baryonic matter and other topics. I found article on June 1999 observation of sun's galactic rotation relative to galactic center - but I am still loooking for more on its motion relative to neighboring stars and glactic plane.


 

1404.
p 93-1404

 

Forks Wrestling results and photo of Mike Hirsch - . . . In Friday's Wall St. Journal August 11 a few minutes ago I made a photocopy of an article on an inside page in the A section- and you won't believe this - but people are actually criticizing the Corps of Engineers! I neglected to note the page number but will do that later today --- Title "TERNS JOIN DAMS AS SALMON'S FOE - BUT DONT TELL GORE." [by John J. Fialka] On the north WASHINGTON STATE SIDE of the Columbia River west of Astoria is East Sand Island. "Some 7000 East Caspian terns nest in the sand of this bleak, windswept island planted in the wide estuary of the Columbia River. .. the island the terns are sitting on is made from spoils dredged up by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The sandy plateau for their nests was shaped by Marine Corps bulldozers....This ..... was arranged ... hoping to lure the birds away from another Corps dredging project, Rice Island thirteen miles away. There, they were found to be devastating the river's salmon... the. U.S. has spent three billion trying to save the salmon... Caspian terns are late-comers to this convoluted battle... Two scientists [1996] from Oregon discovered an ominous and smelly high tech clue. Curious about the fate of the 85 million to 100 million baby salmon released into the river from government hatcheries every yer, federal researchers began inserting tiny radio transmitters ...PIT tags- into some of the fish. Therory ... was that little fish were being killed by hydroelectric dams or being eaten by larger fish in the ocean. Nobody really suspected the terns until scientists found FORTY THOUSAND of the tags in heaps of tern dung accumulating on Rice Island. Daniel Robey bird ecologist Oregon State ... calculated terns from Rice Island were eating somewhere between six per cent and twenty-five per cent of all the hatchery fish. The findings jolted the region's powerful fish lobby into action. Early last year it sued the Corps of Engineers in federal court in Washington state. ..The Corps built Rice Island in the 1980s as part of its job to keep the shipping channels dredged. The spoils eventually accumulated into a 220-acre island. By 1996 it hosted the largest known colony of Caspian terns in the world, -twenty thousand birds." The article goes on to discuss complications as the birds may be protected by various treaties. Thank you Al Gore! What a lovely mess!


 

1405.
p 93-1405

 

Forks girls basketballl 2000----.++ Sam King from notebook p.107"The first native Hawaiian to graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy was Samuel Wilder King class of l909.He resigned his seat as elected Hawaiian territorial delegate to the United States Congress to return to active Naval duty during the war.He served as Military Governor of American Samoa during the war.During his absence his wife Pauline went to see Jack about a lost trunk belonging to her son in the Navy.She was pleased by the personal interest she felt Jack took.She used to say she was "Part-Hawaiian & proud of it."Jack knew her husband either in person or by reputation from his several visits to Hawaii in the l920's.Her husband also had New England ancestral roots & was a distant relative of the poet Oliver Wendell Holmes.One day Pauline paid an afternoon call on me in Waikiki.When I told Mrs. King I could not find a small lahalla straw mate for John's daily nap at school in rest period,she said that she would ask Sam to try to get one in Samoa.A few weeks later she returned,carrying a Samoan straw mat.- a little too large & pretty for school naps where the mats were stuffed into a wooden chest for storage, but since Sam had taken the trouble to ship it via a Navy ship going to Pearl Harbor, & Mrs. King had picked it up there & delivered it herself to us in her car,we used the mat for naps at Thomas Jefferson School.Frequently after that I would find wonderful bananas, pineapple, papays & lettuces on the bench on my front porch & once I found some macadamia nuts there- a nut I had never seen before- hard & most delicious.These delicacies were left for us by Mrs. King after her occasional visits to her family on the other side of Oahu.During the war Mr. & Mrs. King & their children lived in a rented home in Kahala because of the gasoline rationing & blackout.When the war ended,Sam returned to Oahu, & Mrs. King telephoned inviting the three of us to a supper party in honor of Sam's return home.Jack was no longer working on Sundays.As we were preparing to to leave the house about 5:30 Sunday evening to go to Kahala, Colonel William Winchester Paca,commander of the Marines at Camp Catlin came to call. He was an old friend from our TULSA days in North China in l93l, & his family were descendants of the William W.Paca of Annapolis Maryland who signed the Declaration of Independence in l776. Paca's home in Annapolis became Carvel Hall at th Naval Academy.Paca was one of the few Marine officers who was a graduate of West Point military academy.He was known to some of his friends as "Soldier" because of this background- he visited us several times during his Hawaii duty l944=l946.That Sunday afternoon he was cold & tired & soon after he aarrive he asked me for a cup of coffee, which I tried to make it my large Silex. i am afraid I gave him a rather poor cup of coffee because my mind was on the King party, where we were to eat at six o'clock - still I didn't like to desert Paca. Without consulting him I telephoned Pauline King to ask her if she could have the commanding officer of Camp Catlin as her guesxt for supper, and she agreed.At the supper we met Captain Edward D.Washburn, junior, who like Jack, had formerly been in charge of a Branch Hydrographic office. Washburn had the one in San Francisco at the same time Jack had the one in New York City l939-l94l.At the party were Captain Sam King, Captain & Mrs. Lewis- Jack's boss as Personnel Officer during the war,& the woman who headed the Women's Marine Corps.There were also a number of young people, including the King & Lewis families.When Mrs. King asked me to fill glasses of milk in her kitchen,I was amazed that she was handling all the cooking herself with no maid to cook or serve.The senior guests were served at numerous card tables in the living room, while the young people were served outdoors.Mrs. King had prepared an enormous pot of spaghetti & meatballs-just right for that rather chilly evening.We were seated at Captain Washburn's small table for four- he,Jack, John & I comprising that group.At first I did not sit with them as Mrs. King asked me to serve the dishes of spaghetti as she ladled them out & told me exactly whom to serve & to whom to give milk.So I rushed back & forth serving Captain Washburn,Jack, Colonel Paca, the woman Marine,Captain & Mrs. Lewis exactly as she told me to-& when I asked about the people outdoors,she said they understood that the kitchen would be theirs after the guests were served.Then she filled a plate for me,& when I realized it was the last of the spaghetti,I asked her about her own spaghetti, & she told me to forget it.So reluctantly I went to my seat, feeling I had done a good job.Suddenly I heard the guest of honor Sam King inquiring loudly, "Don't I get anything to eat?" We had forgotten to serve Sam. After dinner the young folks came into the living room, played dance records, & danced. Colonel Paca enjoyed himself very much dancing with the young people, & when we finally left, he continued at the party.While waiting for his supper, Sam King said," This informality is just Pauline. It reminds me of an incident that happened shortly before I resigned as Delegate to Congress.We ususally came home (to the windward side of the Island) when Congress closed each year to relax.I had often said to friends in Congress 'if you come to the Islands, let us show you some Hawaiian hospitality'. One afternoon when I was not home,three Congressmen did call- & a maid told them, 'Just go out back'- because that's where Pauline was. ."- so they went out back to see the perfect Washington hostess they had known impeccable in dress when in Washington-& they were amazed when she hailed them from high up in a tree.She nonchalantly climbed down & offered the Congressmen some of the mangoes she had collected.Pauline verified that the story was true.There was a parent-teacher association at the Thomas Jefferson School through which I met some of the other parents.We met Peter Perser & his mother from nearby Tuisitala Street in the first grade on the day school opened in September l942- & later the families of Robert Ho, Nicholas Vaksvik, Rose Lee on the golf course, & the Cook family who lived half a block east of us at 2465 Ala Wai. Edric Cook worked with a shipping company,& his wife Anne was from Seattle. Her father born in Europe came for an extended visit about l945. Esther Trease was an officer of the Honolulu Parent Teachers Association.We attended the ten birthday of her daughter Diane at their large house on a hill in Kaimuki.Mrs. Trease commented that nobody ever bothered to celebrate her own birthdays because they fell two days after Christmas on December 27.Dr. Paul Withington was a Navy Reserve doctor who advised Jack on ship facilities & priorities for the sick & wounded.His mother was the first woman principal in a Massachusetts school (in Brookline) The Withington family developed a sugar plantation on windward Oahu before l900,and five sons attended Harvard. Paul Withington played football & rowed on the crew in the class of l909.After medical school l9l3 he coached fotball at University of Wisconsin & became an Army doctor in World War I. In Hawaii he was interested in yachting & worked with swimmer Duke Kahanamoku improving the breathing & timing of the Australian crawl stroke. In the l930's he knew General Patton, who was stationed in Hawaii several years.One time we had dinner at Dr. Withington's home high up in a valley near Mount Round Top & saw several rabbits in cages there & met his ward Rose, whom he later married.There was a tidal wave tsunami in l946 - the most serious damage was at Hilo.In March l945 the Navy sponsored a swimming met at which wesaw the famous champion Duke Kahanamoku.Jack arranged transportation for a number of prominent athletes & entertainers mostly in the Navy who entertained troops in forward areas. He had an autrographed catchers mitt from Yankee Bill Dickey a baseball from Johnny Mize then with the New York Giants, & a photo of Gene Tunney, all of whom visited the Transportation Office, as did Bing Crosby's sons.We also saw exhbitions of prominent tennis players ++ w the dog, except I had seen her several times with her owner. I dared not go to his apartment to look for dog food, as the large dog might have attacked me.I had stocked nothing.& the military governor had ordered all stores closed to halt the hoarding that started the day after the attack.The dog went back & forth between my front & side doors & the entrance to Mr. Glockner's upstairs apartment at the back of the house.She would not let the milkman, laundry man or newspaper boy approach.When Gertrude Rice came to spend the night,she would rush in when the dog was going to his own door, & in the morning she would rush out. I called the police to remove the dog,but they refused,saying they had more to do than be concerned about the dog.Jack was on duty at Pearl Harbor day & night December 8-11.Finally I called the police to come at once for an emergency.The dog would not let them ring the doorbell - I called out that I had a small boy in the house & was out of food.Finally they did send the dog catcher.Later that month I had a postcard from Mr. Glockner asking me about his property & asking me to put mothballs in his clothes.Then it happened.When Navy women learned Jack had a wife in Waikiki,they began calling me on the telephone & came in droves to the little house,thinking I might plead their cases with Jack.Eventually Jack established priorities-the wounded-surviving widows & their children -pregnant women-women with very young children-& women with medical problems.Naval Reservist Dr. Paul Withington-who had grown up on a Windward Oahu sugar plantation & played football & rowed at Harvard l909 -& who was in charge of the Navy Dependents' Dispensary- advised Jack on medical cases needing to leave for the mainland.Mrs.Clorinda Low Lucas,one of the first native Hawaiian social workers advised about civilians who needed immediate transportation because of health or social need,& Pacific Fleet Chaplain Captain William Maguire haunted the Transportation Office,as he was familiar with the hardships of Navy women & children.Jack found it hard to refuse Chaplain Maguire's requests. because he was the Navy chaplain who in l93l found a room for me in Chefoo in l93l when the whole Asiatic fleet was in town & there was no place for me in the hotels.All sailings of ships in & out of Pearl Harbor were top secret..So when Jack got word from the Port Director, Lieutenant Commander Martin Derx, of the exact number of spaces he could have in the ships to evacuate personnel & dependents on Christmas Day l94l,his staff immediately started telephoning the hospitals to prepare the wounded for the trip to the mainland. They telephoned Navy & Marine personnel to be ready to sail,& then secretly notified the Navy dependents as all Navy women with young children were required to leave the Islands whether or not they wanted to.The order came from Admiral Bloch that ALL Navy dependents were to be evacuated as quickly as ships could be made available.When Gertrude Rice learned that Jack would be working on the dock all Christmas Day loading the evacuees aboard several ships, to be convoyed by three destroyers & a cruiser,she invited John & me to share Christmas dinner with her & Paul -risky as she lived near the Army's Fort Derussy in Waikiki, but it was within walking distance of our house.Carrying our gas masks,John & I walked to Gertrude's apartment, where she gave us a most delicious turkey dinner.When John asked for more peaches with his turkey,Gertrude hesitated, as they were brandied peaches.We had just finished eating when Jack apeared-tired & unfed at three o'clock in the afternoon.Gertrude gave him a good dinner,but he had to leave immediately because he was evacuating thousands of frightened wounded & dependent women with unruly children-with lines miles long waiting to get on the ships.Many women & children had given up their homes & were unfed. Jack saw our friend Mrs. Jean Nelson (from Panama days) standing in line with her two sons-ages about five & seven-at least a mile from the ship trying to control the two boys & watch her luggage at the same time.Jack called a couple of sailors to help her with her bags,& then he went aboard with her & gave her a lovely big room on the Matson Line's LURLINE.She was very pleased when he had an extra cot put in for Eric,the younger boy,so the family could be together in one cabin.Jack ordered her trunk taken to her cabin-a great privilege as most passengers could get nothing from their trunks during the voyage,because the trunks were in the hold.Later Gene Nelson wrote me that many of the children had no warm clothes for the cold weather of San Francisco about New Year's Day,& many had no shoes or stockings, which children generally do not use in Hawaii.One evening when the order came to "Darken Ship," some women thought they heard,"Abandon Ship," & there was temporary panic-but that soon subsided.The destroyers of the convoy occasionally dropped depth charges for suspected submarines,but the voyage was not too harrowing.GENE NELSON letter June 24,l970 "widow of Captain Paul Nelson,who had been a young boat officer on the survey ship HANNIBAL when Jack was "exec" & who was aboard the mine layer OGLALA on December 7,l94lwhen she was sunk & who died some time ago- a letter about her evacuation by Jack on the LURLINE Christmas Day l94l.Her son Paul junior was graduated from the Naval Academy & became a submariner- & her son Eric became a Naval aviator,but Eric was killed in a mountain acident recently.Gene herself passed away from a heart condition in March l97l. They were our good Navy friends,who visited at our house in West Roxbury in the l950's for Sunday dinner. In her letter Gene wrote,' Dear Sophie: Paul had (p.ll9f)the duty December 6-7 l94l aboard the OGLALA usually referred to as THAT old minelayer.I did not know he was alive until 2;30 pm The wife of the skipper 'Colonel' Speight located me at Kay Tompkins' where I had gone after I picked upthe children at Saint Andrews Episcopal Church.Kalaimaku Street was an evacuation area,so that it was senseless totry to go home. I went on home with the boys-Paul junior & Eric after spending the day getting up & down a rickety ladder with them & hiding under a reinforced concrete culvert.Later Paul & the paymaster came home-Paul trying to whistle & in khaki as the uniform was changed from whites to try to catch any possible saboteurs.I forget how I got the word,but I went downtown to have the boys evacuated wight away.Later I was informed I had to go along.A night telephone call told me to report for evacuation at a downtown pier.Somehow I had trunks,suitcases & even a toy or two with us.All our Christmas presents had sunk on the OGLALA December 7, l94l.(Paul jr was about eight & Eric about five) A cot was put in a lovely room on the LURLINE now renamed the MATSONIA.It was made up about sundown for Eric.The sheets felt odd,& next morning we found they were pure linen from the lanai suites! We had nothing to bathe in for 4 l/2 days but cold salt water. We had sailed on December 26,l94l accompaniedby two cruisers- one of them the St. LOUIS,& five destroyers.The destroyers ran around like mad that afternoon tossing over "ash cans" (depth charges).They were kept very busy tossing over depth charges p ll9g as we had all four of the Matson liners in convoy. We had aboard I believe thirty-eight of the burn cases.The boys went belting down a main staircase & almost ran into one, one day.I threatened them with everything I knew if theyt did it again. The gallant suffering burned boy (sailor) kept telling me he knew they meant no harm. I have keen hearing.One night over the loudspeaker came "Prepare to darken ship."Over a hundred people paniced,as they heard,"Prepare to abandon ship." My table mates bolted,but I grabbed an arm of each boy & told them to stay seated.Took quite a while to restore order.One evening some others were in our assigned places.We were put at a small table against the wall-I had some words,believe me with the steward- & we went back to our table for breakfast & kept on there.The stewards were quite surly. I heard later that at disembarkation at San Francisco they were marched off & sent to a recruiting office - or else...I cannot vouch for the story.They should have been,because the children were given a patented cooked cereal every day & diarrhea was rampant,you may imagine. One morning I was talking to a lovely older lady & mentioned I was worried about all the children I saw barefooted & in cotton only.Our boys had their little but too small coats & caps & were warm enough to land in San Francisco within two days. I bet it was twenty minutes later when over the loud speaker came a request that anyone who could spare clothes report to deck room- I had been talking with a General's wife.She got things done that I a Lieutenant's wife coould only worry about.We docked on a beautiful day at Pier 32 San Francisco.I managed to reach a phone & called Paul's sister-at work of course.I could hear her call over her shoulder,"My brother's wife & boys are here from Pearl Harbor-'bye,boss'".When she came to pick us up, I told ner "Open the front & back doors. We've had only cold salt water in which to wash for 4 l/2 days." On the dock were plenty of warm donations which should have been sent to Honolulu.Plenty of time for it. The Red Cross was there selling orange juice, coffee, milk for a nickel apiece. A good friend of mine had on the same slacksuit for three dazys & I asked if she had any other clothes.Everything of hers had been put in the hold & no person could go look.She came down to our room & I outfitted her with a brand new suit from Sears Roebuck & even had thread & needle for her to shorten the pants- all thanks to your Jack having given orders for all our baggage to go in our lovely big room. This is July 5 now- I get sidetracked by this lousy heart & my sixty-first birthday on July 3. As ever, Gene Nelson." THE OGLALA haD PREVIOUSLY BEEN A FALL RIVER liner But she was almost always tied up at Pearl Harbor. On December 7,l94l she lay next to the cruiser HELENA at 1010 dock & capsized. She was tied up so slong that a family of birds built a nest in her funel. End addition rest from #28:Another friend- from TULSA days in China-Commander Myron Thomas-was on Admiral Calhoun's staff,& through Jack he made arrangements for his wife & son to be evacuated on Christmas Day.He appreciated all Jack did to help & wrote to me recently that except for confusion on the dock before departure his wife & son had a good trip home on the LURLINE.Since I refused to accept my Navy quarters at Makalapa in July l941 chiefly because it was located so near the oil storage tanks,I was interested to read later in Samuel Eliot Morison's official history of the Navy in World War II that the greatest mistake the Japanese made on December 7 was their failure to bomb the huge reserve supply of oil at Pearl Harbor-& their failure to destroy the repair yards & docks & command & information facilities at the Administration Building. Commander Myron Thomas on Admiral Calhoun's Service Force staff wrote l970 about Jack: "He performed his task in a most creditable manner,& then his tact,careful planning,foresight & diplomacy with many people at this critical time satisfied the majority of naval personnel who had to remain in the (war) zone & were anxious to get their dependents to the mainland. I well remember that he booked my wife &^ son for sailing on the SS.LURLINE on Christmas Day '4l- & I didn't see them again until Christmas'43." Except for confusion on the dock at Honolulu, his wife and son had a good trip. Soon after the attack I learned a lot about it from Jack & from Captain Paul Rice,who worked for Admiral Furlong in the Navy Yard in charge of civilian workers in the repair shops.When Jack was Operations & War Plans assistant at Pearl Harbor in August l94l, he tried hard to get his superiors to work with the Army & alert the Navy to the real threat of an attack by the Japanese, but he was ignored-& transferred by Bloch to the Overseas Transportation Office,where his warnings could not disturb their golf.Paul Rice told me the civilian workmen voluntarily returned to work at the repair shops even while the attack was in progress-they worked well to prepare the ships for the trip to the mainland for permanent repairs.Early in the New Year l942 Jack was notified that several ships were en route to Honolulu to evacuate a large number of Navy dependents. Accordingly they secretly notified many women to give up their homes & be prepared to sail at a specified secret time.Not until the day of planned departure did Jack learn that all the ships had been sent elsewhere-the Navy women & children were stranded without places to live & without much ready cash.Jack was hounded day & night by displaced women & children=he was the victim of a situation which he had done nothing to create. For months no ships for dependents were made available to him, as they were all occupied in transporting troops & supplies for the crucial battle of Midway,which occured June 4. Late in May l942 my friend Lillian Arroyo visited me in Waikiki as she had learned that her husband was scheduled to leave the Islands shortly.She used her precious gasoline to drive me to a Japanese store in Honolulu where they put new covers on my chair cushions & sold me their last three Philippine teakwood bookcases & the only two unpainted pine rocking chairs in the place, which was practically empty.Lillian told me the awful secret of the preparations for Midway,& I promised to say nothing to anyone-not even to Jack.But the secret worried me,& I understood why Jack had no ships for the wounded & Navy dependents.But we won the Battle of Midway- & after that Jack could transport all the people who wanted to leave. Since Admiral Bloch put pressure on him to send us away,& since we had no home to go to on the mainland, we declared Hawaii our legal residence & remained throughout the war until June 4,l947.In the spring of l942,the Army cut some of the barbed wire at our entrance to the beach at Waikiki,& we joyfully resumed our daily swim just before dinner each evening.One late afternoon May l942 I lit the oven to bake a few very old potatoes & the last four old yellow onions.When Jack finally came home,he had with him a young man in civilian clothes-a soiled white shirt & really dirty white civilian trousers.Jack took me aside & whispered that his guest was a Lieutenant junior grade just in from a forward area of the war exhausted & afraid of the Shore Patrol because he was out of uniform-he had no time or funds to get a uniform before he left for the states to receive a Presidential citation from Franklin Roosevelt on behalf of his unit that had been in the Philippines.We took Henry Brantingham for a walk to the beach & loaned him a swim suit.The four of us walked hurriedly to the beach, swam-& in the walk home Henry was relaxed enough to laugh & talk like a normal young person.I raced into the kitchen-where my potatoes were overcooked -& my few little onions almost burned. I cut some stale cold roast beef cooked the previous Sunday.By the time they had showered & dressed it was dark,but we sat down to our simple meal.But we had a pleasant time & whe I asked Henry if he would like to join us for a swim & supper the next night,he merely replied,"That is up to the Commander."Jack walked to the Moana hotel with Henry so he wouldn't get lost & picked up by the Shore Patrol. Jack told him not to leave the hotel until he had heard from the Transportation Office.Brantingham had been skipper of a PT boat evacuating MacArthur & his family- then in mountains of Cebu-a Filipino loaned him a civilian shirt & trousers so he could have his dirty uniform washed. Before the uniform came back from the laundry,Brantingham flew out on one of the two last planes to leave the Philippines.So that is why Brantingham reached Australia in soiled civilian clothes.He figures prominently in the account "They Were Expendable" about the PT boats under Commander Bulkeley in Manila-Bataan December 1941-April, 1942. Later in the Solomons he commanded one of the four PT boats that were with Lt. John F. Kennedy & was involved iin picking up Kennedy, as described in Donovan's book "PT l09."Brantingham remembers us well in l970 & expressed appreciation in his l970 letter from La Jolla,California.


 

1406.
p 93-1406

 

The Millenial Wonder-_-_-_--- Kasey Ulin photo high scorer for two seasons on Forks High School league-leading Varsity basketball teams 1998-9 + 1999-2000 - ++++ essay Ap 22 Astronomy Professor David Latham has suggested that it will take a great deal of energy to achieve the ideal maximum amount of mass removal from the sun to keep the earth habitable as long as possible. However the time frame is very long. The basic equation is mv squared or m DELTA v squared, where m is the desired amount of mass removed, and Delta V is the difference between starting velocity and escape velocity. I believe that "m" the ideal amount of mass to remove over four or five billion years is not precisely known at present. The optimum rate of removal is likely to be a curve rather than a straight line. Too rapid a beginning might trigger an ice age or orbital instability of earth and planets. The longest-lived stars have 7.5 to eight per cent of the mass of the sun and are estimated to remain on Main Sequence with stable heat output about five thousand trillion years - [5 x 10 to twelfth power]. In atlas of the Universe 1998 I see as estimate that sun equals 333,000 earth masses. Suppose that in four billion years, it was desired to remove eighty per cent of present solar mass - this is very likely more than enough, but illustrates the nature of the calculation. This would mean if one proceeded in a linear fashion, that one per cent of solar mass should be eliminated in the first fifty million years, dividing four billion by eighty. So 3,330 earth masses would be removed in fifty million years, or 66.6 earth masses per one million years - around one earth mass every fifteen thousand years. The acceleration would be complex. I have heard the escape velocity at the surface of the sun estimated between 384 miles per second and 500 kilometers per second. However, the heat of the solar surface 5500 C and the much higher heat and convective motion just below the surface may contribute significantly to the starting energy as we come to understand how the existing solar wind forms and the stellar winds of other stars, including those hotter than the sun. For seven years I have been studying whether it would be possible to remove ANY mass from the sun. I call this stage "Leah" after the older first wife of the Biblical patriarch Jacob. Before we get to phase Leah, where we might experimentally try to remove a small amount of mass from the sun to observe technology, there would be phase "Blaise Pascal" where we would do thought experiments and test ideas theroetically. If the technology appeared risky, there might be a phase Alpha where we might test procedures on the star Alpha Centauri before working on the sun. As a target, perhaps an experimental small operation to remove a little mass from the sun might be targeted for the year 2099, within the lifetime of persons now living. David Latham has proposed the much more difficult and long -lasting PHASE RACHEL, in which the goal would be to achieve an optimum amount of gas removal to prolong habitability of earth to a theoretical maximum. Rachel was very beautiful, but her father was a demanding gentleman, and Jacob needed great patience and persistence. Since April 7, 2000 a number of possible technologies have come to mind, but they will require huge amounts of energy.Most of the technologies involve heating the solar surface to increase the amount of mass that escapes in the solar wind. At present it has been estimated about one hundred trillionth of solar mass escapes each year in naturally occurring solar wind. Hopefully, the sun's own energy can be utilized in one way or another.It is conceivable that over thousands and millions of years ways can be found to store energy from giant objects deep in space, and then beam or transport it Most technologies involve application of some form of heat to the solar surface. There may also be the possibilty of disrupting the surface chromosphere and exposing slight deeper layers which are much hotter. In the order I have thought of them, these are techniques for warming the solar surface- locally or around the entire surface. [1] Lasers - possibly utilizing hydrogen from the sun itself for fusion power. [2] Reflectors or mirrors to aim the sun's own heat back at the surface. [3} A greenhouse gas - if one can be maintained stably in the lower corona, this would be the ultimate mirror or reflector. Extremely high million-degree C. temperatures occur in portions of the lower corona, and the forces that cause them are not completed known- very likely magnetism is involved. This strategy would take mass relatively uniformly from all areas of the surface. It would be desirable to remove mass from the polar regions of the sun, so that it would travel away from the orbit of the earth and other planets. [4] Disruption of the cooler chromosphere to expose hotter interior gas or plasma. [5] ANTI-MATTER- would be extremely effective annihiliating some of the sun's mass and generating astonish heat if ANTIMATTER can be found, manufactured and handled and contained, as by very strong magnetic fields. There might be advantages in concentrating ther ANTIMATTER at very low temperatures near absolute zero possibly utilizing superconductivity to assist handling, which is far in the future [but Rachel is very beautiful].[6] collect energy from hot distant sources such as black holes, neutron stars, supernovas, giant stars and beam it to solar system [7] find nearby BROWN dwarfs believed to exist within a few light years of earth and utilize their hydrogen or intragalactic clouds for FUSION. The sun is presently about seventy-one per cent hydrogen, twenty-seven per cent helium, and two per cent heavier elements. The removal of helium probably would favor stability, but the helium tends to be concentrated near the core, as David Latham pointed out in 1995. Recently Sean Root of Port Angeles heard a broadcast on a TV history channel in which something was said about "helium bubbles" obrserved in sunspots. if this is true and if they can be targeted, a substantial amount of helium over a long time can be removed from the convective outer zone, which constitutes thirty per cent of solar radius and sixty-five per cent of volume. Doug Wadsworth of Port Angeles and Western Washington University at Bellinghan points out that if it is possible to reduce solar mass signifiantly, orbits of planets will be affected by reduced gravitational pull, and planets will move further from the sun. This will help delay or prevent over-heating the earth and may be opf great long run importance. Effects on earth and future colonies on satellites of outer planets need careful calclulation [phase Blaise Pascal thought experiments]. It appears likely a time will come when much of the world's population will move to satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune. Mars is very small. Colonies can be sent to distant space, but moving all person and animals and plants is much more difficult, but relevant to democratic planning and popular will. Someday it will be possible, but it is important to gain time by keeping earth habitable as long as possible. Thanks to David Latham, Philip Brown of www.historyoftheuniverse.com,Peter latham, Bohdan Paczynski, Gibor Basri for comments on various astrophysical topics, including halo and dark matter. We have seen that energy may be a limiting factor for long term human survival- whether on earth where overheating of sun will become a problem- or on the outer planets, where fusion energy will eventually be the main fuel- how much hydrogen would be needed for 2-3 billion year survival on outer planets? It comes to mind that the outer planets are mostly hydrogen - it is sugggested their cores may be largely metallic hydrogen, which conducts electricity under pressure. A recent issue of Astronomy magazine suggests that brown drawfs are likely to turn up within a few light years' distance from the earth. They might be excellent fuel sources, whether for my project of reducing mass of sun, or for heating life on the rocky outer satellites. I still hope the best source of energy will be the sun itself. If advanced civilizations already exist in Milky Way galaxy, might we detect them diverting pulsar beams to places where they need energy? I see much progress on non-baryonic matter and other topics. I found article on June 1999 observation of sun's galactic rotation relative to galactic center - but I am still looking for more on its motion relative to neighboring stars and galactic plane.


 

1407.
p 93-1407

 

Depew service station receives award from school and Forks community. Luke and Levi Larsen make presentation to employees Zach Cole and Travis Windle.


 

1408.
p 93-1408

 

Pat Bennett photo scoring. Account of Forks Spartan victories over Montesano and Hoquiam.The article about john Dahlgren is continued on web page 94, photo # 1409.


 

 

[Main